Born in 1661

Jan 19 Thomas Venner a cooper and rebel who became the last leader of the Fifth Monarchy Men, who tried unsuccessfully to overthrow Oliver Cromwell in 1657, and subsequently led a coup in London against the newly restored government of Charles This event, known as "Venner's Rising", lasted four days before the Royal authorities captured the rebels. The rebel leadership suffered execution on 19 January 1661
Jan 25 Antonio I Prince of Monaco the Prince of Monaco from 1701 to 1731. He was the elder son of Louis I, Prince of Monaco and Catherine Charlotte de Gramont
Jan 30 Charles Rollin a French historian and educator. He was born in Paris
Feb 28 Tripo Kokolja a Venetian painter from the Bay of Kotor. He is chiefly remembered today for introducing the still life and landscape painting into the art of the eastern Adriatic
Mar 25 Paul de Rapin a French historian writing under English patronage.
Apr 11 Antoine Coypel a history painter, the more famous son of the French painter Noël Coypel.
Apr 16 Charles Montagu 1st Earl of Halifax an English poet and statesman.
Apr 21 Georg Joseph Kamel a Czech Jesuit missionary and botanist to the Philippines. He is the author of the first descriptions of the Philippine flora and fauna. Also the first depiction of Philippine tarsier comes from Kamel. He was also the founder of the first Philippine Botanical Garden and first Philippine farmacy from where he treated a large population of the Luzon island. The well known genus of flowering plants Camellia was named in his honour by Carolus Linnaeus
May 7 Sophie Marie of Hesse-Darmstadt a member of the House of Hesse and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Eisenberg.
May 9 Jahandar Shah a Mughal Emperor who ruled India for a brief period in 1712–1713. His title was Shahanshah-i-Ghazi Abu'l Fath Mu'izz-ud-Din Muhammad Jahandar Shah Sahib-i-Quran Padshah-i-Jahan
May 25 Claude Buffier born in Poland of French parents, who returned to France and settled at Rouen soon after his birth.
Jun 6 Giacomo Antonio Perti an Italian composer of the Baroque era. He was mainly active at Bologna, where he was Maestro di Cappella for sixty years. He was the teacher of Giuseppe Torelli and Giovanni Battista Martini
Jun 9 Feodor III of Russia the Tsar of all Russia between 1676 and 1682.
Jul 16 Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville a soldier, ship captain, explorer, colonial administrator, knight of the order of Saint-Louis, adventurer, privateer, trader, member of Compagnies Franches de la Marine and founder of the French colony of Louisiana of New France.
Aug 8 Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg a German aristocrat and general of Brandenburg-Prussian descent who served in the Saxon and Venetian armies in the early 18th century and found a second career in retirement in Venice, as a grand collector and patron. His sister was Melusine von der Schulenburg, Duchess of Kendal. His father was Gustavus Adolphus Baron von der Schulenberg
Sep 2 Heinrich Duke of Saxe-Merseburg a duke of Saxe-Merseburg and member of the House of Wettin.
Sep 2 Georg Böhm a German Baroque organist and composer. He is notable for his development of the chorale partita and for his influence on the young S. Bach
Oct 7 Sukjong of Joseon the 19th king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea from 1674 to 1720. A skilled politician, he caused multiple changes of political alliance throughout his reign, switching between the Southerner, Westerner, Soron, and Noron political factions
Oct 11 Melchior de Polignac a French diplomat, Roman Catholic cardinal and neo-Latin poet.
Oct 27 Fyodor Apraksin one of the first Russian admirals, governed Estonia and Karelia from 1712 to 1723, was made general admiral , presided over the Russian Admiralty from 1718 and commanded the Baltic Fleet from 1723.
Nov 1 Louis Grand Dauphin the eldest son and heir of Louis XIV, King of France, and his spouse, Maria Theresa of Spain. As the heir apparent to the French throne, he was styled Dauphin. He became known as Le Grand Dauphin after the birth of his own son, Le Petit Dauphin. As he died before his father, he never became king
Nov 1 Florent Carton Dancourt born at Fontainebleau. He belonged to a family of rank, and his parents entrusted his education to Pere de la Rue, a Jesuit, who made earnest efforts to induce him to join the order. But he had no religious vocation and proceeded to study law
Nov 4 Charles III Philip Elector Palatine a ruler from the house of Wittelsbach. He was Elector Palatine, Count of Palatinate-Neuburg, and Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1716 to 1742. Until 1728 Charles III Philip was also Count of Megen
Nov 6 Charles II of Spain the last Habsburg ruler of Spain. His realm included Southern Netherlands and Spain's overseas empire, stretching from the Americas to the Spanish East Indies. Known as "the Bewitched" , he is noted for his extensive physical, intellectual, and emotional disabilities—along with his consequent ineffectual rule
Nov 15 Christoph von Graffenried led a group of Swiss and Palatine Germans to North Carolina in British North America in 1705. He later authored Relation of My American Project, an account of the establishment of New Bern
Nov 18 Elisabeth Henriette of Hesse-Kassel the daughter of William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Hedwig Sophia of Brandenburg a sister of Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg.
Nov 28 Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach a German noblewomen, and by her marriage to Ernest Louis countess of Hesse-Darmstadt. The marriage took place in 1 December 1687
Nov 28 Edward Hyde 3rd Earl of Clarendon perhaps best known for the claims of his cross-dressing while in office.
Dec 5 Robert Harley 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer a British politician and statesman of the late Stuart and early Georgian periods. He began his career as a Whig, before defecting to a new Tory Ministry. Between 1711 and 1714 he served as Lord High Treasurer, effectively Queen Anne's chief minister. He has been called a Prime Minister, though it is generally accepted that the position was first held by Sir Robert Walpole in 1721
Dec 18 Christopher Polhem a Swedish scientist, inventor and industrialist. He made significant contributions to the economic and industrial development of Sweden, particularly mining