1649 events in history

Jan 4 English Civil War: The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial
Jan 20 Charles I of England goes on trial for treason and other "high crimes"
Jan 30 King Charles I of England is beheaded
Feb 6 The claimant King Charles II of England and Scotland is declared King of Great Britain, by the Parliament of Scotland. This move was not followed by the Parliament of England nor the Parliament of Ireland
Feb 19 The Second Battle of Guararapes takes place, effectively ending Dutch colonization efforts in Brazil
Mar 11 The Frondeurs and the French sign the Peace of Rueil
Mar 19 The House of Commons of England passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring it "useless and dangerous to the people of England"
May 19 An Act of Parliament declaring England a Commonwealth is passed by the Long Parliament. England would be a republic for the next eleven years
Jun 1 Start of the Sumuroy Revolt: Filipinos in Northern Samar led by Agustin Sumuroy revolt against Spanish colonial authorities
Sep 2 The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro
Sep 11 Siege of Drogheda ends: Oliver Cromwell's English Parliamentarian troops take the town and execute its garrison
Oct 11 Sack of Wexford: After a ten-day siege, English New Model Army troops (under Oliver Cromwell) stormed the town of Wexford, killing over 2,000 Irish Confederate troops and 1,500 civilians
Oct 19 New Ross town, County Wexford, Ireland, surrenders to Oliver Cromwell