Died in 1646

Jan 4 Gaspard III de Coligny a French Protestant general.
Jan 6 Elias Holl the most important architect of late German Renaissance architecture.
Jan 18 Hosokawa Tadaoki a Japanese samurai warrior of the late Sengoku period and early Edo period.
Mar 11 Stanisław Koniecpolski regarded as one of the most capable military commanders in the history of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was also a magnate, a royal official , a castellan, a member of the Polish nobility , and the voivode of Sandomierz from 1625 until his death. He led many successful military campaigns against rebelling Cossacks and invading Tatars. From 1618 he held the rank of Field Crown Hetman before becoming the Grand Crown Hetman, the military commander second only to the King, in 1632
Apr 10 Santino Solari an Italian architect and sculptor, who worked mainly in Austria. He was born at Verna near Como
May 13 Maria Anna of Spain Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia as the wife of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor.
Jun 14 Jean Armand de Maillé-Brézé a French admiral.
Jun 23 Jakub Sobieski a Polish noble, parliamentarian, diarist, political activist, military leader and father of King John III Sobieski. He was the son of castellan and voivode Marek Sobieski and Jadwiga Snopkowska
Jul 25 Maria Caterina Farnese a member of the Ducal House of Farnese. She was the Duchess of Modena as the first wife of Francesco I d'Este, Duke of Modena. In some sources she is known simply as Maria Farnese
Aug 9 Margherita Aldobrandini a Duchess consort of Parma. She was the regent of Parma 1626-1628
Aug 19 Alexander Henderson (theologian) a Scottish theologian, and an important ecclesiastical statesman of his period. He is considered the second founder of the Reformed Church in Scotland, and its Presbyterian churches are largely indebted to him for the forms of their dogmas and organisation
Sep 8 Nicolas Faret a French statesman, writer, scholar and translator. He translated Eutropius's Roman History
Sep 11 Johann Stobäus a North German composer and lutenist.
Sep 11 Antonio Marcello Barberini an Italian cardinal and the younger brother of Maffeo Barberini, later Pope Urban VIII. He is sometimes referred to as Antonio the Elder to distinguish him from his nephew Antonio Barberini
Sep 11 Odoardo Farnese Duke of Parma Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1622 to 1646.
Sep 14 Robert Devereux 3rd Earl of Essex an English Parliamentarian and soldier during the first half of the seventeenth century. With the start of the English Civil War in 1642 he became the first Captain-General and Chief Commander of the Parliamentarian army, also known as the Roundheads. However, he was unable and unwilling to score a decisive blow against the Royalist army of King Charles He was eventually overshadowed by the ascendancy of Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Fairfax and resigned his commission in 1646
Sep 24 Duarte Lobo a Portuguese composer of the late Renaissance and early Baroque. He was one of the most famous Portuguese composers of the time, together with Filipe de Magalhães, Manuel Cardoso, composers who all began their academic studies as students of Manuel Mendes. Along with John IV, King of Portugal, they represent the "golden age" of Portuguese polyphony
Oct 9 Balthasar Charles Prince of Asturias heir apparent to all the kingdoms, states and dominions of the Spanish monarchy until his death.
Oct 12 François de Bassompierre a French courtier.
Oct 18 Isaac Jogues a Jesuit priest, missionary and martyr who traveled and worked among the native populations in North America. He gave the original European name to Lake George, calling it Lac du Saint Sacrement, Lake of the Blessed Sacrament. In 1646, Jogues was martyred by the Mohawk at their village of Ossernenon, a site near present-day Auriesville, New York
Oct 19 Jean de Lalande a Jesuit missionary at Sainte-Marie among the Hurons and one of the eight North American Martyrs.
Nov 29 Laurentius Paulinus Gothus a Swedish theologian, astronomer and Archbishop of Uppsala.
Dec 22 Peter Mogila a Metropolitan of Kiev, Halych and All-Rus' from 1633 until his death. He was born into a Moldavian boyar family — the Movilești — one that gave Moldavia and Wallachia several rulers, including his father, Simion Movilă; also, his great-grandfather was the Moldavian Voivode Petru Rareș. Moldavia, Wallahia and part of Transylvania belonged to the Eastern Orthodox Church, and Old Church Slavonic was used, until the 17th century, as the common liturgical language in Romanian principalities. Peter Mogila's mother, Marghita , was the daughter of a Moldavian logothete, Gavrilaș Hâra. Peter Mogila's sister Raina Mohylanka married prince Wisniowiecki, and their son Jeremi Wiśniowiecki was Mogila's nephew and supporter even though he himself changed the faith to marry a Roman Catholic princess and to inherit the Polish crown. From his early childhood, Petro Mohyla and his mother were on the move in foreign lands seeking refuge due to instability in Wallachia. For a time, they lived in Kamianets-Podilskyi in Ukraine. But in 1608 they moved to Poland and for sixteen years stayed in Stanisław Żółkiewski's castle.:100 There he started his formal schooling, which, prior to the arrival to the castle, was often interrupted by frequent moves. Petro’s teachers were monks from the Lviv brotherhood and later, he continued his studies of classical literature in Latin, Greek, Polish, Old Slavic and Old Belorussian languages at the academy in Zamość , founded in 1594 by Polish Crown Chancellor Jan Zamoyski. Later Mohyla continued his studies in Paris
Dec 23 François Maynard a French poet who spent much of his life in Toulouse.
Dec 26 Henri Prince of Condé (1588–1646) a Prince du Sang.