1645 in history

1645 events chronologically

Jan 10 Archbishop William Laud is beheaded at the Tower of London
Jun 14 English Civil War: Battle of Naseby – 12,000 Royalist forces are beaten by 15,000 Parliamentarian soldiers
Jul 10 English Civil War: The Battle of Langport takes place
Jul 21 Qing Dynasty regent Dorgon issues an edict ordering all Han Chinese men to shave their forehead and braid the rest of their hair into a queue identical to those of the Manchus
Aug 3 Thirty Years' War: the Second Battle of Nördlingen sees French forces defeating those of the Holy Roman Empire
Sep 24 Battle of Rowton Heath, Parliamentarian victory over a Royalist army commanded in person by King Charles
Oct 8 Jeanne Mance opened the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, the first lay hospital in North America

Top 7 most famous people born in 1645

Mar 4 Johann Ambrosius Bach a German musician, father to Johann Sebastian Bach.
May 15 George Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys a Welsh judge. He became notable during the reign of King James II, rising to the position of Lord Chancellor. His conduct as a judge was to enforce royal policy, resulting in a historical reputation for severity and bias
Jun 15 Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl of Godolphin a leading British politician of the late 17th and early 18th centuries. He was a Privy Councillor and Secretary of State for the Northern Department before attaining real power as First Lord of the Treasury. He was instrumental in negotiating and passing the Acts of Union 1707 with Scotland, which created the Kingdom of Great Britain
Jul 28 Marguerite Louise d'Orléans Grand Duchess of Tuscany, as the wife of Grand Duke Cosimo III de' Medici. Deprived of her lover, Charles V of Lorraine, and yearning for France, Marguerite Louise despised her husband and his family, whom she often quarrelled with and falsely suspected of attempting to poison her. Marguerite Louise reconciled with the Medici on more than one occasion, however, only to promptly resume hostilities
Aug 10 Eusebio Kino now a part of northern Italy. For the last 24 years of his life he worked in the region then known as the Pimería Alta, modern-day Sonora in Mexico and southern Arizona in the United States. He explored the region and worked with the indigenous Native American population, including primarily the Sobaipuri and other Upper Piman groups. He proved that Baja California is not an island by leading an overland expedition there. By the time of his death he had established 24 missions and visitas
Aug 16 Jean de La Bruyère a French philosopher and moralist.
Sep 21 Louis Jolliet a French Canadian explorer known for his discoveries in North America. Jolliet and Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette, a Catholic priest and missionary, were the first non-Natives to explore and map much of the Mississippi River in 1673

Top 7 most famous people died in 1645

Jan 10 William Laud an English churchman and academic, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1633, during the personal rule of Charles Arrested in 1640, he was executed in 1645.
Jun 13 Miyamoto Musashi an expert Japanese swordsman and rōnin. Musashi, as he was often simply known, became renowned through stories of his excellent swordsmanship in numerous duels, even from a very young age. He was the founder of the Hyōhō Niten Ichi-ryū or Niten-ryū style of swordsmanship and the author of The Book of Five Rings , a book on strategy, tactics, and philosophy that is still studied today
Jul 12 Michael I of Russia the first Russian Tsar of the house of Romanov. He was the son of Feodor Nikitich Romanov and Xenia. His reign marked the end of the Time of Troubles
Jul 22 Gaspar de Guzmán Count-Duke of Olivares a Spanish royal favourite of Philip IV and minister. As prime minister from 1621 to 1643, he over-exerted Spain in foreign affairs and unsuccessfully attempted domestic reform. His policies of committing Spain to recapture Holland led to his major involvement in the Thirty Years' War and his attempts to centralise power and increase wartime taxation led to revolts in Catalonia and in Portugal, which brought about his downfall
Aug 28 Hugo Grotius a jurist in the Dutch Republic. With Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili he laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law. He was also a philosopher, theologian, Christian apologist, playwright, historiographer, poet, statesman and diplomat
Sep 8 Francisco de Quevedo a Spanish nobleman, politician and writer of the Baroque era. Along with his lifelong rival, Luis de Góngora, Quevedo was one of the most prominent Spanish poets of the age. His style is characterized by what was called conceptismo. This style existed in stark contrast to Góngora's culteranismo
Sep 24 William Lawes an English composer and musician.