Died in 1656

Jan 3 Mathieu Molé a French statesman.
Jan 17 Jerzy Tyszkiewicz auxiliary bishop of Vilnius from 1627 to 1633, bishop of Samogitia from 1633 to 1649, and bishop of Vilnius from 1649 to 1656.
Jan 22 Thomas Francis Prince of Carignano an Italian military commander, the founder of the Savoy-Carignano branch of the House of Savoy which reigned as kings of Sardinia from 1831 to 1861, and as kings of Italy from 1861 until the dynasty's deposition in 1946.
Feb 16 Johann Klaj born at Meissen in Saxony.
Feb 25 Henriette Catherine de Joyeuse the daughter of Henri de Joyeuse and Catherine de Nogaret. She married her first husband, Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Montpensier, on 15 May 1597 and her second husband, Charles, Duke of Guise, on 6 January 1611
Mar 19 Georg Calixtus a German Lutheran theologian who looked to reconcile all Christendom by removing all unimportant differences.
Mar 21 James Ussher Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland between 1625 and 1656. He was a prolific scholar, who most famously published a chronology that purported to establish the time and date of the creation as the night preceding Sunday, 23 October 4004 BC, according to the proleptic Julian calendar
Apr 24 Thomas Fincke a Danish mathematician and physicist, and a professor at the University of Copenhagen for more than 60 years.
Apr 27 Jan van Goyen a Dutch landscape painter. Van Goyen was an extremely prolific artist; approximately twelve hundred paintings and more than one thousand drawings by him are known
Apr 27 Gerard van Honthorst a Dutch Golden Age painter. Early in his career he visited Rome, where he had great success painting in a style influenced by Caravaggio. Following his return to the Netherlands he became a leading portrait painter
May 1 Carlo Contarini the 100th Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on March 27, 1655 until his death a little over a year later.
May 5 Władysław Dominik Zasławski a Polish nobleman of Ruthenian stock. Prince of The Princely Houses of Poland, Ostroh Ordynat, Grand Koniuszy of The Crown
May 17 Dirck Hals a Dutch painter of festivals and ballroom scenes. He was influenced by his elder brother Frans Hals
Jun 5 Francesco Cornaro (Doge) the 101st Doge of Venice. His reign as Doge was the shortest of any Doge. He was elected on May 17, 1656, and died only a few weeks later, on June 5, 1656
Jun 9 Thomas Tomkins a Welsh born composer of the late Tudor and early Stuart period. In addition to being one of the prominent members of the English Madrigal School, he was a skilled composer of keyboard and consort music, and the last member of the English virginalist school
Jul 2 François-Marie comte de Broglie a prominent soldier and commander in the Thirty Years' War. Born in Piedmont, he was originally known as Francesco-Maria di Broglia, conte di Revel before becoming naturalized in France after 1643
Jul 12 Marco Aurelio Severino an Italian surgeon and anatomist.
Jul 27 Salomo Glassius a German theologian and biblical critic born at Sondershausen, in the principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.
Aug 8 Salomon Koninck a Dutch painter of genre scenes and portraits, and an engraver.
Aug 11 Ottavio Piccolomini an Italian nobleman whose military career included service as a Spanish general and then as a field marshal of the Holy Roman Empire.
Aug 24 Aegidius Gelenius one of the most respected Cologne historians of his time. He had also at his disposal some Roman age sources that are not in existence today
Sep 8 Joseph Hall (bishop) an English bishop, satirist and moralist. His contemporaries knew him as a devotional writer, and a high-profile controversialist of the early 1640s. In church politics, he tended in fact to a middle way
Oct 3 Myles Standish an English military officer hired by the Pilgrims as military advisor for Plymouth Colony. One of the Mayflower passengers, Standish played a leading role in the administration and defense of Plymouth Colony from its inception. On February 17, 1621, the Plymouth Colony militia elected him as its first commander and continued to re-elect him to that position for the remainder of his life. Standish served as an agent of Plymouth Colony in England, as assistant governor, and as treasurer of Plymouth Colony. He was also one of the first settlers and founders of the town of Duxbury, Massachusetts
Oct 8 John George I Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1611 to 1656.
Nov 6 John IV of Portugal the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 1640 to his death. He was the grandson of Catherine, Duchess of Braganza, who had in 1580 claimed the Portuguese crown and sparked the struggle for the throne of Portugal. John IV was nicknamed John the Restorer. On the eve of his death in 1656, the Portuguese Empire reached its zenith, spanning around the globe
Nov 6 Jean-Baptiste Morin (mathematician) a French mathematician, astrologer, and astronomer.
Nov 12 Albrycht Stanisław Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian szlachcic, a Reichfürst and a politician from Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He served as the Lesser Lithuanian Chancellor from 1619, the Grand Chancellor of Lithuania and Starosta of Vilnius from 1623, was a member of the powerful Radziwiłł family, last of the Ołyka line, fourth to bear the name of Albert. During his life he was the influential politician. He was Catholic and staunch supporter of Counter-Reformation and enemy of Protestants
Nov 12 Hendrick van Anthonissen a Dutch marine painter.
Dec 27 Andrew White (Jesuit) an English Jesuit missionary who was involved in the founding of the Maryland colony. He was a chronicler of the early colony, and his writings are a primary source on the land, the Native Americans of the area, and the Jesuit mission in North America. For his efforts in converting and educating the native population, he is frequently referred to as the "Apostle of Maryland." He is considered a forefather of Georgetown University, and is memorialized in the name of its White-Gravenor building, a central location of offices and classrooms on the university's campus