Born in 1631

Jan 2 Anthonie van Borssom a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
Jan 6 Anne Hamilton 3rd Duchess of Hamilton a Scottish peeress.
Mar 2 Job Boretsky a Ukrainian Orthodox metropolitan.
Mar 3 Esaias Boursse a Dutch painter. His paintings were mainly genre works
Mar 16 René Le Bossu a French critic.
May 2 John Murray 1st Marquess of Atholl a leading Scottish royalist and defender of the Stuarts during the English Civil War of the 1640s, until after the rise to power of William and Mary in 1689. He succeeded as 2nd Earl of Atholl on his father's demise in June 1642 and as 3rd Earl of Tullibardine after the death of his first cousin the 2nd Earl in 1670
May 10 Flavio Chigi (1631-1693) an Italian Catholic Cardinal and Duke of Ariccia. He was Cardinal-Nephew to Pope Alexander VII and became a powerful political force inside the Roman Catholic Church during the latter half of the 17th century
Jul 15 Jens Juel (diplomat) a Danish diplomat and statesman of great influence at the Danish court who was created Baron and granted Juellinge in 1672. He was the brother of Admiral Niels Juel
Aug 5 Adam Adamandy Kochański a Polish mathematician.
Aug 9 John Dryden an English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who was made Poet Laureate in 1668.
Aug 29 Henry Noris an Italian church historian, theologian and Cardinal, of Irish ancestry.
Oct 3 Sebastian Anton Scherer a German composer and organist of the Baroque era.
Oct 6 Emmanuel Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Plötzkau. From 1665, he was ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen
Oct 22 Gilles Boileau a French translator and member of the Académie française.
Oct 26 Leopold Karl von Kollonitsch a cardinal of the Holy Roman Church, Archbishop of Kalocsa and later of Gran, or Esztergom, and Primate of Hungary. Also a count of the Holy Roman Empire, he was a leading figure of the Hungarian Counter-reformation
Oct 30 Pierre Beauchamp a French choreographer, dancer and composer, and the probable inventor of Beauchamp-Feuillet notation.
Nov 4 Mary Princess Royal and Princess of Orange Princess of Orange and Countess of Nassau as the wife of Prince William She was the eldest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland, and Ireland and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France. Her only child later reigned as King William III of England and Ireland and II of Scotland
Dec 6 Antonio Zanchi an Italian painter of the Baroque, active mainly in Venice, but his prolific works can also be seen in Padua, Treviso, Rovigo, Verona, Vicenza, Loreto, Brescia, Milan, and Bergamo, as well as Bavaria.
Dec 9 Dymitr Jerzy Wiśniowiecki a Polish magnate and szlachcic. Great Guard of the Crown from 1658, Field Hetman of the Crown from 1668, Great Crown Hetman from 1676, voivode of Belz 1660–1678 and Kraków 1678–1681, and castellan of Kraków from 1681. He was starost of Biala Cerkiew, Krzemieniec, Solec, Kamionka Strumilowa, Braha and Luboml
Dec 14 Anne Conway Viscountess Conway an English philosopher whose work, in the tradition of the Cambridge Platonists, was an influence on Leibniz. Conway's thought is original as it is rationalist philosophy, with hallmarks of gynocentric concerns and patterns, and in that sense it was unique among seventeenth-century systems