Born in 1654

Jan 10 Joshua Barnes an English scholar. His work Gerania; a New Discovery of a Little Sort of People, anciently discoursed of, called Pygmies was an Utopian romance
Jan 22 Richard Blackmore remembered primarily as the object of satire and as an example of a dull poet. He was, however, a respected physician and religious writer
Feb 3 Pietro Antonio Fiocco an Italian Baroque composer.
Feb 15 Tsarevich Alexei Alexeyevich of Russia the second son and heir of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, brother of Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half-brother of Tsar Peter the Great. He died before he had a chance to succeed to the throne
Mar 16 Andreas Acoluthus a German scholar of orientalism and professor of theology at Breslau. A native of Bernstadt , Lower Silesia, he was the son of Johannes Acoluthus, pastor of Elisabeth and superintendent of the churches and schools of Breslau
Apr 27 Charles Blount (deist) an English deist and philosopher who published several anonymous essays critical of the existing English order.
May 4 Kangxi Emperor the fourth emperor of the Qing Dynasty, the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Pass and the second Qing emperor to rule over China proper, from 1661 to 1722.
May 23 Nicodemus Tessin the Younger a Swedish Baroque architect, city planner, and administrator.
Jun 4 Jean-François Gerbillon a French missionary, who worked in China.
Jun 23 Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst a member of the Albertine branch of the House of Wettin, and a princess of Saxe-Weissenfels and Querfurt by birth and by marriage Duchess of Anhalt-Zerbst.
Jun 23 Grzegorz Antoni Ogiński a Polish-Lithuanian Hetman and governor-general of the Duchy of Samogitia from 1698.
Jul 1 Louis Joseph Duke of Vendôme a French military commander during the War of the Grand Alliance and War of the Spanish Succession, Marshal of France.
Jul 21 Pedro Calungsod a Roman Catholic young Filipino blessed and was a migrant, sacristan and missionary catechist, who along with the Spanish Jesuit missionary, Diego Luis de San Vitores, suffered religious persecution and martyrdom in Guam for their missionary work in 1672.
Jul 25 Agostino Steffani an Italian ecclesiastic, diplomat and composer.
Aug 3 Charles I Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1670 to 1730.
Sep 16 Philippe Avril a Jesuit explorer of the Far East. He was born at Angoulême, France on 16 September 1654
Oct 23 Johann Bernhard Staudt an Austrian Jesuit composer.
Nov 27 Friedrich von Canitz a German poet and diplomat. He was one of the few German poets of his era that Frederick the Great enjoyed
Dec 14 Danylo Apostol in Moldavia-born Zaporozhian Cossack, who served in Russian Empire as Hetman of Zaporozhian Host of Left-bank of Dnieper. Daniel Apostol was forefather of Russian noble family Muravyov-Apostol
Dec 22 Edmond Martène a French Benedictine historian and liturgist.