Died in 1644

Jan 30 William Chillingworth a controversial English churchman.
Jan 31 Kemankeş Mustafa Pasha an Ottoman military officer and statesman. He served as Kapudan Pasha and as grand vizier
Mar 15 Countess Louise Juliana of Nassau the eldest daughter of William of Nassau, Prince of Orange and his third spouse Charlotte de Bourbon-Montpensier.
Mar 19 Guru Hargobind Har Gobind, also Saccha Padshah. According to another tradition, he was born on 5 July 1595. He was the sixth of the Sikh gurus and became Guru on 25 May 1606 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Arjan Dev. He was not, perhaps, more than eleven at his father's execution. Though he waged war against Muslims atrocities all his life, he died peacefully at the age of 48. Most of the historians of Mughal India look at it simplistically from a political angle but the war by several Sikh Gurus against Mughals and their killing by Muslims is a long series of widespread systematic religious persecutions that Hindus and Sikhs suffered at the hands of Muslims Before ascension, he nominated Guru Har Rai, his grandson as the next Guru of the Sikhs
Mar 24 Cecilia Renata of Austria Queen of Poland as consort to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's King Władysław IV Vasa.
Apr 21 Torsten Stålhandske a Finnish officer in the Swedish army during the Thirty Years' War.
Apr 25 Chongzhen Emperor the 16th and last emperor of the Ming Dynasty in China. He reigned from 1627 to 1644, under an era name that means "honorable and auspicious"
Jul 29 Pope Urban VIII Pope from 6 August 1623 to his death in 1644. He was the last pope to expand the papal territory by force of arms, and was a prominent patron of the arts and reformer of Church missions
Aug 2 Bernardo Strozzi a prominent and prolific Italian Baroque painter born and active mainly in Genoa, and also active in Venice.
Sep 7 Guido Bentivoglio an Italian cardinal, statesman and historian.
Sep 8 John Coke an English office holder and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1629.
Sep 8 Francis Quarles an English poet most famous for his Emblem book aptly entitled Emblems.
Oct 6 Elisabeth of France (1602–1644) Queen consort of Spain and Portugal as the first wife of King Philip IV of Spain. She was the eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second spouse Marie de' Medici. As a daughter of the king of France, she was born a Fille de France. As the eldest daughter of the king, she was known at court by the traditional honorific of Madame Royale
Nov 10 Luis Vélez de Guevara a Spanish dramatist and novelist. He was born at Écija and was of Jewish converso descent. After graduating as a sizar at the University of Osuna in 1596, he joined the household of Rodrigo de Castro, Cardinal-Archbishop of Seville, and celebrated the marriage of Philip II in a poem signed Vélez de Santander, a name which he continued to use till some years later
Nov 27 Francisco Pacheco an important source for the study of 17th-century practice in Spain. He is described by some as the Vasari of Seville: voluble and didactic about his theories of painting and thoughts about painters, conventional and uninspired in his executions
Dec 20 Albert IV Duke of Saxe-Eisenach a ruler of the duchy of Saxe-Eisenach. He was the seventh son of Johann, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, and Dorothea Maria of Anhalt. His regnal name Albert IV derives from the numbering of the duchy of Saxony as a whole, not specifically to the succession in Saxe-Eisenach
Dec 30 Jan Baptist van Helmont a Flemish chemist, physiologist, and physician. He worked during the years just after Paracelsus and iatrochemistry, and is sometimes considered to be "the founder of pneumatic chemistry". Van Helmont is remembered today largely for his ideas on spontaneous generation, his 5-year tree experiment, and his introduction of the word "gas" into the vocabulary of scientists