Born in 1646

Feb 4 Hans Erasmus Aßmann a German statesman and poet from the second Silesian school.
Feb 17 Pierre Le Pesant sieur de Boisguilbert a French law-maker and a Jansenist, one of the inventors of the notion of an economical market.
Feb 23 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi the fifth shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty of Japan. He was the younger brother of Tokugawa Ietsuna, thus making him the son of Tokugawa Iemitsu, the grandson of Tokugawa Hidetada, and the great-grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Mar 25 Niels Jonsson Stromberg af Clastorp a Swedish soldier and Governor-General of Swedish Estonia from 1706 to 1709.
Apr 1 Hermann Otto II of Limburg Stirum the son of Adolf Ernst of Limburg Stirum and an imperial Field Marshal.
Apr 4 Antoine Galland a French orientalist and archaeologist, most famous as the first European translator of One Thousand and One Nights which he called Les mille et une nuits. His version of the tales appeared in twelve volumes between 1704 and 1717 and exerted a huge influence on subsequent European literature and attitudes to the Islamic world
Apr 15 Christian V of Denmark king of Denmark and Norway from 1670 until his death in 1699.
Apr 16 Jules Hardouin Mansart generally considered to be the apex of French Baroque architecture, representing the power and grandeur of Louis XIV. Hardouin-Mansart was one of the most important European architects of the seventeenth century
Apr 20 Charles Plumier named. Plumier is considered one of the most important of the botanical explorers of his time. He made three botanizing expeditions to the West Indies, which resulted in a massive work Nova Plantarum Americanarum Genera and was appointed botanist to king Louis XIV of France
Jun 5 Elena Cornaro Piscopia a Venetian philosopher of noble descent, and the first woman to receive a doctoral degree from a university.
Jun 6 Hortense Mancini the favourite niece of Cardinal Mazarin, chief minister of France, and a mistress of Charles II, King of England, Scotland and Ireland. She was the fourth of the five famous Mancini sisters, who along with two of their female Martinozzi cousins, were known at the court of King Louis XIV of France as the Mazarinettes
Jun 21 Maria Francisca of Savoy twice queen consort of Portugal as the spouse of two Portuguese kings. She first became queen of Portugal at the age of 20 on the day of her marriage to Afonso Since the marriage was never consummated, she was able to obtain an annulment. On 28 March 1668, she married Afonso's brother, the Infante Peter, Duke of Beja, who was appointed prince regent the same year due to Afonso's perceived incompetence. Maria Francisca became queen of Portugal for the second time when Peter succeeded his brother as Peter II in 1683. She herself died later that year
Jun 30 Paul Hermann a German born physician and botanist who for 15 years was director of the Hortus Botanicus Leiden.
Jul 1 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz a German mathematician and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy
Jul 15 Frederick I Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. He was the fourth but eldest surviving son of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg and Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg
Jul 20 Eusèbe Renaudot a French theologian and Orientalist.
Jul 29 Johann Theile a German composer of the Baroque era, famous for the opera Adam und Eva, Der erschaffene, gefallene und aufgerichtete Mensch, first performed in Hamburg on 2 January 1678.
Aug 2 Jean-Baptiste du Casse a French buccaneer, admiral, and colonial administrator who served throughout the Atlantic World during the 17th and 18th centuries. Likely born August 2, 1646, in Saubusse, near Pau , to a Huguenot family, du Casse joined the French merchant marine and served in the East India Company and the slave-trading Compagnie du Sénégal. Later, he joined the French Navy and took part in several victorious expeditions during the War of the League of Augsburg in the West Indies and Spanish South America. During the War of the Spanish Succession, he participated in several key naval battles, including the Battle of Málaga and the siege of Barcelona. For his service, he was made a knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece by King Philip V of Spain. In the midst of these wars, he was Governor of the colony of Saint-Domingue from 1691-1703. He ended his military career at the rank of Lieutenant General of the naval forces and Commander of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis. He died on June 25, 1715 in Bourbon-l'Archambault, Auvergne
Aug 8 Godfrey Kneller the leading portrait painter in England during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and was court painter to English and British monarchs from Charles II to George His major works include The Chinese Convert ; a series of four portraits of Isaac Newton painted at various junctures of the latter's life; a series of ten reigning European monarchs, including King Louis XIV of France; over 40 "Kit-cat portraits" of members of the Kit-Cat Club; and ten "beauties" of the court of William III, to match a similar series of ten beauties of the court of Charles II painted by his predecessor as court painter, Sir Peter Lely.
Aug 19 John Flamsteed an English astronomer and the first Astronomer Royal. He catalogued over 3000 stars
Aug 23 Louise Elisabeth of Courland a princess of Courland from the Ketteler family by birth and by marriage Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg.
Oct 3 Joseph Parrocel a French Baroque painter, best known for his paintings and drawings of battle scenes.
Nov 18 Zhu Youlang the fourth and last emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty of China. His era name means "Perpetual calendar"
Dec 4 Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon a Marshal of France during the reign of Louis XIV and Louis XV.
Dec 26 Robert Bolling a wealthy early American settler planter and merchant. His Mother was Mary Carie, his father was John Bolling born 1615. He was named after his Grandfather Robert Bolling, his Grandmother was Anne Clarke