Born in 1633

Feb 20 Jan de Baen a Dutch portrait painter who lived during the Dutch Golden Age. He was a pupil of the painter Jacob Adriaensz Backer in Amsterdam from 1645 to 1648. He worked for Charles II of England in his Dutch exile, and from 1660 until his death he lived and worked in The Hague. His portraits were popular in his day, and he painted the most distinguished people of his time
Feb 23 Samuel Pepys now most famous for the diary he kept for a decade while still a relatively young man. Although Pepys had no maritime experience, he rose by patronage, hard work, and his talent for administration to be the Chief Secretary to the Admiralty under both King Charles II and subsequently King James II
Feb 26 Gustav Adolph Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow the last ruler of Mecklenburg-Güstrow from 1636 until his death and last Lutheran Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Ratzeburg from 1636 to 1648.
Mar 26 Mary Beale an English portrait painter. She became one of the most important portrait painters of 17th-century England, and has been described as the first professional female English painter
Mar 30 Frederick II Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg. He was also a successful and experienced general for the crowns of both Sweden and of Brandenburg, but is best remembered as the eponymous hero of Heinrich von Kleist's play Der Prinz von Homburg
Mar 30 Miron Costin a Moldavian political figure and chronicler. His main work, Letopiseţul Ţărâi Moldovei was meant to extend Grigore Ureche's narrative, co vering events from 1594 to 1660. The Chronicles were first published in 1675
Apr 20 Emperor Go-Kōmyō the 110th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
May 4 Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban a Marshal of France and the foremost military engineer of his age, famed for his skill in both designing fortifications and breaking through them. He also advised Louis XIV on how to consolidate France's borders, to make them more defensible. Vauban made a radical suggestion of giving up some land that was indefensible to allow for a stronger, less porous border with France's neighbours
Jun 1 Geminiano Montanari an Italian astronomer, lens-maker, and proponent of the experimental approach to science.
Jun 16 Jean de Thévenot a French traveller in the East, who wrote extensively about his journeys. He was also a linguist, natural scientist and botanist
Jun 19 Philipp van Limborch born at Amsterdam, where his father was a lawyer.
Jul 1 Johann Heinrich Heidegger born at Bäretswil, in the Canton of Zürich.
Sep 6 Sebastian Knüpfer a German composer. He was the cantor of the Thomanerchor in Leipzig from 1657 to 1676, and director of the city’s music
Sep 7 Catharina Regina von Greiffenberg an Austrian poet of the Baroque era.
Sep 8 Ferdinand IV King of the Romans born in Vienna, the eldest son of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, and his first wife, María Ana of Spain. He was made King of Bohemia in 1646 and King of Hungary in 1647, the latter coronation taking place on June 16 in Pressburg. He was elected King of the Romans, that is, heir to the Holy Roman Empire, on 31 May 1653, and crowned at Ratisbon on 18 June of the same year. He died of smallpox in Vienna, predeceasing his father and leaving his younger brother, Leopold, as heir apparent
Oct 4 Anthony Ulrich Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruled over the Wolfenbüttel subdivision of the duchy from 1685 until 1702 jointly with his brother, and solely from 1704 until his death.
Oct 14 James II of England King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. He was the last Roman Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland
Oct 29 Antonio Magliabechi an Italian librarian, scholar and bibliophile.
Nov 3 Bernardino Ramazzini an Italian physician.
Nov 11 George Savile 1st Marquess of Halifax an English statesman, writer, and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1660, and in the House of Lords after he was raised to the peerage in 1668.
Dec 18 Willem van de Velde the Younger a Dutch marine painter.