1655 in history

1655 events chronologically

Mar 8 John Casor becomes the first legally-recognized slave in England's North American colonies where a crime was not committed
Mar 25 Saturn's largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christiaan Huygens
Apr 23 The Siege of Santo Domingo begins during the Anglo-Spanish War, and fails seven days later
May 10 England, with troops under the command of Admiral William Penn and General Robert Venables, annexes Jamaica from Spain
May 19 The Invasion of Jamaica begins during the Anglo-Spanish War
Jul 31 Russo-Polish War (1654–67): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years
Aug 23 Battle of Sobota: The Swedish Empire led by Charles X Gustav defeats the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

Top 7 most famous people born in 1655

Jan 1 Christian Thomasius a German jurist and philosopher.
Jan 6 Jacob Bernoulli one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family. He was an early proponent of Leibnizian calculus and had sided with Leibniz during the Leibniz–Newton calculus controversy. He is known for his numerous contributions to calculus, and along with his brother Johann, was one of the founders of the calculus of variations. However, his most important contribution was in the field of probability, where he derived the first version of the law of large numbers in his work Ars Conjectandi
Jan 6 Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg Holy Roman Empress as the spouse of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. Through her marriage, she was also Queen of Bohemia and Hungary, German Queen, and Archduchess of Austria. She served as Interim Regent in 1711. She was the paternal grandmother of Empress Maria Theresa
Jan 13 Bernard de Montfaucon a French Benedictine monk, and a scholar who founded the discipline of palaeography, as well as being an editor of works of the Fathers of the Church. He is also regarded to be one of the founders of modern archaeology
May 4 Bartolomeo Cristofori an Italian maker of musical instruments, generally regarded as the inventor of the piano.
May 13 Pope Innocent XIII born as Michelangelo dei Conti and was Pope from 8 May 1721 to his death in 1724. He is the last pope to date to take the pontifical name of "Innocent" upon his election
Nov 24 Charles XI of Sweden King of Sweden from 1660 until his death, in a period of Swedish history known as the Swedish empire.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1655

Jan 7 Pope Innocent X pope from 15 September 1644 to his death in 1655.
Feb 25 Daniel Heinsius one of the most famous scholars of the Dutch Renaissance.
Mar 28 Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg a German princess and queen consort of Sweden.
Jul 28 Cyrano de Bergerac a French dramatist and duelist. In fictional works about his life he is featured with an overly large nose, which people would travel from miles around to see. Portraits suggest that he did have a big nose, though not nearly as large as described in works about him. Cyrano's work furnished models and ideas for subsequent writers
Aug 31 Ole Worm a Danish physician and antiquary.
Oct 24 Pierre Gassendi a French philosopher, priest, scientist, astronomer, and mathematician. While he held a church position in south-east France, he also spent much time in Paris, where he was a leader of a group of free-thinking intellectuals. He was also an active observational scientist, publishing the first data on the transit of Mercury in 1631. The lunar crater Gassendi is named after him
Dec 31 Janusz Radziwiłł (1612–55) a notable Polish noble and magnate. Throughout his life he occupied a number of posts in the state administration, including that of Court Chamberlain of Lithuania and Field Hetman of Lithuania. He was also a voivode of Vilna Voivodeship, as well as a starost of Samogitia, Kamieniec, Kazimierz and Sejwy