Died in 1661

Feb 2 Lucas Holstenius the Latinized name of Lukas Holste , German Catholic humanist, geographer and historian.
Feb 5 Shunzhi Emperor the third emperor of the Qing dynasty and the first Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1644 to 1661. A committee of Manchu princes chose him to succeed his father, Hong Taiji , in September 1643, when he was five years old. The princes also appointed two co-regents: Dorgon , fourteenth son of Qing founder Nurhaci , and Jirgalang , one of Nurhaci's nephews, both of whom were members of the Qing imperial clan
Feb 7 Shah Shuja (Mughal prince) the second son of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and empress Mumtaz Mahal.
Mar 1 Richard Zouch an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1621 to 1624.
Mar 9 Cardinal Mazarin an Italian cardinal, diplomat, and politician, who served as the chief minister of France from 1642 until his death. Mazarin succeeded his mentor, Cardinal Richelieu. He was a noted collector of art and jewels, particularly diamonds, and he bequeathed the "Mazarin diamonds" to Louis XIV in 1661, some of which remain in the collection of the Louvre museum in Paris. His personal library was the origin of the Bibliothèque Mazarine in Paris
Mar 23 Pieter de Molijn a Dutch Golden Age painter and engraver born in England.
Apr 4 Alexander Leslie 1st Earl of Leven a Scottish soldier in Dutch, Swedish and Scottish service. Born illegitimate and raised as a foster child, he subsequently advanced to the rank of a Dutch captain, a Swedish Field Marshal, and in Scotland became lord general in command of the Covenanters, privy councillor, captain of Edinburgh Castle, Lord Balgonie and Earl of Leven
Apr 7 Sir William Brereton 1st Baronet an English writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1628 and 1659. He was a commander in the Parliamentary army in the English Civil War
May 27 Archibald Campbell 1st Marquess of Argyll the de facto head of government in Scotland during most of the conflict known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, also known as the British Civil War. He was a major figure in the Covenanter movement that fought for the Presbyterian religion and what they saw as Scottish interests during the English Civil War of the 1640s and 1650s. He is often remembered as the arch-enemy of the royalist general James Graham, 1st Marquis of Montrose
Jun 3 Gottfried Scheidt a German composer and organist.
Jun 11 George II Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1626 - 1661. He was the son of Ludwig V and Magdalene of Brandenburg
Jun 21 Andrea Sacchi an Italian painter of High Baroque Classicism, active in Rome. A generation of artists who shared his style of art include the painters Nicolas Poussin and Giovanni Battista Passeri, the sculptors Alessandro Algardi and François Duquesnoy, and the contemporary biographer Giovanni Bellori
Jul 25 Bernard de Nogaret de La Valette d'Épernon the son of Jean Louis de Nogaret de La Valette and Marguerite de Foix-Candale, granddaughter of the constable of Montmorency. Through his mother's line, Bernard could also claim the English title of Earl of Kendal, originally granted to his ancestor John de Foix in 1446
Aug 5 Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen an English painter of portraits of Dutch or Flemish parentage. He was active in England, at least from 1618 to 1643. He moved to Middelburg in the Netherlands in 1643. Between 1646 and 1652 he lived in Amsterdam, before settling in Utrecht, where he was buried
Aug 6 Marie Angélique Arnauld Abbess of the Abbey of Port-Royal, which under her abbacy became a center of Jansenism.
Aug 16 Thomas Fuller an English churchman and historian. He is now remembered for his writings, particularly his Worthies of England, published after his death. He was a prolific author, and one of the first English writers able to live by his pen
Aug 23 Tokugawa Yorifusa a Japanese daimyo of the early Edo period.
Aug 29 Louis Couperin a French Baroque composer and performer. He was born in Chaumes-en-Brie and moved to Paris in 1650–1651 with the help of Jacques Champion de Chambonnières. Couperin worked as organist of the Church of Gervais in Paris and as musician at the court. He quickly became one of the most prominent Parisian musicians, establishing himself as a harpsichordist, organist, and violist, but his career was cut short by his early death at the age of thirty-five
Sep 11 Jan Fyt a Flemish Baroque animal painter and etcher.
Sep 12 Christoph Bach (musician) a German musician of the Baroque period. He was the grandfather of Johann Sebastian Bach
Sep 16 Cornelis Vroom a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
Oct 4 Jacqueline Pascal born at Clermont-Ferrand, Auvergne, France.
Oct 6 Guru Har Rai the seventh of the Sikh Gurus. He became Guru on 8 March 1644 following the footsteps of his grandfather. Just before his death at age 31, Guru Har Rai Sahib passed the Guru Gaddi to his younger son, the five year old Guru Har Krishan
Oct 25 Lucas de Wael a Flemish painter, engraver and merchant. He was born in Antwerp and worked for some time in Genoa in Italy before returning to Antwerp, where he died
Oct 31 Köprülü Mehmed Pasha the founder of the Albanian Köprülü political dynasty of the Ottoman Empire, a family of viziers, warriors, and statesmen who dominated the administration of the Ottoman Empire during the last half of the 17th century, an era known as the Köprülü era. He helped rebuild the power of the empire by rooting out corruption and reorganizing the Ottoman army. As he introduced these changes, Köprülü also expanded the borders of the empire, defeating the Cossacks, the Hungarians, and most impressively, the Venetians. Köprülü's effectiveness was matched by his reputation
Nov 1 Philip Prospero Prince of Asturias the first son of Philip IV of Spain and Mariana of Austria to survive infancy. Philip IV had no male heir since the death of Balthasar Charles, his son by his first wife, Elisabeth of France, eleven years before, and the issue of succession, as Spain's strength continued to ebb, had become a matter of fervent and anxious prayer
Nov 2 Daniel Seghers particularly well known for his contributions to the genre of "flower garland" painting. His paintings were collected enthusiastically by courtly patrons and he had numerous imitators. He was the elder brother of the painter Gerard Seghers
Nov 10 Bernardino Spada housed in the Palazzo Spada in Rome.
Nov 11 David Ryckaert III a Flemish Baroque painter. He started his career as a landscape painter but later specialized in genre paintings
Nov 26 Luis Méndez de Haro a Spanish nobleman, political figure and general.
Nov 27 Teofila Zofia Sobieska a Polish noblewoman , mother of Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland.
Nov 29 Brian Walton (bishop) an English priest, divine and scholar.
Dec 14 Murad Bakhsh a Mughal prince as the youngest son of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and his Empress consort Mumtaz Mahal. He was the Subedar of Balkh until he was replaced by his brother Aurangzeb in the year 1647
Dec 29 Antoine Girard de Saint-Amant born near Rouen.