Born in 1634

Jan 7 Sophia Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt by birth and by marriage Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg.
Jan 7 Katarzyna Sobieska the sister of King of Poland Jan III Sobieski and a noble lady. She married Władysław Dominik Zasławski in 1650. She was later married to Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł on June 13, 1658
Jan 7 Adam Krieger a German composer. Born in Driesen, Neumark, he studied organ with Samuel Scheidt in Halle. He succeeded Johann Rosenmüller as organist at Leipzig's Nikolaikirche and founded the city's Collegium Musicum before settling for the rest of his career in Dresden
Jan 16 Dorothe Engelbretsdatter a Norwegian author. She principally wrote hymns and poems. She has been characterized as Norway's first recognized female author as well as Norway's first feminist before feminism became a recognized concept
Jan 25 Gaspar Fagel a Dutch statesman, writer and quasi-diplomat who authored correspondence from and on behalf of William III, Prince of Orange during the English Revolution of 1688.
Feb 8 Teodósio Prince of Brazil the heir-apparent son of John IV of Portugal and his wife Luisa de Guzmán. In 1645 he was given the title of Prince of Brazil, a new crown-princely position thus created. Also, his father granted him the duchy as 10th Duke of Braganza, presumably after his uncle Duarte died in 1649
Mar 4 Kazimierz Łyszczyński a Polish nobleman, landowner in Brest Litovsk Voivodeship of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, philosopher, and soldier in the ranks of the Sapieha family, who was accused, tried, and executed for atheism in 1689.
Mar 18 Madame de La Fayette a French writer, the author of La Princesse de Clèves, France's first historical novel and one of the earliest novels in literature.
Mar 20 Balthasar Bekker a Dutch minister and author of philosophical and theological works. Opposing superstition, he was a key figure in the end of the witchcraft persecutions in early modern Europe. His best known work is De Betoverde Weereld , or The World Bewitched
Mar 26 Domenico Freschi an Italian composer and Roman Catholic priest. From the age of 22 until his death he worked as a church musician and composer in Vincenza. He was also active as an opera composer from 1671 to 1685
Apr 3 Stanisław Jan Jabłonowski a Polish nobleman and magnate. Grand Guardian of the Crown since 1660, the Grand Camp Leader of the Crown since 1661, voivode of Ruthenian Voivodship since 1664, Field Crown Hetman since 1676, Great Crown Hetman since 1683 and castellan of Kraków since 1692
Apr 8 Joseph Alleine an English Nonconformist pastor and author of many religious works.
Apr 9 Countess Albertine Agnes of Nassau a regent of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe. She was the sixth child and fifth daughter of stadtholder Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and Amalia of Solms-Braunfels
Jun 6 Maria Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp by marriage landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Jun 20 Charles Emmanuel II Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675 and under regency of his mother Christine of France until 1648. He was also Marquis of Saluzzo, Count of Aosta, Geneva, Moriana and Nice, as well as claimant king of Cyprus and Jerusalem. At his death in 1675 his second wife Marie Jeanne of Savoy acted as Regent for their eleven-year-old son
Jul 8 Thomas Butler 6th Earl of Ossory an Irish politician. He was born at Kilkenny Castle, the eldest son of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde and Lady Elizabeth Preston
Jul 12 John George I Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Jul 14 Pasquier Quesnel a French Jansenist theologian.
Jul 18 Johannes Camphuys the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1684 to 1691.
Sep 4 Robert South an English churchman, known for his combative preaching.
Sep 22 Christiana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg the consort of Christian I, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg, who was the ruling Duke of Saxe-Merseburg from 1650 until his death.
Oct 3 Isabella d'Este Duchess of Parma Duchess of Parma, and second wife of Duke Ranuccio II Farnese. She was the paternal grandmother of Elisabetta Farnese
Oct 14 Alfonso IV d'Este Duke of Modena Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1658 until his death. He was the father of Mary of Modena, consort of James II of England
Oct 18 Luca Giordano an Italian late Baroque painter and printmaker in etching. Fluent and decorative, he worked successfully in Naples and Rome, Florence and Venice, before spending a decade in Spain
Dec 15 Thomas Kingo a Danish bishop, poet and hymn-writer born at Slangerup, near Copenhagen. His work marked the high point of Danish baroque poetry
Dec 23 William Hamilton Duke of Hamilton Duke of Hamilton in the Peerage of Scotland due to his marriage to Anne Hamilton, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton, which also allowed him to use his wife's subsidiary titles during his lifetime and to take the name Hamilton for him and their descendents. Born Lord William Douglas, he was the son of William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Douglas and his second wife Lady Mary Gordon, a daughter of George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly
Dec 24 Mariana of Austria Queen consort of Spain as the second wife of King Philip IV, who was also her maternal uncle. At the death of her husband in 1665, Queen Mariana became regent for her son Charles II, the last Spanish Habsburg, and she remained an influential figure during his reign