Died in 1637

Feb 2 Tabanıyassı Mehmed Pasha an Ottoman statesman of Albanian descent. He was governor of Egypt from September 1628 to October 1630. He served as Grand Vizier from 18 May 1632 to 1633 under Sultan Murat During the early years of his term, he had the support of the sultan because his of services during the campaign in northwestern Iran. However, after sultan's return to Constantinople, Mehmed Pasha failed to defend the fort of Revan against the Persian counterattack, and the sultan dismissed him from his post. In his later years, he was appointed as the governor of Silistra. In 1637, Murat IV became suspicious of Mehmed Pasha and accused him of attempting to start a rebellion in parts of the Empire. The sultan first imprisoned him at the Yedikule Fortress and then executed him by drowning on 2 February 1637
Feb 5 Josyf Veliamyn Rutsky a Greek-Catholic Metropolitan bishop of Kyiv from 1613 to 1637. He worked to build the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church in the first few decades after the Union of Brest of 1596; he also reformed the Basilian monks
Feb 15 Ferdinand II Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor , King of Bohemia , and King of Hungary. His rule coincided with the Thirty Years' War
Mar 12 Cornelius a Lapide a Flemish Jesuit and exegete.
Mar 19 Péter Pázmány S.J. was a Hungarian Jesuit who was a noted philosopher, theologian, cardinal, pulpit orator and statesman. He was an important figure in the Counter-Reformation in Royal Hungary
Apr 30 Niwa Nagashige a Japanese daimyo who served the Oda clan. Nagashige was the eldest son of Niwa Nagahide and married an adopted daughter of Oda Nobunaga. He took part in his first campaign in 1583, assisting his father in the battles against Shibata Katsuie. In the Battle of Nagakute, at the age of thirteen, Nagashige led a troop of Niwa clan in the place of his father, who was ill
May 19 Isaac Beeckman a Dutch philosopher and scientist, who, through his studies and contact with leading natural philosophers, may have "virtually given birth to modern atomism".
Jun 24 Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc a French astronomer, antiquary and savant, who maintained a wide correspondence with scientists, and was a successful organizer of scientific inquiry. His research included a determination of the difference in longitude of various locations in Europe, around the Mediterranean, and in North Africa
Jul 12 Willem van Haecht a Flemish Baroque painter best known for his gallery pictures and the son of the landscape painter Tobias Verhaecht.
Jul 21 Daniel Sennert a renowned German physician and a prolific academic writer, especially in the field of alchemy or chemistry. He held the position of professor of medicine at the University of Wittenberg for many years
Aug 6 Ben Jonson an English playwright, poet, and literary critic of the seventeenth century, whose artistry exerted a lasting impact upon English poetry and stage comedy. He popularised the comedy of humours. He is best known for the satirical plays Every Man in His Humour , Volpone, or The Foxe , The Alchemist , and Bartholomew Fayre: A Comedy , and for his lyric poetry; he is generally regarded as the second most important English dramatist, after William Shakespeare, during the reign of James I
Aug 17 Johann Gerhard a Lutheran church leader and Lutheran Scholastic theologian during the period of Orthodoxy.
Sep 8 Robert Fludd a prominent English Paracelsian physician. He is remembered as an astrologer, mathematician, cosmologist, Qabalist and Rosicrucian apologist
Sep 14 Theodoor Rombouts a Flemish Baroque painter specializing in Caravaggesque genre scenes depicting lively dramatic gatherings.
Sep 14 Pierre Vernier a French mathematician and instrument inventor. He was inventor and eponym of the vernier scale used in measuring devices
Sep 21 William V Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel in the Holy Roman Empire from 1627 to 1637.
Sep 22 Charles Gonzaga Duke of Mantua and Montferrat Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1627 until his death. He was also Duke of Rethel and Nevers, as well as Prince of Arches
Sep 29 Lorenzo Ruiz the first Filipino saint venerated in the Roman Catholic Church; he is thus the protomartyr of the Philippines. He had gone to Japan with three missionaries and was killed for refusing to renounce his Roman Catholic beliefs during the persecution of Japanese Christians under the Tokugawa Shogunate in the 17th century
Oct 5 Daniel Cramer a German Lutheran theologian and writer from Reetz , Brandenburg. He was an opponent of the Ramists and the Jesuits
Oct 7 Victor Amadeus I Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1630 to 1637. He was also titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem. He was also known as the Lion of Susa
Oct 21 Laurens Reael an employee of the Dutch East India Company , Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1616 to 1619 and an admiral of the Dutch navy from 1625 to 1627.
Dec 19 Christina of Lorraine a member of the House of Lorraine and was the Grand Duchess of Tuscany by marriage. She served as Regent of Tuscany jointly with her daughter-in-law during the minority of her grandson from 1621
Dec 27 Vincenzo Giustiniani an aristocratic Italian banker, art collector and intellectual of the late 16th and early 17th centuries, known today largely for the Giustiniani art collection, assembled at Palazzo Giustiniani, close by the Pantheon, Rome, and at the family palazzo at Bassano by Vincenzo and his brother, Cardinal Benedetto, and for his patronage of the artist Caravaggio.