Born in 1648

Feb 1 Elkanah Settle an English poet and playwright.
Feb 23 Arabella Churchill (royal mistress) the mistress of King James II, and the mother of four of his children.
Mar 5 David Caspari a German Lutheran theologian. He was the father of Georg Caspari
Apr 4 Grinling Gibbons a Dutch-British sculptor and wood carver known for his work in England, including St Paul's Cathedral, Blenheim Palace and Hampton Court Palace. He was born and educated in Holland of English parents, his father being a merchant. He is widely regarded as the finest wood carver working in England, and the only one whose name is widely known among the general public. Most of his work is in lime wood, especially decorative Baroque garlands made up of still-life elements at about life size, made to frame mirrors and decorate the walls of churches and palaces, but he also produced furniture and small relief plaques with figurative scenes. He also worked in stone, mostly for churches. By the time he was established he led a large workshop, and the extent to which his personal hand appears in later work varies
Apr 9 Henri de Massue Earl of Galway a French Huguenot soldier and diplomat who was influential in the English service in the Nine Years' War and the War of the Spanish Succession.
Apr 16 Antoine de Pas de Feuquières a French soldier. He was the son of diplomat Isaac de Feuquières
Apr 26 Peter II of Portugal Regent and King of Portugal and the Algarves. He was sometimes known as o Pacífico, "the Pacific"
May 14 René de Froulay de Tessé a French Marshal and diplomat.
May 24 Albert V Duke of Saxe-Coburg a duke of Saxe-Coburg.
Aug 9 Johann Michael Bach a German composer of the Baroque period. He was the brother of Johann Christoph Bach, as well as father-in-law of Johann Sebastian Bach. He is sometimes referred to as the "Gehrener Bach" to distinguish him from the "Wuppertaler Bach", Johann Michael Bach
Aug 11 Jeremiah Shepard an American Puritan minister and the youngest son of Thomas Shepard, a major figure in the founding generation of Puritan New England. He was an early graduate of Harvard University, in the class of 1669
Aug 22 Tsarevich Dmitry Alexeyevich of Russia the first son and heir of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, brother of Tsarevich Alexei Alexeyevich of Russia, Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half-brother of Tsar Peter the Great. He died before he had a chance to succeed to the throne. He is buried in the Cathedral of the Archangel
Sep 2 Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels a German noblewoman.
Sep 5 Athanasius of Brest-Litovsk a saint and martyr of the Russian Orthodox Church. He was killed by Catholics for opposition to the Union of Brest. Saint Athanasius is commemorated on September 5
Sep 10 Nicolas Desmarets a Controller-General of Finances during the reign of Louis XIV of France.
Oct 3 Élisabeth Sophie Chéron remembered today primarily as a French painter, but she was acclaimed in her lifetime as a gifted poet, musician, artist, and academicienne.
Oct 13 Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans born a Princess of France and was the Duchess of Savoy as the first wife of Charles Emmanuel She was a first cousin of Louis XIV as well of her husband. She was the shortest Savoyard consort dying at the age of fifteen, childless
Dec 15 Gregory King an English genealogist, engraver and statistician.
Dec 20 Tommaso Ceva an Italian Jesuit mathematician from Milan. He was the brother of Giovanni Ceva
Dec 23 Robert Barclay a Scottish Quaker, one of the most eminent writers belonging to the Religious Society of Friends and a member of the Clan Barclay. He was also governor of the East Jersey colony in North America through most of the 1680s, although he himself never resided in the colony