1639 in history

1639 events chronologically

Jan 14 The "Fundamental Orders", the first written constitution that created a government, is adopted in Connecticut
Mar 13 Harvard College is named after clergyman John Harvard
Apr 14 Imperial forces are defeated by the Swedes at the Battle of Chemnitz. The Swedish victory prolongs the Thirty Years' War and allows them to advance into Bohemia
Aug 22 Madras (now Chennai), India, is founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers

Top 7 most famous people born in 1639

Mar 20 Ivan Mazepa the Cossack Hetman of the Hetmanate in Left-bank Ukraine, from 1687–1708, and Prince of the Holy Roman Empire ad personam 1707-1709. He was famous as a patron of the arts, and also played an important role in the Battle of Poltava where after learning of Peter I's intent to relieve him as acting Hetman of Ukraine and replace him with Alexander Menshikov, he deserted his army and sided with Charles of Sweden. The politicization of this desertion has held a lasting legacy in both Russian and Ukrainian national history
Apr 3 Alessandro Stradella an Italian composer of the middle baroque. He enjoyed a dazzling career as a freelance composer, writing on commission, and collaborating with distinguished poets, producing over three hundred works in a variety of genres
May 8 Giovanni Battista Gaulli an Italian artist working in the High Baroque and early Rococo periods. He is best known for his grand illusionistic vault frescos in the Church of the Gesù in Rome, Italy. His work was influenced by Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Jun 21 Increase Mather a major figure in the early history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Province of Massachusetts Bay. He was a Puritan minister who was involved with the government of the colony, the administration of Harvard College, and most notoriously, the Salem witch trials. He was the son of Richard Mather, and the father of Cotton Mather, both influential Puritan ministers
Sep 29 William Russell Lord Russell an English politician. He was a leading member of the Country Party, forerunners of the Whigs, who laid the groundwork opposition in the House of Commons of England to the concept of a reign of an openly Catholic King during the reign of King Charles II but ultimately resulted in his execution for treason, almost two years before King Charles died and James acceded to the throne
Dec 18 Gottfried Kirch a German astronomer and the first 'Astronomer Royal' in Berlin and, as such, director of the nascent Berlin Observatory.
Dec 22 Jean Racine a French dramatist, one of the three great playwrights of 17th-century France , and an important literary figure in the Western tradition. Racine was primarily a tragedian, producing such "examples of neoclassical perfection" as Phèdre, Andromaque, and Athalie, although he did write one comedy, Les Plaideurs, and a muted tragedy, Esther, for the young

Top 7 most famous people died in 1639

Jan 20 Mustafa I the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1617 to 1618 and from 1622 to 1623.
May 21 Tommaso Campanella an Italian philosopher, theologian, astrologer, and poet.
Aug 4 Juan Ruiz de Alarcón born in New Spain.
Aug 20 Martin Opitz a German poet, regarded as the greatest of that nation during his lifetime.
Sep 20 Johannes Meursius a Dutch classical scholar and antiquary.
Oct 28 Stefano Landi an Italian composer and teacher of the early Baroque Roman School. He was an influential early composer of opera, and wrote the earliest opera on a historical subject: Sant'Alessio
Nov 3 Martin de Porres O.P. was a lay brother of the Dominican Order who was beatified in 1837 by Pope Gregory XVI and canonized in 1962 by Pope John XXIII. He is the patron saint of mixed-race people and all those seeking interracial harmony