1644 in history

1644 events chronologically

Feb 29 Abel Tasman's second Pacific voyage began
Mar 18 The Third Anglo-Powhatan War begins in the Colony of Virginia
Apr 25 The Chongzhen Emperor, the last Emperor of Ming Dynasty China, commits suicide during a peasant rebellion led by Li Zicheng
May 25 Ming general Wu Sangui forms an alliance with the invading Manchus and opens the gates of the Great Wall of China at Shanhaiguan pass, letting the Manchus through towards the capital Beijing
May 26 Portuguese Restoration War: Portuguese and Spanish forces both claim victory in the Battle of Montijo
May 27 Manchu regent Dorgon defeats rebel leader Li Zicheng of the Shun dynasty at the Battle of Shanhai Pass, allowing the Manchus to enter and conquer the capital city of Beijing
May 28 Bolton Massacre by Royalist troops under the command of James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby

Top 7 most famous people born in 1644

Feb 12 Jakob Ammann an Anabaptist leader and namesake of the Amish religious movement.
Apr 11 Marie Jeanne Baptiste of Savoy-Nemours born a Princess of Savoy and was later the Duchess of Savoy. Married by proxy to Charles of Lorraine in 1662, Lorraine soon refused to recognise the union. Despite this, she married Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy in 1665 who was her second cousin once removed. The mother of the future Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia who saw the elevation of the House of Savoy to kings, she styled herself as Madama Reale or Madame Royale and acted as Regent of Savoy from 1675 in the name of her son Victor Amadeus II who was his successor. Her regency officially ended in 1680 but she maintained power for four years until her son banished her from further influence in the state. She left a considerable architectural legacy in Turin and was responsible for the remodelling of the Palazzo Madama which was her private residence. At the time of her death she was the mother of the King of Sardinia as well as great grandmother of the King of Spain and King of France
Jun 16 Henrietta of England the youngest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France. Fleeing England with her governess at the age of three, she moved to the court of her first cousin Louis XIV of France, where she was known as Minette. After she married Philippe of France, brother of King Louis XIV, known as Monsieur at court, she became known as Madame. Very popular with the court, her marriage was marked by frequent tensions. Henrietta was instrumental in negotiating the Secret Treaty of Dover prior to her unexpected death in June 1670. Jacobite claims to the throne of Great Britain following the death of Henry Benedict Stuart descend from her through her daughter Anne Marie, Queen of Sardinia
Aug 6 Louise de La Vallière a mistress of Louis XIV of France from 1661 to 1667. She later became the Duchess of La Vallière and Duchess of Vaujours in her own right. Unlike her rival, Madame de Montespan, she has no surviving descendants. Louise was also very religious and she led a religious penance for herself near the end of her life
Aug 12 Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber a Bohemian-Austrian composer and violinist. Born in the small Bohemian town of Wartenberg , Biber worked at Graz and Kroměříž before he illegally left his Kremsier employer and settled in Salzburg. He remained there for the rest of his life, publishing much of his music but apparently seldom, if ever, giving concert tours
Sep 25 Ole Rømer a Danish astronomer who in 1676 made the first quantitative measurements of the speed of light. In scientific literature alternative spellings such as "Roemer", "Römer", or "Romer" are common
Oct 14 William Penn an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He was an early advocate of democracy and religious freedom, notable for his good relations and successful treaties with the Lenape Indians. Under his direction, the city of Philadelphia was planned and developed

Top 7 most famous people died in 1644

Mar 19 Guru Hargobind Har Gobind, also Saccha Padshah. According to another tradition, he was born on 5 July 1595. He was the sixth of the Sikh gurus and became Guru on 25 May 1606 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Arjan Dev. He was not, perhaps, more than eleven at his father's execution. Though he waged war against Muslims atrocities all his life, he died peacefully at the age of 48. Most of the historians of Mughal India look at it simplistically from a political angle but the war by several Sikh Gurus against Mughals and their killing by Muslims is a long series of widespread systematic religious persecutions that Hindus and Sikhs suffered at the hands of Muslims Before ascension, he nominated Guru Har Rai, his grandson as the next Guru of the Sikhs
Mar 24 Cecilia Renata of Austria Queen of Poland as consort to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's King Władysław IV Vasa.
Apr 25 Chongzhen Emperor the 16th and last emperor of the Ming Dynasty in China. He reigned from 1627 to 1644, under an era name that means "honorable and auspicious"
Jul 29 Pope Urban VIII Pope from 6 August 1623 to his death in 1644. He was the last pope to expand the papal territory by force of arms, and was a prominent patron of the arts and reformer of Church missions
Aug 2 Bernardo Strozzi a prominent and prolific Italian Baroque painter born and active mainly in Genoa, and also active in Venice.
Oct 6 Elisabeth of France (1602–1644) Queen consort of Spain and Portugal as the first wife of King Philip IV of Spain. She was the eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second spouse Marie de' Medici. As a daughter of the king of France, she was born a Fille de France. As the eldest daughter of the king, she was known at court by the traditional honorific of Madame Royale
Dec 30 Jan Baptist van Helmont a Flemish chemist, physiologist, and physician. He worked during the years just after Paracelsus and iatrochemistry, and is sometimes considered to be "the founder of pneumatic chemistry". Van Helmont is remembered today largely for his ideas on spontaneous generation, his 5-year tree experiment, and his introduction of the word "gas" into the vocabulary of scientists