Died in 1629

Jan 19 Abbas I of Persia the 5th Safavid Shah Emperor of Iran, and generally considered the greatest ruler of the Safavid dynasty. He was the third son of Shah Mohammad
Jan 27 Hieronymus Praetorius a north German composer and organist of the late Renaissance and very early Baroque eras. He was not related to the much more famous Michael Praetorius, though the Praetorius family had many distinguished musicians throughout the 16th and 17th centuries
Jan 30 Carlo Maderno remembered as one of the fathers of Baroque architecture. His façades of Santa Susanna, Peter's Basilica and Sant'Andrea della Valle were of key importance in the evolution of the Italian Baroque. He is often referred to as the brother of sculptor Stefano Maderno, but this is not universally agreed upon
Mar 16 Countess Emilia of Nassau the third and youngest daughter of William the Silent and his second wife Anna of Saxony.
Mar 29 Jacob de Gheyn II a Dutch painter and engraver, whose work shows the transition from Northern Mannerism to Dutch realism over the course of his career.
Apr 18 Catherine de' Medici Governor of Siena Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat as the second wife of Duke Ferdinando and Governor of Siena from 1627. She was the second daughter of Grand Duke Ferdinando I of Tuscany and his wife Christina of Lorraine. She had no issue
Apr 19 Sigismondo d'India an Italian composer of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He was one of the most accomplished contemporaries of Monteverdi, and wrote music in many of the same forms as the more famous composer
May 5 Szymon Szymonowic a Polish Renaissance poet. He was known as "the Polish Pindar."
May 5 Joachim Burmeister a north German composer and music theorist.
Jun 18 Piet Pieterszoon Hein a Dutch admiral and privateer for the Dutch Republic during the Eighty Years' War between the United Provinces and Spain.
Jul 13 Caspar Bartholin the Elder born at Malmø, Denmark and was a polymath, finally accepting a professorship in medicine at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1613. He later taught theology at the same university
Aug 29 Pietro Bernini an Italian sculptor. He was the father of one of the most famous artists of Baroque, Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Sep 5 Domenico Allegri an Italian composer and singer of the early Baroque Roman School. He was the second son of the Milanese coachman Costantino Allegri, who lived in Rome with his family, and was a younger brother of the more famous Gregorio Allegri. Costantino sent three sons, Gregorio, Domenico and Bartolomeo, to study music at San Luigi dei Francesi, under the maestro di capella Giovanni Bernardino Nanino, brother of Giovanni Maria Nanino. The little boy had as schoolmate his elder brother Gregorio and then Antonio Cifra, Domenico Massenzio and Paolo Agostini
Sep 21 Jan Pieterszoon Coen an officer of the Dutch East India Company in Indonesia in the early seventeenth century, holding two terms as its Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies.
Oct 2 Antonio Cifra an Italian composer of the Roman School of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He was one of the significant transitional figures between the Renaissance and Baroque styles, and produced music in both idioms
Oct 2 Pierre de Bérulle Cong. Orat. , was a French Catholic priest, cardinal and statesman, one of the most important mystics of the 17th century in France, and founder of the French school of spirituality, who could count among his friends and disciples Vincent de Paul and Francis de Sales
Oct 3 Giorgi Saakadze a Georgian politician and military commander who played an important but contradictory role in the politics of the early 17th-century Georgia. He was also known as Grand Mouravi in Georgia, Mūrāv-Beg in Persia and Maghraw-Bek in the Ottoman Empire for having served as a mouravi of Tbilisi
Nov 1 Hendrick ter Brugghen a Dutch painter and a leading member of the Dutch followers of Caravaggio – the so-called Dutch Caravaggisti. Along with Gerrit van Hondhorst and Dirck van Baburen, Ter Brugghen was one of the most important Dutch painters to have been influenced by Caravaggio
Nov 15 Gabriel Bethlen a Protestant King of Hungary , Prince of Transylvania and Duke of Opole who led an anti-Habsburg insurrections in Royal Hungary. Bethlen is accused of duplicity in his foreign affairs
Dec 13 Mikołaj Oleśnicki the younger a Polish nobleman and latterly voivode of Lublin. He was son of Jan Oleśnicki, lord of Chmielnik in the voivodie of Sandomir His uncle was Lord Mikołaj Oleśnicki the elder a Polish Calvinist nobleman who established the first Protestant academy in Poland at Pińczów in 1550, and his aunt Zofia Oleśnicka was the first notable Polish woman poet
Dec 23 Giovanni I Cornaro the 96th Doge of Venice, reigning from 24 January 1625 until his death.