Died in 1641

Jan 3 Jeremiah Horrocks an English astronomer. He was the first person to demonstrate that the Moon moved around the Earth in an elliptical orbit; and he was the only person to predict the transit of Venus of 1639, an event which he and his friend William Crabtree were the only two people to observe and record
Jan 4 Francis Clifford 4th Earl of Cumberland a member of the Clifford family which held the seat of Skipton from 1310 to 1676.
Jan 11 Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar Spanish poet, scholar and painter in the Siglo de Oro.
Jan 11 Franciscus Gomarus a Dutch theologian, a strict Calvinist and an opponent of the teaching of Jacobus Arminius , whose theological disputes were addressed at the Synod of Dort.
Jan 27 Marcin Wadowita a Polish priest, theologian, professor and chancellor of the Jagiellonian University.
Feb 13 Andrzej Rej (diplomat) a Polish diplomat. Educated in Altdorf bei Nürnberg and Leiden, he was sent on a diplomatic mission to the Danish, British and Dutch courts in 1637 - he is one of the possible candidates for the subject of Rembrandt's A Polish Nobleman
Mar 8 Xu Xiake a Chinese travel writer and geographer of the Ming Dynasty , known best for his famous geographical treatise, and noted for his bravery and humility. He traveled throughout China for more than 30 years, documenting his travels extensively. The records of his travels were compiled posthumously in The Travel Diaries Xu Xiake, and his work translated by Ding Wenjiang. Xu's writing falls under the old Chinese literary category of 'travel record literature' , which used narrative and prose styles of writing to portray one's travel experiences
Apr 6 Domenichino an Italian Baroque painter of the Bolognese School, or Carracci School, of painters.
Apr 13 Richard Montagu an English cleric and prelate.
Apr 26 Hosokawa Tadatoshi a Japanese samurai daimyo of the early Edo period. He was the head of Kumamoto Domain. He was a patron of the martial artist Miyamoto Musashi
Apr 28 Hans Georg von Arnim-Boitzenburg a German general. At different times during the Thirty Years' War, he was a Field Marshal for the Holy Roman Empire and Field Marshal for its opponent the Electorate of Saxony. He also pursued various diplomatic tasks
May 10 Johan Banér a Swedish Field Marshal in the Thirty Years' War.
May 12 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl of Strafford an English statesman and a major figure in the period leading up to the English Civil War. He served in Parliament and was a supporter of King Charles From 1632–39 he was Lord Deputy of Ireland. Recalled to England, he became a leading advisor to the king, attempting to strengthen the royal position against Parliament. When Parliament condemned him to death, Charles signed the death warrant and Wentworth was executed
Jun 12 Abul-Hasan ibn Mirza Ghiyas Beg the father of Arjumand Banu Begum, also known as Mumtaz Mahal, who was the wife of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, the Emperor of India. Asaf Khan was also the elder brother of empress Nur Jahan, the consort of Shah Jahan's father, Jahangir. He was of Mughal descent. His other daughter Parwar Khanam was married to Mohtashim Khan, the son of Mughal Emperor Jahangir's foster brother Qutubuddin Koka. Her mausoleum is located in Sheikhpur, Budaun
Jun 27 Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt a Dutch Golden Age painter.
Jul 4 Pedro Teixeira a Portuguese explorer who became, in 1637, the first European to travel up the entire length of the Amazon River.
Jul 6 Louis Count of Soissons Count of Soissons. He was the son of Charles de Bourbon, Count of Soissons and Anne de Montafié. He was the second cousin of King Louis XIII of France and a held the rank of prince of the blood
Jul 21 Thomas Mun an English writer on economics who has been called the last of the early mercantilists. He was among the first to recognize the exportation of service, or invisible items, as valuable trade, and made early statements strongly in support of capitalism. He had a set of "means to enrich a kingdom" which supported foreign trade by means of exporting more than importing. In other words if you spend more than you make then your wealth will decrease. In order to increase your exports and decrease your imports he said that you must: 1. use all available resources, 2. Don't follow trends and if you do follow trends then only follow domestic ones, 3. export through your own means, and 4. if it is too expensive to buy locally then people will buy somewhere else
Aug 16 Thomas Heywood a prominent English playwright, actor, and author whose peak period of activity falls between late Elizabethan and early Jacobean theatre.
Aug 23 John Leslie 6th Earl of Rothes a Scottish nobleman, one of the main leaders of the Covenanters.
Sep 10 Ambrose Barlow venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. He is one of a group of saints canonized by Pope Paul VI who became known as the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
Oct 31 Cornelis Jol a 17th-Century Dutch corsair and admiral in the Dutch West India Company during the Eighty Years' War between Spain and the fledgling Dutch Republic. He was one of several early buccaneers to attack Campeche, looting the settlement in 1633, and was active against the Spanish in the Spanish Main and throughout the Caribbean during the 1630s and 40s
Nov 1 Jan van de Velde a Dutch Golden Age painter and engraver of animal, landscape and still-life subjects. He was the son of Jan van de Velde the Elder and the father of the still life painter Jan Jansz van de Velde
Nov 9 Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church, Infante of Spain, Infante of Portugal , Archduke of Austria, Archbishop of Toledo , and military commander during the Thirty Years' War.
Dec 9 Anthony van Dyck a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and Flanders. He is most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England and his family and court, painted with a relaxed elegance that was to be the dominant influence on English portrait-painting for the next 150 years. He also painted biblical and mythological subjects, displayed outstanding facility as a draftsman, and was an important innovator in watercolour and etching
Dec 13 Jane Frances de Chantal a Roman Catholic Saint, who founded a religious order after the death of her husband.
Dec 22 Maximilien de Béthune Duke of Sully the doughty soldier, French minister, staunch Huguenot and faithful right-hand man who assisted king Henry IV of France in the rule of France. Historians emphasize Sully's role in building a strong centralized administrative system in France using coercion and highly effective new administrative techniques. His policies were not original, and most were reversed. Historians have also studied his neo-Stoicism and his ideas about virtue, prudence, and discipline