1641 in history

1641 events chronologically

Mar 11 Guaraní forces living in the Jesuit Reductions defeat bandeirantes loyal to the Portuguese Empire at the Battle of Mbororé in present-day Panambí, Argentina
Sep 23 The Merchant Royal, carrying a treasure worth over a billion US dollars, is lost at sea off Land's End
Oct 23 Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641

Top 7 most famous people born in 1641

Jan 18 François-Michel le Tellier Marquis de Louvois the French Secretary of State for War for a significant part of the reign of Louis XIV. Louvois and his father, Michel le Tellier, would increase the French Army to 400,000 soldiers, an army that would fight four wars between 1667 and 1713. He is commonly referred to as "Louvois"
May 8 Nicolaes Witsen a Dutch statesman who was mayor of Amsterdam thirteen times, between 1682-1706. In 1693 he became administrator of the VOC. In 1689 he was extraordinary-ambassador to the English court, and became Fellow of the Royal Society. In his free time he was cartographer, maritime writer, and an authority on shipbuilding. His books on the subject are important sources on Dutch shipbuilding in the 17th century. Furthermore, he was an expert on Russian affairs. He was the first to describe Siberia, Far East and Central Asia in his study Noord en Oost Tartarye
May 28 Johann Weikhard von Valvasor a natural historian from Carniola, present-day Slovenia, and a fellow of the Royal Society in London.
Jul 30 Regnier de Graaf a Dutch physician and anatomist who made key discoveries in reproductive biology. His first name is often spelled Reinier or Reynier
Sep 7 Tokugawa Ietsuna the fourth shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty of Japan who was in office from 1651 to 1680. He was the eldest son of Tokugawa Iemitsu, thus making him the grandson of Tokugawa Hidetada and the great-grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Sep 11 Gerard de Lairesse a Dutch Golden Age painter and art theorist. His broad range of talent included music, poetry, and theatre. De Lairesse was influenced by the Perugian Cesare Ripa and French classicist painters as Charles le Brun, Simon Vouet and authors as Pierre Corneille and Jean Racine. His importance grew in the period following the death of Rembrandt. His treatises on painting and drawing, Grondlegginge der teekenkonst , based on geometry and Groot Schilderboek , were highly influential on 18th-century painters
Sep 26 Nehemiah Grew an English plant anatomist and physiologist, very famously known as the "Father of Plant Anatomy".

Top 7 most famous people died in 1641

Jan 3 Jeremiah Horrocks an English astronomer. He was the first person to demonstrate that the Moon moved around the Earth in an elliptical orbit; and he was the only person to predict the transit of Venus of 1639, an event which he and his friend William Crabtree were the only two people to observe and record
Apr 6 Domenichino an Italian Baroque painter of the Bolognese School, or Carracci School, of painters.
May 12 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl of Strafford an English statesman and a major figure in the period leading up to the English Civil War. He served in Parliament and was a supporter of King Charles From 1632–39 he was Lord Deputy of Ireland. Recalled to England, he became a leading advisor to the king, attempting to strengthen the royal position against Parliament. When Parliament condemned him to death, Charles signed the death warrant and Wentworth was executed
Nov 9 Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church, Infante of Spain, Infante of Portugal , Archduke of Austria, Archbishop of Toledo , and military commander during the Thirty Years' War.
Dec 9 Anthony van Dyck a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and Flanders. He is most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England and his family and court, painted with a relaxed elegance that was to be the dominant influence on English portrait-painting for the next 150 years. He also painted biblical and mythological subjects, displayed outstanding facility as a draftsman, and was an important innovator in watercolour and etching
Dec 13 Jane Frances de Chantal a Roman Catholic Saint, who founded a religious order after the death of her husband.
Dec 22 Maximilien de Béthune Duke of Sully the doughty soldier, French minister, staunch Huguenot and faithful right-hand man who assisted king Henry IV of France in the rule of France. Historians emphasize Sully's role in building a strong centralized administrative system in France using coercion and highly effective new administrative techniques. His policies were not original, and most were reversed. Historians have also studied his neo-Stoicism and his ideas about virtue, prudence, and discipline