1649 in history

1649 events chronologically

Jan 4 English Civil War: The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial
Jan 20 Charles I of England goes on trial for treason and other "high crimes"
Jan 30 King Charles I of England is beheaded
Feb 6 The claimant King Charles II of England and Scotland is declared King of Great Britain, by the Parliament of Scotland. This move was not followed by the Parliament of England nor the Parliament of Ireland
Feb 19 The Second Battle of Guararapes takes place, effectively ending Dutch colonization efforts in Brazil
Mar 11 The Frondeurs and the French sign the Peace of Rueil
Mar 19 The House of Commons of England passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring it "useless and dangerous to the people of England"

Top 7 most famous people born in 1649

Feb 23 John Blow an English Baroque composer and organist, appointed to Westminster Abbey in 1669. His pupils included William Croft, Jeremiah Clarke and Henry Purcell. In 1685 he was named a private musician to James His only stage composition, Venus and Adonis , was thought to influence Henry Purcell's later opera Dido and Aeneas. In 1687 he became choirmaster at St Paul's Cathedral, where many of his pieces were performed. In 1699 he was appointed to the newly created post of Composer to the Chapel Royal
Apr 5 Elihu Yale a Welsh merchant and philanthropist, Governor of the East India Company settlement in Fort George, at Madras and a benefactor of the Collegiate School in the Colony of Connecticut, which in 1718 was renamed Yale College in his honor.
Apr 9 James Scott 1st Duke of Monmouth an English nobleman. Originally called James Crofts or James Fitzroy, he was born in Rotterdam in the Netherlands, the eldest illegitimate son of Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland and his mistress, Lucy Walter
Jul 23 Pope Clement XI Pope from 23 November 1700 to his death in 1721.
Aug 7 Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria an Archduke of Austria and Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights. He was also the bishop of Olmütz, and Breslau, Passau
Sep 6 Louise de Kérouaille Duchess of Portsmouth a mistress of Charles II of England. Through her son by Charles II, Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, she is ancestress of both wives of Prince Charles: Diana, Princess of Wales, and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
Sep 15 Titus Oates an English perjurer who fabricated the "Popish Plot", a supposed Catholic conspiracy to kill King Charles II.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1649

Jan 30 Charles I of England monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Mar 16 Jean de Brébeuf a French Jesuit missionary who travelled to New France in 1625. There he worked primarily with the Huron for the rest of his life, except for a time back in France from 1629 to 1633. He learned their language and culture
Mar 19 Gerardus Vossius a Dutch classical scholar and theologian.
Mar 26 John Winthrop a wealthy English Puritan lawyer and one of the leading figures in the founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the first major settlement in New England after Plymouth Colony. Winthrop led the first large wave of migrants from England in 1630, and served as governor for 12 of the colony's first 20 years of existence. His writings and vision of the colony as a Puritan "city upon a hill" dominated New England colonial development, influencing the governments and religions of neighboring colonies
Jun 30 Simon Vouet perhaps best remembered for helping to introduce the Italian Baroque style of painting to France.
Aug 7 Maria Leopoldine of Austria the second spouse of her first cousin, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III. As such, she was empress of the Holy Roman Empire. She died while giving birth to the couple's only child, Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria
Aug 21 Richard Crashaw an English poet, styled "the divine," and known as one of the central figures associated with the Metaphysical poets in 17th Century English literature. The son of a prominent Puritan minister, Crashaw was educated at Charterhouse School and Pembroke College, Cambridge. After taking a degree, Crashaw began to publish religious poetry and to teach at Cambridge