Born in 1653

Jan 6 Christian Duke of Saxe-Eisenberg a duke of Saxe-Eisenberg.
Jan 11 Paolo Alessandro Maffei an antiquarian with a humanist education, who was active in Rome. Maffei was the son of Paolo Maffei and his wife Giovanna di Raffaele, both of patrician families of Volterra. He was a descendant of the humanist and papal bureaucrat Raffaele Maffei, "il Volterrano," , author of the Commentaria urbana , dedicated to Julius Paolo Alessandro was made a cavaliere of the Tuscan Order of Saint Stephen and an honorary member of the Papal Guard. He wrote the laudatory biography of Pope Pius V, in which he praised the Pope's suppression of newsletters and slanderous printed avvisi in 1572
Jan 16 Johann Conrad Brunner a Swiss anatomist, especially cited for his work on the pancreas and duodenum.
Jan 24 Dom Jacques Alexandre a learned Benedictine monk of the Congregation of Maur. He made his profession in the abbey of Vendôme, 26 August 1673, and after completing his philosophical and theological studies, was sent to the monastery of Bonne-Nouvelle, where he spent the remainder of his life
Feb 17 Arcangelo Corelli an Italian violinist and composer of the Baroque era.
Mar 10 John Benbow an English officer in the Royal Navy. He joined the navy aged 25 years, seeing action against Algerian pirates before leaving and joining the merchant navy where he traded until the Glorious Revolution of 1688, whereupon he returned to the Royal Navy and was commissioned
Mar 24 Joseph Sauveur a French mathematician and physicist. He was a professor of mathematics and in 1696 became a member of the French Academy of Sciences
Apr 2 Prince George of Denmark the husband of Queen Anne, who reigned over Great Britain from 1702.
Apr 6 Frederick Louis Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck a Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and field marshal of the Prussian Army. He was the son of August Philipp, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and Countess Marie Sibylle of Nassau-Saarbrücken
May 8 Claude Louis Hector de Villars the last great general of Louis XIV of France and one of the most brilliant commanders in French military history, one of only six Marshals who have been promoted to Marshal General of France.
May 21 Eleanor of Austria Queen of Poland Josefa of Austria was, by her two marriages, Queen of Poland and Duchess of Lorraine.
May 30 Claudia Felicitas of Austria the eldest daughter of Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Austria, and his wife Anna de' Medici. She was Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, Archduchess of Austria, German Queen, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia as the spouse of Leopold I
Jun 1 Georg Muffat a Baroque composer. He is most well known for the remarkably articulate and informative performance directions printed along with his collections of string pieces Florilegium Primum and Florilegium Secundum in 1695 and 1698
Jun 12 Maria Amalia of Courland a German noblewoman. A princess of Courland from the Ketteler family, she was also Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel via her marriage on 21 May 1673 to her first cousin Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. She was the child of Jacob Kettler and Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg, eldest daughter of George William, Elector of Brandenburg
Jun 22 André-Hercule de Fleury a French cardinal who served as the chief minister of Louis XV.
Jun 28 Muhammad Azam Shah a Mughal prince who claimed the Mughal throne. He was the second son of the sixth Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and his Empress consort Dilras Banu Begum
Jul 5 Thomas Pitt a British merchant involved in trade with India.
Jul 9 Emperor Reigen the 112th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Aug 9 John Oldham (poet) an English satirical poet and translator.
Aug 10 Louis-Guillaume Pécour a French dancer and choreographer. He is most well known for his work with the Académie Royale de Musique
Aug 14 Christopher Monck 2nd Duke of Albemarle an English soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1667 to 1670 when he inherited the Dukedom and sat in the House of Lords.
Sep 1 Johann Pachelbel a German composer, organist and teacher who brought the south German organ tradition to its peak. He composed a large body of sacred and secular music, and his contributions to the development of the chorale prelude and fugue have earned him a place among the most important composers of the middle Baroque era
Oct 18 Abraham van Riebeeck a Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies. He was born in the Cape Colony in South Africa, and was the son of Jan van Riebeeck. One of Abraham's children was Johanna Maria van Riebeeck , who had married his predecessor Governor-General, Joan van Hoorn. After he finished his studies in the Netherlands in 1676, he entered the Dutch East India Company as a merchant
Nov 11 Carlo Ruzzini a Venetian diplomat, statesman and Doge.
Nov 19 Christian II Duke of Saxe-Merseburg a duke of Saxe-Merseburg and member of the House of Wettin.