Born in 1652

Jan 2 Michel Chamillart a French statesman, a minister of King Louis XIV of France.
Jan 2 Jean Louis Petitot the eldest son of Jean Petitot, and was instructed in enameling by his father. Some of his works so closely resemble those of the elder Petitot that it is difficult to distinguish between them, and he was really the only serious rival his father ever had. He settled for a while in London, where he remained till 1682, and painted many enamel portraits of Charles In 1682 he removed to Paris, but in 1695 was back again in London, where he remained until his death
Jan 2 Sir Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet a Governor of the Bank of England and Lord Mayor of London in the early 18th Century.
Jan 13 Henry Booth 1st Earl of Warrington a Member of Parliament, Privy Councillor, Protestant protagonist in the Revolution of 1688, Mayor of Chester and author.
Jan 13 Antoine Anselme a widely noted French preacher.
Jan 17 Claude-Guy Hallé a French painter. He was the son of the painter Daniel Hallé
Feb 13 Anton Domenico Gabbiani an Italian painter and active in a late Baroque style.
Feb 14 Camille d'Hostun duc de Tallard a French noble, diplomat and military commander, who became Marshal of France.
Mar 3 Thomas Otway an English dramatist of the Restoration period, best known for Venice Preserv'd, or A Plot Discover'd.
Mar 20 Leon Bazyli Sapieha a Polish-Lithuanian politician. He was the treasurer of the Lithuanian court and Lithuanian army general and member of the noble Sapieha family. He was the son of Paweł Jan Sapieha and brother to Jan Kazimierz Sapieha the Younger, amongst many other siblings
Mar 28 Samuel Sewall a judge, businessman, and printer in the Province of Massachusetts Bay, best known for his involvement in the Salem witch trials, for which he later apologized, and his essay The Selling of Joseph , which criticized slavery. He served for many years as the chief justice of the Massachusetts Superior Court of Judicature, the province's high court
Apr 7 Pope Clement XII Pope from 12 July 1730 to his death in 1740.
Apr 21 Michel Rolle a French mathematician. He is best known for Rolle's theorem. He is also the co-inventor in Europe of Gaussian elimination
Apr 25 Boris Sheremetev created the first Russian count in 1706, and was also a diplomat and general field marshal during the Great Northern War. His children included Pyotr Sheremetev and Natalia Sheremeteva. In his youth, Sheremetyev was a page to Tsar Alexis I before starting his military career. From 1671 he served at the imperial court. In 1681 he was a leader at Tambov, commanding the armies fighting the Crimean Khanate, and from 1682 he was a boyar. From 1685 to 1687 he participated in negotiations and the conclusion of the "Eternal Peace of 1686" with Poland and the allied treaty with Austria. From the end of 1687 he commanded the armies in Belgorod defending Russia's southern border, and participated in the Crimean campaigns. After Peter I gained power in 1689, he joined him as a fellow campaigner. He participated along with Mazepa in the war against Turkey during the 1690s. During the Azov campaigns in 1695–96 he commanded armies on the Dnieper River in actions against the Crimean Tatars. In 1697–99 he carried out diplomatic assignments in Poland, Austria, Italy and Malta. In 1698, czar Peter sent a delegation to Malta under Sheremetyev to observe the training and abilities of the Knights of Malta and their fleet. Sheremetyev also investigated the possibility of future joint ventures with the Knights, including action against the Turks and the possibility of a future Russian naval base
Apr 25 Giovanni Battista Foggini an Italian sculptor active in Florence, renowned mainly for small bronze statuary.
Apr 28 Magdalena Sibylla of Hesse-Darmstadt regent of the Duchy of Württemberg from 1677 to 1693, and was a prominent German composer of baroque hymns.
May 2 Abraham Hinckelmann an Islamologist who was the first to print a complete Qur'an in Hamburg.
May 14 Johann Philipp Förtsch a German baroque composer, statesman and doctor.
May 27 Elizabeth Charlotte Princess Palatine a German princess and, as Madame, the wife of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, younger brother of Louis XIV of France, and mother of France's ruler during the Regency. Louis invoked her hereditary claim to the Palatinate as pretext to launch the Nine Years' War in 1688. Her vast, frank correspondence provides a detailed account of the personalities and activities at the court of her brother-in-law, Louis XIV for half a century, from the date of her marriage in 1672
Jun 3 Zygmunt Przyjemski a Polish military commander and a member of the administration of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. A general of artillery and, at the same time, the Field Writer of the Crown, he was taken captive by the Cossacks in the Battle of Batoh, in which he commanded the Polish infantry. He was executed soon afterwards with a few thousands other Polish prisoners taken in that battle
Jun 23 Jan Brokoff a baroque-era sculptor and carver.
Aug 15 John Wise (clergyman) a Congregationalist reverend and political leader in Massachusetts during the American colonial period. Wise was noted for his political activism, specifically his protests against British taxation, for which he was once jailed As the pastor of the Chebacco Parish from 1680 to his death in 1725, Wise lived in Ipswich, Massachusetts, often called "the birthplace of American independence."
Aug 26 Tsarevna Marfa Alekseyevna of Russia a Russian Princess, daughter of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, sister of Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half sister of Tsar Peter the Great. She participated in the rebellion of her sister Sophia against Tsar Peter in 1698 and was therefore imprisoned in a convent. She is an orthodox saint
Aug 31 Ferdinando Carlo Gonzaga Duke of Mantua and Montferrat the only child of Duke Charles II of Mantua and Montferrat, and the last ruler of the Duchy of Mantua of the House of Gonzaga.
Sep 10 Jan Sladký Kozina the Czech revolutionary leader of the Chodové peasant rebellion at the end of the 17th century.
Oct 16 Karl Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst.
Nov 4 Marc-René de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson (1652–1721) a French politician.
Nov 10 Johann Ernst Glück now in Latvia.
Dec 9 Augustus Quirinus Rivinus also known as August Bachmann or Q. Bachmann, was a German physician and botanist who helped to develop better ways of classifying plants
Dec 25 Archibald Pitcairne a Scottish physician.