1658 in history

1658 events chronologically

Mar 8 Treaty of Roskilde: After a devastating defeat in the Northern Wars (1655–1661), Frederick III, the King of Denmark-Norway is forced to give up nearly half his territory to Sweden to save the rest
Jun 3 Pope Alexander VII appoints François de Laval vicar apostolic in New France
Jun 25 Spanish forces fail to retake Jamaica at the Battle of Rio Nuevo during the Anglo-Spanish War
Jul 31 Aurangzeb is proclaimed Moghul emperor of India
Sep 3 Richard Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of England
Oct 29 Second Northern War: Naval forces of the Dutch Republic defeat the Swedes in the Battle of the Sound

Top 7 most famous people born in 1658

Feb 18 Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre a French author whose ideas were novel for his times. His proposal of an international organisation to maintain peace was perhaps the first in history, with the possible exception of George of Poděbrady's Tractatus. He influenced Rousseau and Kant
Apr 11 James Hamilton 4th Duke of Hamilton a Scottish nobleman, the Premier Peer of Scotland and Keeper of the Palace of Holyroodhouse. He was a Master of the Great Wardrobe, Master-General of the Ordnance, Ambassador, and Colonel-in-Chief of his regiment. Hamilton was a major investor in the failed Darien Scheme, which cost many of Scotland's ruling class their fortunes, and he played a leading role in the events leading up to the Act of Union in 1707. He died on 15 November 1712 as the result of a duel in Hyde Park, Westminster, with Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun, over a disputed inheritance
Apr 19 Johann Wilhelm Elector Palatine Elector Palatine , Duke Palatine of Neuburg/Danube , Duke of Jülich and Berg , and Duke of Upper Palatinate and Cham. From 1697 onwards Johann Wilhelm was also Count of Megen
Apr 22 Giuseppe Torelli an Italian violist, violinist, teacher, and composer.
Jul 10 Luigi Ferdinando Marsili an Italian soldier and naturalist.
Oct 5 Mary of Modena Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland as the second wife of James II and VII. A devout Catholic, Mary married the widowed James, who was the younger brother and heir presumptive of Charles II,. She was uninterested in politics and devoted to James and their children, two of whom survived to adulthood: the Jacobite claimant to the thrones, James Francis Edward, , and Louisa Maria Teresa
Nov 4 Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani a Georgian writer.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1658

Jan 13 Edward Sexby an English Puritan soldier and Leveller in the army of Oliver Cromwell. Later he turned against Cromwell and plotted his assassination
Apr 19 Robert Rich 2nd Earl of Warwick an English colonial administrator, admiral, and Puritan.
Apr 19 Kirsten Munk a Danish noble, the second spouse of King Christian IV of Denmark, and mother to twelve of his children.
Sep 3 Oliver Cromwell an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Oct 14 Francesco I d'Este Duke of Modena Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1629 until his death. The eldest son of Alfonso III d'Este, he became reigning duke after his father's abdication
Nov 8 Witte Corneliszoon de With a famous Dutch naval officer of the 17th century.
Dec 6 Baltasar Gracián a Spanish Jesuit and baroque prose writer and philosopher. He was born in Belmonte, near Calatayud. His proto-existentialist writings were lauded by Nietzsche and Schopenhauer