Born in 1630

Jan 11 John Rogers (Harvard) an English academic in early Colonial America. Eldest son of minister Nathaniel Rogers, he was born in Coggeshall, a small town in Essex, and immigrated to New England with his family in 1636. In 1649, at age 19, in the recent settlement of Cambridge , he earned a B.A. from Harvard College which, only seven years earlier, in 1642, had graduated its first class of students. In 1652, following an additional three years of study, he received an M.A. and, in 1660, married Elizabeth Denison of Ipswich
Jan 16 Guru Har Rai the seventh of the Sikh Gurus. He became Guru on 8 March 1644 following the footsteps of his grandfather. Just before his death at age 31, Guru Har Rai Sahib passed the Guru Gaddi to his younger son, the five year old Guru Har Krishan
Jan 25 Louis VI Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1661 to 1678.
Feb 8 Pierre Daniel Huet a French churchman and scholar, editor of the Delphin Classics, founder of the Academie du Physique in Caen and Bishop of Soissons from 1685 to 1689 and afterwards of Avranches.
Feb 19 Shivaji an Indian warrior king and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan. Shivaji, in 1674, carved out an enclave from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur that formed the genesis of an independent Maratha Empire with Raigad as its capital
Feb 20 Josefa de Óbidos a Spanish-born, Portuguese painter from the seventeenth century. Her birth name was Josefa de Ayala Figueira, but she signed her work as, "Josefa em Óbidos" or, "Josefa de Ayalla". She is one of the relatively few female European painters known to have been active in the Baroque era. All of her work was executed in Portugal, her father's native country, where she lived from the age of four
Mar 23 Ignace Cotolendi a French bishop. He was a founding member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society and became a missionary in Asia
Mar 24 José Saenz d'Aguirre a Cardinal, and learned Spanish Benedictine.
Mar 28 Silvestro Valiero the 109th Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on 25 February 1694 until his death six years later. The Morean War between the Republic of Venice and the Ottoman Empire, which had been ongoing since 1684, came to an end during Valiero's reign as Doge, in January 1699
Apr 21 Pieter Gerritsz van Roestraten a Dutch Golden Age painter of still lifes and genre scenes.
Apr 28 Charles Cotton an English poet and writer, best known for translating the work of Michel de Montaigne from the French, for his contributions to The Compleat Angler, and for the influential The Compleat Gamester attributed to him.
May 14 Katakura Kagenaga (2nd) a Japanese samurai of the early Edo period, who served as a senior retainer of the Date clan of Sendai han. He bore the same name as his great-grandfather. The lord of Shiroishi Castle, Kagenaga was the third bearer of the common name Kojūrō. During the Date incident , he was a caretaker for the young daimyō, Kamechiyo. Upon receiving news of the actions of Harada Munesuke, Kagenaga immediately brought the domain to emergency footing, restraining any disorder from breaking out and saving the Sendai domain from the danger of being attaindered. However, as he was sickly, he resigned his post immediately following the incident's resolution
May 29 Charles II of England monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
Jun 1 Carlo Barberini an Italian Catholic cardinal and member of the Barberini family. He was the grand-nephew of Maffeo Barberini and son of Taddeo Barberini
Jun 24 Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke of Newcastle an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1676, and then inherited the dukedom.
Jul 22 Madame de Brinvilliers a French aristocrat accused of three murders. She was convicted on the strength of letters written by her dead lover and a confession obtained by torture, so her guilt remains uncertain
Aug 1 Thomas Clifford 1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh an English statesman and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1672 when he was created Baron Clifford.
Sep 13 Olaus Rudbeck a Swedish scientist and writer, professor of medicine at Uppsala University and for several periods rector magnificus of the same university. He was born in Västerås, the son of Bishop Johannes Rudbeckius, who was personal chaplain to King Gustavus Adolphus, and the father of botanist Olof Rudbeck the Younger. Rudbeck is primarily known for his contributions in two fields: human anatomy and linguistics, but he was also accomplished in many other fields including music and botany
Sep 17 Ranuccio II Farnese Duke of Parma the sixth Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1646 until his death nearly 50 years later.
Sep 27 Michael Willmann a German painter. The Baroque artist became known as the "Silesian Rembrandt"
Oct 14 Sophia of Hanover the Electress of Hanover from 1692 to 1698. She became heiress presumptive to crowns of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Ireland under the Act of Settlement 1701. After the Act of Union, 1707 unified the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland, she became heiress to the throne of Kingdom of Great Britain
Nov 18 Eleonora Gonzaga (1630–1686) Holy Roman Empress as the wife of Emperor Ferdinand III.
Nov 24 Étienne Baluze a French scholar, also known as Stephanus Baluzius.
Nov 27 Sigismund Francis Archduke of Austria the ruler of Further Austria including Tyrol from 1662 to 1665.
Dec 17 Kaibara Ekken a Japanese Neo-Confucianist philosopher and botanist.
Dec 28 Ludolf Bakhuizen a German-born Dutch Golden Age painter who was the leading Dutch painter of maritime subjects after the two Willem van de Veldes left for England in 1672.