Born in 1635

Jan 8 Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero a Spanish prelate, who was cardinal archbishop of Toledo. Uncle of Luis Antonio Tomas de Portocarrero y Moscoso, 5th Count, who became a Grandee of Spain, 2nd class, since 1707 by King Felipe V of Spain
Jan 10 Alexander Farnese Prince of Parma an Italian military leader, who was Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1678 until 1682.
Jan 13 Philipp Spener a German Christian theologian known as the "Father of Pietism.".
Jan 24 Rudolf Capell a German historian, linguist and pedagogue. He was renowned internationally as one of the great learned men of his time
Feb 1 Marquard Gude a German archaeologist and classical scholar, most famous for his collection of Greek and Latin inscriptions.
Feb 18 Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna a Swedish statesman.
Mar 20 Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt a princess of Hesse-Darmstadt and wife of the Prince-elector of the Palatinate.
Mar 31 Patrick Gordon a general and rear admiral in Russia, of Scottish origin. He was descended from a family of Aberdeenshire, holders of the small estate of Auchleuchries near Ellon. The family were connected with the noble branch of Haddo. He assumed the name Leopold at the Catholic confirmation shortly before he died
Apr 16 Frans van Mieris the Elder a Dutch Golden Age genre and portrait painter. The leading member of a Leiden family of painters, his sons Jan and Willem and his grandson Frans van Mieris the Younger were also accomplished genre painters
May 4 Willem van Outhoorn Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1691 to 1704. He was born and died in the Dutch East Indies
May 6 Johann Joachim Becher a German physician, alchemist, precursor of chemistry, scholar and adventurer, best known for his development of the phlogiston theory of combustion, and his advancement of Austrian cameralism.
May 9 Augustus Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg Duke of a small part of Schleswig-Holstein around Nordborg Castle on the island of Als. He was the founder of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg line
Jun 3 Philippe Quinault born in Paris.
Jul 28 Robert Hooke an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath.
Aug 24 Peder Griffenfeld a Danish statesman.
Sep 7 Paul I Prince Esterházy the first Prince Esterházy of Galántha from 1687 to 1713, Palatine of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1681 to 1713, and an Imperial Field Marshal. Paul was also an accomplished poet, harpsichordist, and composer. He actively participated in various battles against the Ottoman Turks during the Fourth Austro-Turkish War and the Great Turkish War. Paul is credited with establishing the wealth, power, and influence of the Princely House of Esterházy
Nov 3 Johann Sturm a German philosopher. Sturm is the author of Physica Electiva , a book which criticized Leibniz and prompted him to publish a rebuke. Sturm's critique was aimed at Leibniz's view that Nature and/or its constituent parts possess some creative force of their own. This criticism was partly theological, in that Sturm claimed Leibniz's view of Nature undermined the sovereignty of the Creator
Nov 14 Old Tom Parr an Englishman who was said to have lived for 152 years at his home in Banterbury. He is often referred to simply as Old Parr or Old Tom Parr
Nov 15 Princess Margaret Yolande of Savoy Princess of Savoy from birth and later Duchess consort of Parma. A proposed bride for her first cousin Louis XIV of France, she later married Ranuccio Farnese, son of the late Odoardo Farnese and Margherita de' Medici. She died in childbirth in 1663
Nov 22 Francis Willughby an English ornithologist and ichthyologist. He was a student, friend and colleague of the naturalist John Ray at Cambridge University, and shared some of his expeditions and interests. Ray saw Willughby's Ornithologia libri tres through the press after Willughby's sudden death
Nov 27 Françoise d'Aubigné Marquise de Maintenon the second wife of King Louis XIV of France. She was known during her first marriage as Madame Scarron, and subsequently as Madame de Maintenon. Her marriage to the king was never officially announced or admitted
Dec 28 Elizabeth Stuart (1635–1650) the second daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France. From the age of six until her early death at the age of fourteen she was a prisoner of Parliament during the English Civil War. Her emotional written account of her final meeting with her father on the eve of his execution and his final words to his children have been published in numerous histories about the war and King Charles I