Died in 1659

Jan 16 Charles Annibal Fabrot a French jurisconsult.
Feb 12 Duchess Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia an Electress of Saxony as the spouse of John George I, Elector of Saxony.
Feb 17 Abel Servien a French diplomat who served Cardinal Mazarin and signed for the French the Treaty of Westphalia. He was an early member of the noblesse de robe in the service of the French state
Feb 27 Henry Dunster an Anglo-American Puritan clergyman and the first president of Harvard College. Brackney says Dunster was "an important precursor" of the Baptist denomination in America, especially regarding infant baptism, soul freedom, religious liberty, congregational governance, and a radical biblicism
Mar 30 Aleksander Koniecpolski (1620–1659) a Polish nobleman. He became the Grand Standard-Bearer of the Crown in 1641, the Palatine of Sandomierz Voivodeship in 1656, and the Starost of Perejasław, Korsun, Płoskirow and Dolina. He was the son of the famous hetman Stanisław Koniecpolski
Apr 15 Simon Dach a Prussian German lyrical poet and writer of hymns, born in Memel in the Duchy of Prussia.
May 6 Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt the daughter of Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Magdalena von Brandenburg. She was born in Darmstadt, Hesse
Jun 3 Morgan Llwyd a Welsh Puritan preacher, poet and prose writer.
Jun 26 García Sarmiento de Sotomayor 2nd Count of Salvatierra a Spanish viceroy of New Spain and of Peru.
Aug 10 Frederick III Duke of Holstein-Gottorp a Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.
Aug 30 Dara Shikoh the eldest son and the heir-apparent of the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. His name دارا شكوه in Persian means "as magnificent as Dara". He was favoured as a successor by his father and his sister Princess Jahanara Begum Sahib, but was defeated by his younger brother Prince Muhiuddin in a bitter struggle for the imperial throne
Sep 5 Pieter de Carpentier a Dutch, or Flemish, administrator of the Dutch East India Company who served as Governor-General there from 1623 to 1627. The Gulf of Carpentaria in northern Australia is named after him
Sep 23 Bogusław Leszczyński a Polish noble and politician from Wielkopolska region. Traveled abroad from 1632-1636 with his tutor John Jonston, studied under Comenius
Sep 30 Giovanni Pesaro the 103rd Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on April 8, 1658 until his death. The Cretan War was ongoing for the entirety of his brief reign
Oct 8 Jean de Quen a French Jesuit missionary, priest and historian who discovered Lac Saint-Jean. As head of Jesuit missions of New France, he founded the missions to Saguenay. Jean de Quen was the first European to see Lake Piékouagami
Oct 10 Abel Tasman a Dutch seafarer, explorer, and merchant, best known for his voyages of 1642 and 1644 in the service of the Dutch East India Company. He was the first known European explorer to reach the islands of Van Diemen's Land and New Zealand, and to sight the Fiji islands. His navigator François Visscher and his merchant Isaack Gilsemans mapped substantial portions of Australia, New Zealand, and some Pacific Islands
Oct 31 John Bradshaw (judge) an English judge. He is most notable for his role President of the High Court of Justice for the trial of King Charles I and as the first Lord President of the Council of State of the English Commonwealth
Nov 6 Jérôme le Royer de la Dauversière a French nobleman who spent his life in serving the needs of the poor. A founder of the Société Notre-Dame de Montréal, he also helped to establish the French colony of Montreal. Although a layman, as part of that objective, he was the founder of the Congregation of the Religious Hospitallers of Joseph, Religious Sisters dedicated to the care of the sick poor. He has been declared Venerable by the Catholic Church