Died in 1642

Jan 8 Galileo Galilei an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism. Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of science", and "the father of modern science"
Feb 7 William Bedell The Rev. William Bedell, D.D. , was an Anglican churchman who served as Lord Bishop of Kilmore became a martyr of the Reformation during the Irish Rebellion of 1641
Mar 14 John de Critz one of a number of painters of Flemish and Dutch origin active at the English royal court during the reigns of James I of England and Charles I of England. He held the post of Serjeant Painter to the king from 1603, at first jointly with Leonard Fryer and from 1610 jointly with Robert Peake the Elder
Mar 23 Andries Both a Dutch Golden Age genre painter, one of the bamboccianti, and brother of Jan Dirksz Both.
Apr 30 Dmitry Pozharsky Mikhaylovich Pozharsky , a Rurikid prince, led Russian forces against Polish-Lithuanian invaders in 1611-1612 towards the end of the Time of Troubles. He obtained from Mikhail I of Russia the unprecedented title Saviour of the Motherland
May 6 Frans Francken the Younger the best-known member of the large Francken family of artists because of his innovations in genre painting and his introduction of new subject matter.
May 12 Safi of Persia Shah of Iran from 1629 to 1642. He was the sixth ruler of the Safavid dynasty
Jun 14 Saskia van Uylenburgh the wife of painter Rembrandt van Rijn. In the course of her life she was his model for some of his paintings, drawings and etchings. She was the daughter of a Frisian mayor
Jul 3 Marie de' Medici Queen of France as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, of the House of Bourbon. She herself was a member of the wealthy and powerful House of Medici. Following the assassination of her husband in 1610, which occurred the day after her coronation, she acted as regent for her son, King Louis XIII of France, until he came of age. She was noted for her ceaseless political intrigues at the French court and extensive artistic patronage
Aug 17 Friedrich Kettler Duke of Courland from 1587 to 1642.
Aug 18 Guido Reni an Italian painter of high-Baroque style.
Sep 3 Countess Elisabeth of Nassau the second daughter of prince William of Orange and his third spouse Charlotte of Bourbon. She was Duchess of Bouillon by marriage
Sep 12 Henri Coiffier de Ruzé Marquis of Cinq-Mars a favourite of King Louis XIII of France who led the last and most nearly successful of the many conspiracies against the king's powerful first minister, the Cardinal Richelieu.
Sep 29 René Goupil S.J. was a French Jesuit lay missionary, who became a lay brother of the Society of Jesus shortly before his death. He was the first of the North American Martyrs of the Roman Catholic Church to receive the crown of martyrdom and the first canonized Catholic martyr in North America
Sep 29 William Stanley 6th Earl of Derby an English nobleman. Stanley inherited a prominent social position that was both dangerous and unstable, as his mother was heir to Queen Elizabeth I under the Third Succession Act, a position inherited in 1596 by his deceased brother's oldest daughter, Anne, two years after William had inherited the Earldom from his brother. After a period of European travel in his youth, a long legal battle eventually consolidated his social position. Nevertheless, he was careful to remain circumspect in national politics, devoting himself to administration and cultural projects, including playwriting
Nov 1 Jean Nicolet now the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
Nov 5 Zygmunt Karol Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble, komorzy stolowicki from 1614, poznanski from 1625, krajczy of the queen from 1617, krajczy or Lithuania from 1633, podczaszy of Lithuania from 1638, voivode of Nowogródek from 1642, member of Knights Hospitaller , patron of Knight Hospitallers centers in Poznań and Stwołowce.
Nov 7 Henry Montagu 1st Earl of Manchester an English judge, politician and peer.
Dec 4 Cardinal Richelieu a French clergyman, noble and statesman. He was consecrated as a bishop in 1607 and was appointed Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in 1616. Richelieu soon rose in both the Catholic Church and the French government, becoming a Cardinal in 1622, and King Louis XIII's chief minister in 1624. He remained in office until his death in 1642; he was succeeded by Cardinal Mazarin, whose career he had fostered