1657 in history

1657 events chronologically

Mar 2 Great Fire of Meireki: A fire in Edo (now Tokyo), Japan, caused more than 100,000 deaths; it lasted three days
Apr 20 Freedom of religion is granted to the Jews of New Amsterdam (later New York City)
Apr 20 Admiral Robert Blake destroys a Spanish silver fleet under heavy fire at the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Oct 30 Spanish forces fail to retake Jamaica at the Battle of Ocho Rios during the Anglo-Spanish War
Dec 27 The Flushing Remonstrance is signed

Top 7 most famous people born in 1657

Feb 11 Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle a French author. Isaiah Berlin said Fontenelle "was the most civilized man of his time, and indeed of most times." In 1935, the lunar crater Fontenelle was named after him
Mar 24 Arai Hakuseki a Confucianist, scholar-bureaucrat, academic, administrator, writer and politician in Japan during the middle of the Edo Period, who advised the Shogun Tokugawa Ienobu. His personal name was Kinmi or Kimiyoshi. Hakuseki was his pen name. His father was a Kururi han samurai Arai Masazumi
Jul 11 Frederick I of Prussia Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia in personal union. The latter function he upgraded to royalty, becoming the first King in Prussia. From 1707 he was in personal union the sovereign prince of the Principality of Neuchâtel. He was also the paternal grandfather of Frederick the Great
Sep 25 Imre Thököly a Hungarian noble, leader of an anti-Habsburg uprising, Prince of Transylvania, and vassal king of Upper Hungary.
Sep 27 Sophia Alekseyevna of Russia regent of Russia from 1682 to 1689. She allied herself with a singularly capable courtier and politician, Prince Vasily Galitzine, to install herself during the minority of her brother Ivan V and half-brother Peter Her regency was carried out with a firm and heavy fist. She did not hesitate to use violent tactics to promote her agenda. The activity of this "bogatyr-tsarevna" was all the more extraordinary, as upper-class Muscovite women, confined to the upper-floor terem and veiled and guarded in public, invariably were kept aloof from any open involvement in politics
Nov 28 Philip Prospero Prince of Asturias the first son of Philip IV of Spain and Mariana of Austria to survive infancy. Philip IV had no male heir since the death of Balthasar Charles, his son by his first wife, Elisabeth of France, eleven years before, and the issue of succession, as Spain's strength continued to ebb, had become a matter of fervent and anxious prayer
Dec 15 Michel Richard Delalande a French Baroque composer and organist who was in the service of King Louis XIV. He was one of the most important composers of grands motets. He also wrote orchestral suites known as Simphonies pour les Soupers du Roy and ballets. His works foreshadowed the cantatas of JS Bach and the Water Music and oratorios of Handel

Top 7 most famous people died in 1657

Apr 2 Ferdinand III Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria.
May 16 Andrew Bobola a Polish missionary and martyr of the Society of Jesus, known as the Apostle of Lithuania and the "hunter of souls".
Jun 3 William Harvey an English physician. He was the first known to describe completely and in detail the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped to the brain and body by the heart, though earlier writers had provided precursors of the theory. After his death the William Harvey Hospital was constructed in the town of Ashford, several miles from his birthplace of Folkestone
Aug 6 Bohdan Khmelnytsky the Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He led an uprising against the Commonwealth and its magnates which resulted in the creation of a Cossack state. In 1654, he concluded the Treaty of Pereyaslav with the Tsardom of Russia
Aug 7 Robert Blake (admiral) one of the most important military commanders of the Commonwealth of England and one of the most famous English admirals of the 17th century, whose successes have "never been excelled, not even by Nelson" according to one biographer. Blake is recognised as the chief founder of England's naval supremacy, a dominance subsequently inherited by the British Royal Navy into the early 20th century. Despite this, due to deliberate attempts to expunge the Parliamentarians from history following the Restoration, Blake's achievements tend not to receive the full recognition that they deserve
Aug 19 Frans Snyders a Flemish painter of animals and still lifes.
Aug 29 John Lilburne an English political Leveller before, during and after the English Civil Wars 1642–1650. He coined the term "freeborn rights", defining them as rights with which every human being is born, as opposed to rights bestowed by government or human law. In his early life he was a Puritan, though towards the end of his life he became a Quaker. His works have been cited in opinions by the United States Supreme Court