Born in 1641

Jan 18 François-Michel le Tellier Marquis de Louvois the French Secretary of State for War for a significant part of the reign of Louis XIV. Louvois and his father, Michel le Tellier, would increase the French Army to 400,000 soldiers, an army that would fight four wars between 1667 and 1713. He is commonly referred to as "Louvois"
Feb 3 Christian Albert Duke of Holstein-Gottorp a duke of Holstein-Gottorp and bishop of Lübeck.
Mar 19 Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi born in Damascus in 1641 into a family of Islamic scholarship. His father, Isma'il Abd al-Ghani, was a jurist in the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam and a contributor to Arabic literature. He was orphaned at an early age. Abd al-Ghani did not trace his descent to the city of as some laymen think, hence his surname Nabulsi has nothing to deal with the city of
Apr 8 Henry Sydney 1st Earl of Romney born in Paris, a son of Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester, of Penshurst Place in Kent, England, and his wife, born Lady Dorothy Percy, a daughter of Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland and sister of Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland.
Apr 15 Robert Sibbald a Scottish physician and antiquary.
May 8 Nicolaes Witsen a Dutch statesman who was mayor of Amsterdam thirteen times, between 1682-1706. In 1693 he became administrator of the VOC. In 1689 he was extraordinary-ambassador to the English court, and became Fellow of the Royal Society. In his free time he was cartographer, maritime writer, and an authority on shipbuilding. His books on the subject are important sources on Dutch shipbuilding in the 17th century. Furthermore, he was an expert on Russian affairs. He was the first to describe Siberia, Far East and Central Asia in his study Noord en Oost Tartarye
May 16 Dudley North (economist) an English merchant, politician and economist, a writer on free trade.
May 28 Johann Weikhard von Valvasor a natural historian from Carniola, present-day Slovenia, and a fellow of the Royal Society in London.
May 31 Patriarch Dositheos II of Jerusalem the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem between the years 1669-1707 and a theologian of the Orthodox Church. He was known for standing against influences of the Roman Catholic and Protestant Churches. He convened the Synod of Jerusalem to counter the Calvinist confessions of Cyril Lucaris
Jun 28 Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien consort to King John III Sobieski, from 1674 to 1696.
Jun 30 Meinhardt Schomberg 3rd Duke of Schomberg a general in the service of Prince William of Orange, later King William III of England. He fought in the Franco-Dutch War, then played a crucial role in the Battle of the Boyne in July 1690 during the Williamite War in Ireland and finally commanded the British troops deployed to Portugal during the War of the Spanish Succession
Jul 30 Regnier de Graaf a Dutch physician and anatomist who made key discoveries in reproductive biology. His first name is often spelled Reinier or Reynier
Aug 2 John Hathorne a merchant and magistrate of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Salem, Massachusetts. He is best known for his early and vocal role as one of the leading judges in the Salem witch trials
Sep 5 Robert Spencer 2nd Earl of Sunderland an English statesman and nobleman from the Spencer family. His sarcasm and bad temper, and his reputation as a ruthless advocate of absolute monarchy, made him numerous enemies, and he was forced to flee abroad in 1688, but later underwent a political rehabilitation. In his last years he appeared in a somewhat different light as a disinterested adviser to the Crown who neither sought nor wished for office. By the standards of the Restoration Court, his private life was remarkably free from scandal
Sep 7 Tokugawa Ietsuna the fourth shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty of Japan who was in office from 1651 to 1680. He was the eldest son of Tokugawa Iemitsu, thus making him the grandson of Tokugawa Hidetada and the great-grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Sep 11 Gerard de Lairesse a Dutch Golden Age painter and art theorist. His broad range of talent included music, poetry, and theatre. De Lairesse was influenced by the Perugian Cesare Ripa and French classicist painters as Charles le Brun, Simon Vouet and authors as Pierre Corneille and Jean Racine. His importance grew in the period following the death of Rembrandt. His treatises on painting and drawing, Grondlegginge der teekenkonst , based on geometry and Groot Schilderboek , were highly influential on 18th-century painters
Sep 22 Titus van Rijn the fourth and only surviving child of Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn and Saskia van Uylenburgh. Titus is best known as a figure or model in his father's paintings and studies
Sep 26 Nehemiah Grew an English plant anatomist and physiologist, very famously known as the "Father of Plant Anatomy".
Oct 1 Hans Adam von Schöning a Generalfeldmarschall in the service of Brandenburg-Prussia and the Electorate of Saxony.
Oct 6 Matthijs Quast a Dutch explorer in the seventeenth century. He had made several voyages for the VOC to Japan, China and Siam
Oct 14 Joachim Tielke a German maker of musical instruments. He was born in Königsberg, Prussia, and died in Hamburg
Nov 23 Anthonie Heinsius a Dutch statesman who served as Grand Pensionary of Holland from 1689 to his death in 1720.
Dec 20 Urban Hjärne a Swedish chemist, geologist, physician and writer.