1643 in history

1643 events chronologically

May 14 Four-year-old Louis XIV becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Louis XIII
May 19 Thirty Years' War: French forces under the duc d'Enghien decisively defeat Spanish forces at the Battle of Rocroi, marking the symbolic end of Spain as a dominant land power
Jul 1 First meeting of the Westminster Assembly, a council of theologians ("divines") and members of the Parliament of England appointed to restructure the Church of England, at Westminster Abbey in London
Jul 13 English Civil War: Battle of Roundway Down – In England, Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, commanding the Royalist forces, heavily defeats the Parliamentarian forces led by Sir William Waller
Dec 13 English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire
Dec 25 Christmas Island found and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Company vessel, the Royal Mary

Top 7 most famous people born in 1643

Feb 25 Ahmed II the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1691 to 1695. Ahmed II was born at Topkapı Palace, Constantinople, the son of Sultan Ibrahim by Valide Sultan Hatice Muazzez, and succeeded his brother Suleiman II in 1691
Mar 23 Mary of Jesus de León y Delgado a Spanish Dominican nun, mystic and visionary, known popularly as "La Siervita". She lived a life which was austere and simple, and many miracles were attributed to her, as well as levitation, ecstasy, bilocation, the stigmata, clairvoyance and healing, among others
Apr 3 Charles V Duke of Lorraine Karl Leopold, , son of Nicolas François, Duke of Lorraine, and Claude Françoise de Lorraine. Karl Leopold was born in Vienna and became the brother in law of Emperor Leopold and son in law of emperor Ferdinand III. He was a second cousin once removed of his contemporary Louis XIV through the king's grandmother Marie de' Medici.From a long established family of Lothringen, who had to take refuge from the forces of France. However, he managed to become the titular Duke of Lorraine in 1675 at a time when Lorraine was occupied by France. Since 1663 he had been in imperial Habsburg service and had a very notable military career. In 1675 he became imperial generalissimo
Aug 21 Afonso VI of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarves, the second of the House of Braganza, known as "the Victorious".
Nov 16 Jean Chardin regarded as one of the finest works of early Western scholarship on Persia and the Near East.
Nov 21 René-Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle a French explorer. He explored the Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada, the Mississippi River, and the Gulf of Mexico. La Salle claimed the entire Mississippi River basin for France
Dec 10 Johann Adam Reincken a Dutch/German organist and composer. He was one of the most important German composers of the 17th century, a friend of Dieterich Buxtehude and a major influence on Johann Sebastian Bach; however, very few of his works survive to this day

Top 7 most famous people died in 1643

Mar 1 Girolamo Frescobaldi a musician from Ferrara, one of the most important composers of keyboard music in the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods. A child prodigy, Frescobaldi studied under Luzzasco Luzzaschi in Ferrara, but was influenced by a large number of composers, including Ascanio Mayone, Giovanni Maria Trabaci, and Claudio Merulo. Girolamo Frescobaldi was appointed “organist” of Peter's Basilica, a focal point of power for the Capella Giulia from July 21, 1608 until 1628 and again from 1634 until his death
May 14 Louis XIII of France a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged to the French crown.
Aug 7 Hendrik Brouwer a Dutch explorer, admiral, and colonial administrator both in Japan and the Dutch East Indies.
Sep 21 Hong Taiji an Emperor of the Qing dynasty. He was responsible for consolidating the empire that his father Nurhaci had founded. He laid the groundwork for the conquering of the Ming dynasty, although he died before this was accomplished. He was also responsible for changing the name of his people from Jurchen to Manchu in 1635, as well as that of the dynasty from Later Jin to Qing in 1636. The Qing dynasty lasted until 1912
Nov 3 Paul Guldin a Swiss Jesuit mathematician and astronomer. He discovered the Guldinus theorem to determine the surface and the volume of a solid of revolution. Guldin was noted for his association with the German mathematician and astronomer Johannes Kepler
Nov 29 Claudio Monteverdi an Italian composer, gambist, singer and Roman Catholic priest.
Dec 8 John Pym an English parliamentarian, leader of the Long Parliament and a prominent critic of Kings James I and then Charles He was one of the Five Members whose attempted arrest by King Charles I in the House of Commons of England in 1642 sparked the Civil War.