Died in 1625

Jan 5 Simon Marius a German astronomer. He was born in Gunzenhausen, near Nuremberg, but he spent most of his life in the city of Ansbach
Jan 7 Ruggiero Giovannelli an Italian composer of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He was a member of the Roman School, and succeeded Palestrina at Peter's
Jan 13 Jan Brueghel the Elder a Flemish painter, son of Pieter Bruegel the Elder and father of Jan Brueghel the Younger. Nicknamed "Velvet" Brueghel, "Flower" Brueghel, and "Paradise" Brueghel, of which the latter two were derived from his floral still lifes and paradise landscapes, while the former may refer to the velveteen sheen of his colors
Jan 17 Maria Dolgorukova the first wife of Tsar Michael I of Russia.
Mar 2 James Hamilton 2nd Marquess of Hamilton a Scottish politician. He was the son of John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Hamilton
Mar 7 Johann Bayer a German lawyer and uranographer. He was born in Rain, Lower Bavaria, in 1572. At twenty, in 1592 he began his study of philosophy and law at the University of Ingolstadt, after which he moved to Augsburg to begin work as a lawyer, becoming legal adviser to the city council in 1612
Mar 25 Giambattista Marino an Italian poet who was born in Naples. He is most famous for his long epic L'Adone
Mar 27 James VI and I King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death. The kingdoms of Scotland and England were individual sovereign states, with their own parliaments, judiciary, and laws, though both were ruled by James in personal union
Apr 23 Maurice Prince of Orange sovereign Prince of Orange from 1618, on the death of his eldest half brother, Philip William, Prince of Orange. Maurice was stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands from earliest 1585 until his death in 1625
May 17 Francisco Gómez de Sandoval 1st Duke of Lerma the first of the validos through whom the later Habsburg monarchs ruled. He was succeeded by Don Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares
Jun 1 Honoré d'Urfé a French novelist and miscellaneous writer.
Jun 2 Mōri Terumoto eventually overcome, participated in the Kyūshū campaign on Hideyoshi's side and built Hiroshima Castle, thus essentially founding Hiroshima.
Jun 5 Orlando Gibbons an English composer, virginalist and organist of the late Tudor and early Jacobean periods. He was a leading composer in the England of his day
Aug 3 Ludovico Bertonio an Italian Jesuit missionary to South America.
Aug 19 Frederick William Duke of Cieszyn a Duke of Cieszyn since 1617 until his death.
Aug 30 Duchess Anna of Prussia the daughter of Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia, and Marie Eleonore of Cleves. She became the spouse of John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg
Sep 6 Thomas Dempster a Scottish scholar and historian. Born into the aristocracy in Aberdeenshire, which comprises regions of both the Scottish highlands and the Scottish lowlands, he was sent abroad as a youth for his education. The Dempsters were Catholic in an increasingly Protestant country and had a reputation for being quarrelsome. Thomas' brother James, outlawed for an attack on his father, spent some years as a pirate in the northern islands, escaped by volunteering for military service in the Low Countries and was drawn and quartered there for insubordination. Thomas' father lost the family fortune in clan feuding and was beheaded for forgery
Sep 20 Heinrich Meibom (poet) born at Barntrup in Westphalia.
Oct 1 César Oudin a French Hispanist, translator, paremiologist, grammarian and lexicographer.
Oct 22 Kikkawa Hiroie a Japanese daimyo of the Azuchi-Momoyama period through early Edo period.
Oct 24 Duke Friedrich of Saxe-Altenburg a member of the Ernestine branche of the House of Wettin and a Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg. Friedrich is sometimes called "Friedrich the younger" to distinguish him from Prince Frederick of Saxe-Weimar, as they were both called "Friedrich of Saxe-Weimar"
Nov 16 Sofonisba Anguissola an Italian Renaissance painter born in Cremona. She received a well-rounded education that included the fine arts, and her apprenticeship with local painters set a precedent for women to be accepted as students of art. As a young woman, Anguissola traveled to Rome where she was introduced to Michelangelo, who immediately recognized her talent, and to Milan, where she painted the Duke of Alba, Elizabeth of Valois, the queen of Philip II of Spain, was a keen amateur painter, and Anguissola was recruited to go to Madrid as her tutor, with the rank of lady-in-waiting. She later became an official court painter to the king, and adapted her style to the more formal requirements of official portraits for the Spanish court. After the queen's death, Philip helped arrange an aristocratic marriage for her. She moved to Palermo, and later Pisa and Genoa, where she continued to practice as a leading portrait painter, apparently with the support of her two husbands, living to the age of ninety-three
Dec 8 Christina of Holstein-Gottorp a Queen Consort of Sweden as consort of king Charles IX of Sweden, mother of king Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, and a Regent of Sweden. She served as regent in 1605, during the absence of her spouse, and in 1611, during the minority of her son
Dec 9 Ubbo Emmius a German historian and geographer.