Died in 1643

Feb 25 Marco da Gagliano an Italian composer of the early Baroque era. He was important in the early history of opera and the development of the solo and concerted madrigal
Mar 1 Girolamo Frescobaldi a musician from Ferrara, one of the most important composers of keyboard music in the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods. A child prodigy, Frescobaldi studied under Luzzasco Luzzaschi in Ferrara, but was influenced by a large number of composers, including Ascanio Mayone, Giovanni Maria Trabaci, and Claudio Merulo. Girolamo Frescobaldi was appointed “organist” of Peter's Basilica, a focal point of power for the Capella Giulia from July 21, 1608 until 1628 and again from 1634 until his death
Apr 4 Simon Episcopius a Dutch theologian and Remonstrant who played a significant role at the Synod of Dort in 1618. His name is the Latinized form of his Dutch name Simon Bischop
Apr 9 Benedetto Castelli an Italian mathematician. Benedetto was his name in religion on entering the Benedictine Order in 1595
Apr 13 Margherita Farnese a daughter of Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma and Infanta Maria of Guimarães. She was named after her father's mother Margaret of Parma, natural daughter of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Apr 20 Christoph Demantius a German composer, music theorist, writer and poet. He was an exact contemporary of Monteverdi, and represented a transitional phase in German Lutheran music from the polyphonic Renaissance style to the early Baroque
Apr 28 Francisco de Lucena a Portuguese nobleman and King John IV's first Secretary of State , and the first after the Restoration War and end of the Iberian Union. He made many enemies during his term in office, and was rumoured to be fraternising with the Spanish Crown, which led to his imprisonment and, later, his execution
May 14 Louis XIII of France a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged to the French crown.
May 17 Giovanni Picchi an Italian composer, organist, lutenist, and harpsichordist of the early Baroque era. He was a late follower of the Venetian School, and was influential in the development and differentiation of instrumental forms which were just beginning to appear, such as the sonata and the ensemble canzona; in addition he was the only Venetian of his time to write dance music for harpsichord
Jul 12 François Duquesnoy a Flemish Baroque sculptor in Rome. His more idealized representations are often contrasted with the emotional character of Bernini's works, while his style shows greater affinity to Algardi's sculptures
Jul 25 Robert Pierrepont 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull an English nobleman who joined the Royalist side in the English Civil War after some delay and became lieutenant-general of the counties of Lincoln, Rutland, Huntingdon, Cambridge and Norfolk. He was killed in a friendly fire incident after being captured by Parliamentary forces
Aug 7 Margaret of Brunswick-Lüneburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Welf and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Coburg.
Aug 7 Hendrik Brouwer a Dutch explorer, admiral, and colonial administrator both in Japan and the Dutch East Indies.
Aug 22 Johann Georg Wirsung a German anatomist who was a long-time prosector in Padua.
Sep 15 Richard Boyle 1st Earl of Cork Lord Treasurer of the Kingdom of Ireland.
Sep 20 Lucius Cary 2nd Viscount Falkland an English author and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1642. He fought on the Royalist side in the English Civil War and was killed in action at the First Battle of Newbury
Sep 21 Hong Taiji an Emperor of the Qing dynasty. He was responsible for consolidating the empire that his father Nurhaci had founded. He laid the groundwork for the conquering of the Ming dynasty, although he died before this was accomplished. He was also responsible for changing the name of his people from Jurchen to Manchu in 1635, as well as that of the dynasty from Later Jin to Qing in 1636. The Qing dynasty lasted until 1912
Oct 1 Solomon Stoddard the pastor of the Congregationalist Church in Northampton, He succeeded the Rev. Eleazer Mather, marrying his widow around 1670. Stoddard significantly liberalized church policy while promoting more power for the clergy, decrying drinking and extravagance, and urging the preaching of hellfire and the Judgment. The major religious leader of what was then the frontier, he was concerned with the lives of second-generation Puritans. The well-known theologian Jonathan Edwards was his grandson, because Solomon's daughter Esther Stoddard was Jonathan's mother
Oct 6 Jean du Vergier de Hauranne a French Catholic priest who introduced Jansenism into France.
Nov 3 Paul Guldin a Swiss Jesuit mathematician and astronomer. He discovered the Guldinus theorem to determine the surface and the volume of a solid of revolution. Guldin was noted for his association with the German mathematician and astronomer Johannes Kepler
Nov 3 John Bainbridge (astronomer) an English astronomer and mathematician.
Nov 17 Jean-Baptiste Budes Comte de Guébriant marshal of France.
Nov 29 Claudio Monteverdi an Italian composer, gambist, singer and Roman Catholic priest.
Nov 29 William Cartwright (dramatist) an English poet, dramatist and churchman.
Dec 8 John Pym an English parliamentarian, leader of the Long Parliament and a prominent critic of Kings James I and then Charles He was one of the Five Members whose attempted arrest by King Charles I in the House of Commons of England in 1642 sparked the Civil War.