1642 events in history

Jan 4 King Charles I of England sends soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England's slide into civil war
Mar 1 Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine), becomes the first incorporated city in the United States
Apr 15 Irish Confederate Wars: A Confederate Irish militia is routed in the Battle of Kilrush when it attempts to halt the progress of a Parliamentarian army
May 17 Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve (1612–1676) founds the Ville Marie de Montréal
May 30 From this date all honors granted by Charles I are retrospectively annulled by Parliament
Aug 22 Charles I calls the English Parliament traitors. The English Civil War begins
Sep 23 First commencement exercises occur at Harvard College
Oct 23 Battle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War
Nov 13 First English Civil War: Battle of Turnham Green: The Royalist forces withdraw in the face of the Parliamentarian army and fail to take London
Nov 24 Abel Tasman becomes the first European to discover the island Van Diemen's Land (later renamed Tasmania)
Dec 13 Abel Tasman reaches New Zealand