Died in 1652

Jan 16 Johann von Werth a German general of cavalry in the Thirty Years' War.
Jan 30 Georges de La Tour a French Baroque painter, who spent most of his working life in the Duchy of Lorraine, which was temporarily absorbed into France between 1641 and 1648. He painted mostly religious chiaroscuro scenes lit by candlelight
Feb 7 Gregorio Allegri an Italian composer of the Roman School and brother of Domenico Allegri; he was also a priest and a singer. He was born and died in Rome
Apr 13 Georges Fournier (Jesuit) a French Jesuit priest, geographer and mathematician.
Apr 15 Patriarch Joseph of Moscow the sixth Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, elected after an unusual one and a half year break.
Apr 21 Pietro Della Valle an Italian who traveled throughout Asia during the Renaissance period. His travels took him to the Holy Land, the Middle East, Northern Africa, and as far as India
Apr 26 Jean-Pierre Camus a French bishop, preacher, and author of works of fiction and spirituality.
May 10 Jacques-Nompar de Caumont duc de La Force a marshal of France and peer of France. He was the son of a Huguenot, Francois de Caumont, lord of Castelnau, and Philippe de Beaupoil. He survived the Bartholomew's Day Massacre in 1572, but his father and older brother Armand were killed
Jun 3 Marek Sobieski (1628–1652) a Polish noble , starosta of Krasnystaw and Jaworów, older brother of King Jan III Sobieski of Poland. He graduated from Nowodworski College in Kraków and Kraków Academy, then traveled and studied in Western Europe. After returning to Poland in 1648 he fought against the Cossacks and Tatars at Zbaraż and Beresteczko. He was taken captive by Tatars in 1652 and then killed by Cossacks
Jun 18 John Casimir Count Palatine of Kleeburg the son of John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and his wife, Duchess Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and was the founder of a branch of Wittelsbach Counts Palatine often called the Swedish line, because it gave rise to three subsequent kings of Sweden, but more commonly known as the Kleeburg line.
Jun 21 Inigo Jones the first significant British architect of the early modern period, and the first to employ Vitruvian rules of proportion and symmetry in his buildings. He left his mark on London by single buildings, such as the Banqueting House, Whitehall, and in area design for Covent Garden square which became a model for future developments in the West End. He made major contributions to stage design by his work as theatrical designer for several dozen masques, most by royal command and many in collaboration with Ben Jonson
Jun 25 Abraham von Franckenberg a German mystic, author, poet and hymn-writer.
Jul 22 Jacques Specx a Dutch merchant, who founded the trade on Japan and Korea in 1609. Jacques Specx received the support of William Adams to obtain extensive trading rights from the Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu on August 24, 1609, which allowed him to establish a trading factory in Hirado on September 20, 1609. He was the interim governor in Batavia between 1629 - 1632. There his daughter Saartje Specx was involved in a scandal. Back home in Holland Specx became an art-collector
Jul 30 Charles Amadeus Duke of Nemours a French military leader and magnate. He was the father of the penultimate Duchess of Savoy and of a Queen of Portugal
Aug 7 John Smith (Platonist) an English philosopher, theologian, and educator.
Aug 9 Jan Dirksz Both a Dutch painter, draughtsman, and etcher, who made an important contribution to the development of Dutch Italianate landscape painting.
Aug 9 Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne ruler of the independent principality of Sedan, and a general in the French royal army. Born in Sedan, Ardennes, he was the son of Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillon, Prince of Sedan and Elisabeth of Orange-Nassau. His brother was the renowned Turenne, Marshal of France. Raised as a Protestant, he received a military education in Holland under his uncles, Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange and Frederick Henry of Nassau, Prince of Orange
Aug 18 Florimond de Beaune a French jurist and mathematician, and an early follower of René Descartes. Taton calls him "a typical example of the erudite amateurs" active in 17th-century science
Aug 22 Jacob De la Gardie a statesman and a soldier of the Swedish Empire.
Aug 23 John Byron 1st Baron Byron an English Royalist and supporter of Charles I during the English Civil War.
Sep 2 Jusepe de Ribera a Spanish Tenebrist painter and printmaker, better known as Jusepe de Ribera or Giuseppe Ribera. He also was called Lo Spagnoletto by his contemporaries and early writers. Ribera was a leading painter of the Spanish school, although his mature work was all done in Italy
Sep 6 Philippe Alegambe a Belgian Jesuit priest and bibliographer.
Oct 8 John Greaves an English mathematician, astronomer and antiquary.
Oct 11 Léon Bouthillier comte de Chavigny a Foreign Minister of France to Louis XIII.
Oct 20 Antonio Coello a Spanish dramatist and poet. He entered the household of the duke de Albuquerque, and after some years of service in the army received the order of Santiago in 1648. He was a favorite of Philip IV, who is reported to have collaborated with him; this rumour is not confirmed, but there is ample proof of Coellos collaboration with Calderón, Rojas Zorrilla, Solis and Velez de Guevara, the most distinguished dramatists of the age. The best of his original plays, Los Empenos de seis horas, has been wrongly ascribed to Calderón; it was adapted by Samuel Tuke, under the title of The Adventures of Five Hours, and was described by Pepys as superior to Othello. - It is an excellent example of stagecraft and animated dialogue. Coello died on 20 October 1652, shortly after his nomination to a post in the household of Philip IV
Nov 21 Jan Brożek a Polish polymath: a mathematician, astronomer, physician, poet, writer, musician and rector of the Kraków Academy.
Dec 11 Denis Pétau a French Jesuit theologian.
Dec 23 John Cotton (minister) a clergyman in England and the American colonies, and by most accounts was the preeminent minister and theologian of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Following five years of study at Trinity College, Cambridge, and another nine years at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, he had already built a reputation as a scholar and outstanding preacher when he accepted the position of minister at Saint Botolph's Church in Boston, Lincolnshire in 1612. As a Puritan he wanted to do away with the ceremony and vestments associated with the established Anglican Church, and preach in a simpler, more consensual manner. Though he felt the English church needed significant reforms, he nevertheless was adamant about not separating from it; his preference was to change it from within. While many ministers were removed from their pulpits for their puritan practices, Cotton thrived at Botolph's for nearly 20 years because of supportive aldermen, lenient bishops, and his very conciliatory and gentle demeanor. By 1632, however, the Anglican church had greatly increased its pressure on the non-conforming clergy, and Cotton was forced to go into hiding. The following year he and his wife boarded a ship for New England