Born in 1647

Jan 7 William Louis Duke of Württemberg the ruler of the senior Duchy of Württemberg from 1674 until his death in 1677.
Jan 15 Nathaniel Bacon (colonist) a colonist of the Virginia Colony, famous as the instigator of Bacon's Rebellion of 1676, which collapsed when Bacon himself died from dysentery.
Mar 1 John de Brito a Portuguese Jesuit missionary and martyr, often called "the Portuguese Francis Xavier" by Indian Catholics.
Mar 12 Victor-Maurice comte de Broglie a French soldier and general.
Apr 1 John Wilmot 2nd Earl of Rochester an English poet and courtier of King Charles II's Restoration court. The Restoration reacted against the "spiritual authoritarianism" of the Puritan era. Rochester was the embodiment of the new era, and he is as well known for his rakish lifestyle as his poetry, although the two were often interlinked. In 1669 he committed treason by boxing the ears of Thomas Killigrew in sight of the monarch, and in 1673 he accidentally delivered an insulting diatribe to the King. He died at the age of 33 from venereal disease
Apr 2 Maria Sibylla Merian a German-born naturalist and scientific illustrator, a descendant of the Frankfurt branch of the Swiss Merian family, founders of one of Europe's largest publishing houses in the 17th century.
Jun 20 John George III Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1680 to 1691. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin
Jul 2 Daniel Finch 2nd Earl of Nottingham an English Tory statesman during the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.
Jul 22 Margaret Mary Alacoque V.H.M. was a French Roman Catholic nun and mystic, who promoted devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus in its modern form
Jul 29 Carl Piper a Swedish statesman. He entered the foreign office after completing his academical course at Uppsala, accompanied Benedict Oxenstjerna on his embassage to Russia in 1673, and attracted the attention of Charles XI during the Scanian War by his extraordinary energy and ability
Aug 4 Giovanni II Cornaro a Venetian nobleman and statesman; he served as the 111th Doge of Venice from 22 May 1709 until his death.
Aug 12 Johann Heinrich Acker a German writer. He sometimes wrote under the name of Melissander
Aug 22 Denis Papin a French physicist, mathematician and inventor, best known for his pioneering invention of the steam digester, the forerunner of the steam engine, and of the pressure cooker.
Aug 28 Erik Carlsson Sjöblad a Swedish governor, admiral, and baron.
Sep 1 Princess Anna Sophie of Denmark the eldest daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Electress of Saxony from 1680 to 1691 as the wife of John George III.
Sep 8 John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby an English poet and notable Tory politician of the late Stuart period, who served as Lord Privy Seal and Lord President of the Council.
Sep 23 Frederick VII Margrave of Baden-Durlach the Margrave of Baden-Durlach from 1677 until his death.
Sep 23 Joseph Dudley an English colonial administrator. A native of Roxbury, Massachusetts, and the son of one of its founders, Dudley had a leading role in the administration of the Dominion of New England , overthrown in the 1689 Boston revolt, and served briefly on the council of the Province of New York. In New York, he oversaw the trial that convicted Jacob Leisler, the ringleader of Leisler's Rebellion. He spent eight years in the 1690s as lieutenant governor of the Isle of Wight, including one year as a Member of Parliament. In 1702 he was appointed governor of the provinces of Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire, posts he held until 1715
Nov 18 Pierre Bayle a French philosopher and writer best known for his seminal work the Historical and Critical Dictionary, published beginning in 1697.
Nov 26 Marie Hedwig of Hesse-Darmstadt a Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen.
Dec 4 Daniel Eberlin a German Baroque composer and Kapellmeister.
Dec 7 Giovanni Ceva an Italian mathematician widely known for proving Ceva's theorem in elementary geometry. His brother, Tommaso Ceva was also a well-known poet and mathematician