Born in 1651

Feb 25 Quirinus Kuhlmann a German Baroque poet and mystic. Known for his travels throughout Europe, Kuhlmann spent the last years of his life in Russia, where he was executed because he was considered politically dangerous
Feb 26 Pieter van der Hulst a Dutch Golden Age painter.
Mar 4 John Somers 1st Baron Somers an English Whig jurist and statesman. Somers first came to national attention in the trial of the Seven Bishops where he was on their defence counsel. He published tracts on political topics such as the succession to the crown, where he elaborated his Whig principles in support of the Exclusionists. He played a leading part in shaping the Revolution settlement. He was Lord High Chancellor of England under King William III and was a chief architect of the union between England and Scotland achieved in 1707 and the Protestant succession achieved in 1714. He was a leading Whig during the twenty-five years after 1688; with four colleagues he formed the Whig Junto
Mar 31 Charles II Elector Palatine Elector Palatine from 1680 to 1685. He was the son of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine and Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel
Apr 2 Fabrizio Paolucci an Italian cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church, appointed by Pope Innocent XII.
Apr 6 André Dacier a French classical scholar and editor of texts. He began his career with an edition and commentary of Festus' De verborum significatione, and was the first to produce a "readable" text of the 20-book work. His wife, Anne Dacier, was also an influential classical scholar and translator
Apr 10 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus a German mathematician, physicist, physician, and philosopher. He is considered by some to have been the inventor of European porcelain, an invention long accredited to Johann Friedrich Böttger but others claim porcelain had been made by English manufacturers at an even earlier date
Apr 21 Joseph Vaz an Oratorian priest and missionary in Ceylon.
Apr 30 Jean-Baptiste de La Salle a French priest, educational reformer, and founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools. He is a saint of the Roman Catholic church and the patron saint of teachers
May 27 Louis Antoine de Noailles a French bishop and cardinal.
Jun 21 William VII Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel.
Jul 12 Margaret Theresa of Spain Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Archduchess consort of Austria, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia. She was the daughter of King Philip IV of Spain and his second wife Mariana of Austria. She was the elder sister of Charles II, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs. She is the central figure in the famous Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez, and subject of many of his later paintings
Jul 22 Ferdinand Tobias Richter an Austrian Baroque composer and organist.
Aug 6 Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld a Swedish Field Marshal under the command of King Karl XII of Sweden. Despite being choleric and irritable, Rehnskiöld's military skills made him the chief military advisor and second-in-command to King Karl and earned him the epithet the "Parmenio of the Northern Alexander."
Aug 6 François Fénelon a French Roman Catholic archbishop, theologian, poet and writer. He today is remembered mostly as the author of The Adventures of Telemachus, first published in 1699
Aug 13 Balthasar Permoser among the leading sculptors of his generation, whose evolving working styles spanned the late Baroque and early Rococo.
Sep 1 Natalya Naryshkina the Tsaritsa of Russia from 1671–1676 as the second spouse of Tsar Alexei I of Russia, and mother of Tsar Peter I of Russia.
Sep 5 William Dampier today Australia, and the first person to circumnavigate the world three times. He has also been described as Australia's first natural historian, as well as one of the most important British explorers of the period between Sir Walter Raleigh and James Cook
Sep 16 Engelbert Kaempfer a German naturalist and physician known for his tour of Russia, Persia, India, South-East Asia, and Japan between 1683 and 1693. He wrote two books about his travels. Amoenitatum Exoticarum, published in 1712, is important for its medical observations and the first extensive description of Japanese plants. His History of Japan, published posthumously in 1727, was the chief source of Western knowledge about the country throughout the 18th century
Nov 12 Juana Inés de la Cruz Sister Juana Inés de la Cruz, O.S.H. was a self-taught scholar and poet of the Baroque school, and Hieronymite nun of New Spain, known in her lifetime as "The Tenth Muse." Although she lived in a colonial era when Mexico was part of the Spanish Empire, she is considered today both a Mexican writer and a contributor to the Spanish Golden Age, and she stands at the beginning of the history of Mexican literature in the Spanish language
Dec 28 Johann Krieger a German composer and organist, younger brother of Johann Philipp Krieger. Born in Nuremberg, he worked at Bayreuth, Zeitz, and Greiz before settling in Zittau. He was one of the most important keyboard composers of his day, highly esteemed by, among others, George Frideric Handel. A prolific composer of church and secular music, he published several dozen of his works, and others survive in manuscript. However, hundreds more were lost when Zittau was destroyed by fire in 1757, during the Seven Years' War