Died in 1660

Feb 2 Gaston Duke of Orléans the third son of King Henry IV of France and his wife Marie de Medici. As a son of the king, he was born a Fils de France. He later acquired the title Duke of Orléans, by which he was generally known during his adulthood. As the eldest surviving brother of King Louis XIII, he was known at court by the traditional honorific Monsieur
Feb 2 Govert Flinck a Dutch painter of the Dutch Golden Age.
Feb 10 Judith Leyster a Dutch Golden Age painter. Leyster painted genre works, a few portraits, and still lifes. The number of surviving works attributed to her varies between fewer than 20 and about 35
Feb 13 Charles X Gustav of Sweden King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. He was the son of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg and Catherine of Sweden. After his father's death he also succeeded him as Pfalzgraf. He was married to Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, who bore his son and successor, Charles Charles X Gustav was the second Wittelsbach king of Sweden after the childless king Christopher of Bavaria and he was the first king of the Swedish Caroline era, which had its peak during the end of the reign of his son, Charles He led Sweden during the Second Northern War, enlarging the Swedish Empire. By his predecessor Christina, he was considered de facto Duke of Eyland before ascending to the Swedish throne
Mar 1 Alexander III of Imereti a king of Imereti from 1639 to 1660.
Mar 15 Louise de Marillac the co-founder, with Saint Vincent de Paul, of the Daughters of Charity. She is venerated as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church
Apr 6 Giovanni Battista Hodierna an Italian astronomer at the court of the Duke of Montechiaro. He compiled a catalog of some 40 entries, including at least 19 real and verifiable nebulous objects that might be confused with comets. The work anticipated Messier's catalogue, but had little impact. Messier seems not to have known of it
Apr 25 Henry Hammond an English churchman.
Apr 26 Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate (1597–1660) the wife of George William, Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, and the mother of Frederick William of Brandenburg, the "Great Elector".
Apr 30 Jan Kazimierz Chodkiewicz a Polonized Lithuanian nobleman.
Apr 30 Petrus Scriverius a Dutch writer and scholar on the history of Holland and Belgium.
May 29 Frans van Schooten most known for popularizing the analytic geometry of René Descartes.
Jun 1 Mary Dyer an English and colonial American Puritan turned Quaker who was hanged in Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony, for repeatedly defying a Puritan law banning Quakers from the colony. She is one of the four executed Quakers known as the Boston martyrs
Jun 7 George II Rákóczi a Hungarian nobleman, Prince of Transylvania , the eldest son of George I and Zsuzsanna Lorántffy.
Jun 30 William Oughtred The Rev. William Oughtred was an English mathematician and Anglican minister
Jul 14 Maria Gonzaga Duchess of Montferrat an Italian princess of the House of Gonzaga: she was Regent in Mantua during the minority of her son from 1637 until 1647, and reigning sovereign duchess of Montferrat from 1612 until 1660.
Jul 27 Giovanni Battista Vanni an Italian painter and engraver of the Baroque period.
Aug 6 Diego Velázquez a Spanish painter who was the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV and one of the most important painters of the Spanish Golden Age. He was an individualistic artist of the contemporary Baroque period, important as a portrait artist. In addition to numerous renditions of scenes of historical and cultural significance, he painted scores of portraits of the Spanish royal family, other notable European figures, and commoners, culminating in the production of his masterpiece Las Meninas
Aug 10 Esmé Stewart 2nd Duke of Richmond the son of James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond and Mary Villiers, daughter of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham.
Sep 12 Jacob Cats a Dutch poet, humorist, jurist and politician. He is most famous for his emblem books
Sep 27 Vincent de Paul a priest of the Catholic Church who dedicated himself to serving the poor. He is venerated as a saint in the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. He was canonized in 1737. De Paul was renowned for his compassion, humility, and generosity and is known as the "Great Apostle of Charity"
Oct 4 Francesco Albani an Italian Baroque painter who was active in Bologna , Rome , Bologna , Viterbo , Bologna , Rome , Bologna , Mantova , Roma and Florence.
Oct 6 Paul Scarron a French poet, dramatist, and novelist, born in Paris. His precise birthdate is unknown, but he was baptized on July 4, 1610. Scarron was the first husband of Françoise d'Aubigné, who later became Madame de Maintenon and secretly married King Louis XIV of France
Oct 17 Adrian Scrope the twenty seventh of the fifty nine Commissioners who signed the Death Warrant of King Charles He was hanged, drawn and quartered at Charing Cross after the restoration of Charles II.
Nov 5 Lucy Hay Countess of Carlisle an English courtier known for her beauty and wit. She was involved in many political intrigues during the English Civil War
Nov 5 Alexandre de Rhodes a French Jesuit missionary and lexicographer who had a lasting impact on Christianity in Vietnam. He wrote the Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum, the first trilingual Vietnamese-Portuguese-Latin dictionary published in Rome in 1651
Dec 1 Pierre d'Hozier a French genealogist.
Dec 19 Ove Gjedde a Danish admiral and member of the interim government that followed the death of Christian IV and imposed harsh restrictions on Frederick III due to his close ties to Germany.
Dec 22 André Tacquet a brabantian mathematician and Jesuit Priest. His work prepared ground for the eventual discovery of the calculus
Dec 24 Mary Princess Royal and Princess of Orange Princess of Orange and Countess of Nassau as the wife of Prince William She was the eldest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland, and Ireland and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France. Her only child later reigned as King William III of England and Ireland and II of Scotland