1646 in history

1646 events chronologically

Feb 16 Battle of Torrington, Devon – the last major battle of the first English Civil War

Top 7 most famous people born in 1646

Apr 4 Antoine Galland a French orientalist and archaeologist, most famous as the first European translator of One Thousand and One Nights which he called Les mille et une nuits. His version of the tales appeared in twelve volumes between 1704 and 1717 and exerted a huge influence on subsequent European literature and attitudes to the Islamic world
Apr 15 Christian V of Denmark king of Denmark and Norway from 1670 until his death in 1699.
Apr 16 Jules Hardouin Mansart generally considered to be the apex of French Baroque architecture, representing the power and grandeur of Louis XIV. Hardouin-Mansart was one of the most important European architects of the seventeenth century
Jun 5 Elena Cornaro Piscopia a Venetian philosopher of noble descent, and the first woman to receive a doctoral degree from a university.
Jul 1 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz a German mathematician and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy
Aug 8 Godfrey Kneller the leading portrait painter in England during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and was court painter to English and British monarchs from Charles II to George His major works include The Chinese Convert ; a series of four portraits of Isaac Newton painted at various junctures of the latter's life; a series of ten reigning European monarchs, including King Louis XIV of France; over 40 "Kit-cat portraits" of members of the Kit-Cat Club; and ten "beauties" of the court of William III, to match a similar series of ten beauties of the court of Charles II painted by his predecessor as court painter, Sir Peter Lely.
Aug 19 John Flamsteed an English astronomer and the first Astronomer Royal. He catalogued over 3000 stars

Top 7 most famous people died in 1646

Mar 11 Stanisław Koniecpolski regarded as one of the most capable military commanders in the history of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was also a magnate, a royal official , a castellan, a member of the Polish nobility , and the voivode of Sandomierz from 1625 until his death. He led many successful military campaigns against rebelling Cossacks and invading Tatars. From 1618 he held the rank of Field Crown Hetman before becoming the Grand Crown Hetman, the military commander second only to the King, in 1632
May 13 Maria Anna of Spain Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia as the wife of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor.
Sep 14 Robert Devereux 3rd Earl of Essex an English Parliamentarian and soldier during the first half of the seventeenth century. With the start of the English Civil War in 1642 he became the first Captain-General and Chief Commander of the Parliamentarian army, also known as the Roundheads. However, he was unable and unwilling to score a decisive blow against the Royalist army of King Charles He was eventually overshadowed by the ascendancy of Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Fairfax and resigned his commission in 1646
Oct 9 Balthasar Charles Prince of Asturias heir apparent to all the kingdoms, states and dominions of the Spanish monarchy until his death.
Oct 18 Isaac Jogues a Jesuit priest, missionary and martyr who traveled and worked among the native populations in North America. He gave the original European name to Lake George, calling it Lac du Saint Sacrement, Lake of the Blessed Sacrament. In 1646, Jogues was martyred by the Mohawk at their village of Ossernenon, a site near present-day Auriesville, New York
Dec 22 Peter Mogila a Metropolitan of Kiev, Halych and All-Rus' from 1633 until his death. He was born into a Moldavian boyar family — the Movilești — one that gave Moldavia and Wallachia several rulers, including his father, Simion Movilă; also, his great-grandfather was the Moldavian Voivode Petru Rareș. Moldavia, Wallahia and part of Transylvania belonged to the Eastern Orthodox Church, and Old Church Slavonic was used, until the 17th century, as the common liturgical language in Romanian principalities. Peter Mogila's mother, Marghita , was the daughter of a Moldavian logothete, Gavrilaș Hâra. Peter Mogila's sister Raina Mohylanka married prince Wisniowiecki, and their son Jeremi Wiśniowiecki was Mogila's nephew and supporter even though he himself changed the faith to marry a Roman Catholic princess and to inherit the Polish crown. From his early childhood, Petro Mohyla and his mother were on the move in foreign lands seeking refuge due to instability in Wallachia. For a time, they lived in Kamianets-Podilskyi in Ukraine. But in 1608 they moved to Poland and for sixteen years stayed in Stanisław Żółkiewski's castle.:100 There he started his formal schooling, which, prior to the arrival to the castle, was often interrupted by frequent moves. Petro’s teachers were monks from the Lviv brotherhood and later, he continued his studies of classical literature in Latin, Greek, Polish, Old Slavic and Old Belorussian languages at the academy in Zamość , founded in 1594 by Polish Crown Chancellor Jan Zamoyski. Later Mohyla continued his studies in Paris
Dec 26 Henri Prince of Condé (1588–1646) a Prince du Sang.