1640 in history

1640 events chronologically

May 5 King Charles I of England dissolves the Short Parliament
Aug 28 Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn
Oct 26 The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I of England
Dec 1 End of the Iberian Union: Portugal acclaims as King João IV of Portugal, ending 60 years of personal union of the crowns of Portugal and Spain and the end of the rule of the Philippine Dynasty

Top 7 most famous people born in 1640

Mar 18 Philippe de La Hire a French mathematician and astronomer. According to Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle he was an "academy unto himself"
May 31 Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki ruler of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from September 29, 1669, to his death in 1673. Michael's reign was marked by struggles between the pro-Habsburg and pro-French political factions
Jun 5 Pu Songling a Qing Dynasty Chinese writer, best known as the author of Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio.
Sep 21 Philippe I Duke of Orléans the youngest son of Louis XIII of France and his wife, Anne of Austria. His older brother was Louis XIV, le roi soleil. Styled Duke of Anjou from birth, Philippe became Duke of Orléans upon the death of his uncle Gaston in 1660. In 1661, Philippe also received the dukedoms of Valois and Chartres. Following Philippe's victory in battle in 1671, Louis XIV added the dukedom of Nemours, the marquisates of Coucy and Folembray, and the countships of Dourdan and Romorantin. During the reign of his brother he was known simply as Monsieur, the traditional style at the court of France for the younger brother of the king
Oct 5 Françoise-Athénaïs marquise de Montespan the most celebrated maîtresse en titre of King Louis XIV of France, by whom she had seven children.
Nov 27 Barbara Palmer 1st Duchess of Cleveland an English courtesan from the Villiers family and perhaps the most notorious of the many mistresses of King Charles II of England, by whom she had five children, all of whom were acknowledged and subsequently ennobled. Her influence was so great that she has been referred to as "The Uncrowned Queen." Her immediate contemporary was Madame de Montespan, mistress of King Louis XIV of France
Nov 28 Willem de Vlamingh a Dutch sea-captain who explored the central west coast of Australia in the late 17th century.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1640

Jan 25 Robert Burton (scholar) an English scholar at Oxford University, best known for the classic The Anatomy of Melancholy. He was also the incumbent of St Thomas the Martyr, Oxford, and of Seagrave in Leicestershire
Feb 9 Murad IV the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, known both for restoring the authority of the state and for the brutality of his methods. Murad IV was born in Constantinople, the son of Sultan Ahmed I and the ethnic Greek Valide Kösem Sultan. Brought to power by a palace conspiracy in 1623, he succeeded his uncle Mustafa He was only 11 when he took the throne
Mar 17 Philip Massinger an English dramatist. His finely plotted plays, including A New Way to Pay Old Debts, The City Madam and The Roman Actor, are noted for their satire and realism, and their political and social themes
Apr 1 Paul Fleming (poet) a German physician and poet.
Apr 2 Maciej Kazimierz Sarbiewski Europe's most prominent Latin poet of the 17th century, and a renowned theoretician of poetics.
May 30 Peter Paul Rubens a Flemish Baroque painter, and a proponent of an extravagant Baroque style that emphasized movement, colour, and sensuality. He is well known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects
Dec 1 George William Elector of Brandenburg margrave and elector of Brandenburg and duke of Prussia from 1619 until his death. His reign was marked by ineffective governance during the Thirty Years' War. He was the father of Frederick William, the "Great Elector"