Born in 1659

Jan 4 James Pierpont (minister) credited with the founding of Yale University in the United States. In 1701, Pierpont, a graduate of The Roxbury Latin School and Harvard University, secured the charter for The Collegiate School of Connecticut, which soon thereafter took the surname of its benefactor Elihu Yale
Jan 13 Johann Arnold Nering a German Baroque architect in the service of Brandenburg-Prussia.
Jan 17 Antonio Veracini an Italian composer and violinist of the Baroque era.
Jan 18 Damaris Cudworth Masham an English philosopher.
Jan 21 Adriaen van der Werff an accomplished Dutch painter of portraits and erotic, devotional and mythological scenes. His brother, Pieter van der Werff , was his principal pupil and assistant
Feb 1 Jacob Roggeveen a Dutch explorer who was sent to find Terra Australis, but he instead came across Easter Island. Jacob Roggeveen also encountered Bora Bora and Maupiti of the Society Islands, Samoa. He planned the expedition along with his brother Jan Roggeveen, who stayed in the Netherlands
Feb 2 Theodore Eustace Count Palatine of Sulzbach the Count Palatine of Sulzbach from 1708 until 1732.
Feb 27 William Sherard an English botanist. Next to John Ray, he was considered to be one of the outstanding English botanists of his day
Mar 8 Isaac de Beausobre a French Protestant churchman, now best known for his history of Manichaeism, Histoire Critique de Manichée et du Manichéisme in two volumes.
Apr 15 Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt a Swedish general.
Jun 1 Christiane of Saxe-Merseburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
Jun 5 Wolfgang George Frederick von Pfalz-Neuburg an Auxiliary Bishop in the Diocese of Köln and elected Prince-Bishop of Breslau shortly before his death.
Jul 18 Hyacinthe Rigaud a French baroque painter of Catalan origin whose career was based in Paris.
Jul 28 Charles Ancillon a French jurist and diplomat.
Aug 1 Sebastiano Ricci an Italian painter of the late Baroque school of Venice. About the same age as Piazzetta, and an elder contemporary of Tiepolo, he represents a late version of the vigorous and luminous Cortonesque style of grand manner fresco painting
Aug 23 Henry Every an English pirate who operated in the Atlantic and Indian oceans in the mid-1690s. He likely used several aliases throughout his career, including Henry Bridgeman, and was known as Long Ben to his crewmen and associates. Dubbed "The Arch Pirate" and "The King of Pirates" by contemporaries, Every was the most notorious pirate of his time; he earned his infamy by becoming one of the few major pirate captains to retire with his loot without being arrested or killed in battle, and also for being the perpetrator of what has been called the most profitable pirate raid in history. Although Every's career as a pirate lasted only two years, his exploits captured the public's imagination, inspired others to take up piracy, and spawned numerous works of literature
Sep 10 Henry Purcell an English composer. Although incorporating Italian and French stylistic elements into his compositions, Purcell's legacy was a uniquely English form of Baroque music. He is generally considered to be one of the greatest English composers; no other native-born English composer approached his fame until Edward Elgar
Sep 12 Dirk Maas a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
Oct 22 Georg Ernst Stahl a German chemist, physician and philosopher. He was a supporter of vitalism, and until the late 18th century his works on phlogiston were accepted as an explanation for chemical processes. He died in Berlin
Dec 28 François Catrou a French historian, translator, and Jesuit priest.