1642 in history

1642 events chronologically

Jan 4 King Charles I of England sends soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England's slide into civil war
Mar 1 Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine), becomes the first incorporated city in the United States
Apr 15 Irish Confederate Wars: A Confederate Irish militia is routed in the Battle of Kilrush when it attempts to halt the progress of a Parliamentarian army
May 17 Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve (1612–1676) founds the Ville Marie de Montréal
May 30 From this date all honors granted by Charles I are retrospectively annulled by Parliament
Aug 22 Charles I calls the English Parliament traitors. The English Civil War begins
Sep 23 First commencement exercises occur at Harvard College

Top 7 most famous people born in 1642

Jan 2 Mehmed IV the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his reign was significant as he changed the nature of the Sultan's position forever by giving up most of his executive power to his Grand Vizier
Apr 15 Suleiman II the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1687 to 1691.
Aug 14 Cosimo III de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany the penultimate Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany. He reigned from 1670 to 1723, and was the elder son of Grand Duke Ferdinando Cosimo's 53-year-long reign, the longest in Tuscan history, was marked by a series of ultra-reactionary laws which regulated prostitution and banned May celebrations. His reign also witnessed Tuscany's deterioration to previously unknown economic lows. He was succeeded by his elder surviving son, Gian Gastone, when he died, in 1723
Nov 11 André Charles Boulle generally considered to be the preeminent artist in the field of marquetry, even "the most remarkable of all French cabinetmakers." His fame in marquetry led to his name being given to the fashion he perfected of inlaying brass and tortoiseshell, known as Boulle.
Nov 24 Anne Hilarion de Tourville a French naval commander who served under King Louis XIV. He was made Marshal of France in 1693
Nov 30 Andrea Pozzo an Italian Jesuit Brother, Baroque painter and architect, decorator, stage designer, and art theoretician.
Dec 6 Johann Christoph Bach a German composer and organist of the Baroque period. He was born at Arnstadt, the son of Heinrich Bach, Johann Sebastian Bach's great uncle, hence he was Johann Sebastian's first cousin once removed. He was also the uncle of Maria Barbara Bach, J.S. Bach's first wife. He is not to be confused with Johann Sebastian Bach's son, Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach

Top 7 most famous people died in 1642

Jan 8 Galileo Galilei an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism. Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of science", and "the father of modern science"
Apr 30 Dmitry Pozharsky Mikhaylovich Pozharsky , a Rurikid prince, led Russian forces against Polish-Lithuanian invaders in 1611-1612 towards the end of the Time of Troubles. He obtained from Mikhail I of Russia the unprecedented title Saviour of the Motherland
Jun 14 Saskia van Uylenburgh the wife of painter Rembrandt van Rijn. In the course of her life she was his model for some of his paintings, drawings and etchings. She was the daughter of a Frisian mayor
Jul 3 Marie de' Medici Queen of France as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, of the House of Bourbon. She herself was a member of the wealthy and powerful House of Medici. Following the assassination of her husband in 1610, which occurred the day after her coronation, she acted as regent for her son, King Louis XIII of France, until he came of age. She was noted for her ceaseless political intrigues at the French court and extensive artistic patronage
Aug 18 Guido Reni an Italian painter of high-Baroque style.
Sep 29 William Stanley 6th Earl of Derby an English nobleman. Stanley inherited a prominent social position that was both dangerous and unstable, as his mother was heir to Queen Elizabeth I under the Third Succession Act, a position inherited in 1596 by his deceased brother's oldest daughter, Anne, two years after William had inherited the Earldom from his brother. After a period of European travel in his youth, a long legal battle eventually consolidated his social position. Nevertheless, he was careful to remain circumspect in national politics, devoting himself to administration and cultural projects, including playwriting
Dec 4 Cardinal Richelieu a French clergyman, noble and statesman. He was consecrated as a bishop in 1607 and was appointed Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in 1616. Richelieu soon rose in both the Catholic Church and the French government, becoming a Cardinal in 1622, and King Louis XIII's chief minister in 1624. He remained in office until his death in 1642; he was succeeded by Cardinal Mazarin, whose career he had fostered