1663 in history

1663 events chronologically

Mar 24 The Province of Carolina is granted by charter to eight Lords Proprietor in reward for their assistance in restoring Charles II of England to the throne
Jul 8 Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal charter to Rhode Island
Jul 27 The English Parliament passes the second Navigation Act requiring that all goods bound for the American colonies have to be sent in English ships from English ports

Top 7 most famous people born in 1663

Feb 12 Cotton Mather a socially and politically influential New England Puritan minister, prolific author and pamphleteer. Noted for fostering the Salem witch trials, Cotton Mather also has a scientific legacy due to his hybridization experiments and his promotion of inoculation for disease prevention
Mar 22 August Hermann Francke a German Lutheran clergyman, philanthropist, and Biblical scholar.
Aug 9 Ferdinando de' Medici Grand Prince of Tuscany the eldest son of Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Marguerite Louise d'Orléans. Ferdinando was heir to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, with the title Grand Prince, from his father's accession in 1670 until his death in 1713. He is remembered today primarily as a patron of music. An excellent musician himself , he attracted top musicians to Florence and thus made it an important musical center. Through his patronage of Bartolomeo Cristofori, Ferdinando made possible the invention of the piano in 1700
Aug 31 Guillaume Amontons a French scientific instrument inventor and physicist. He was one of the pioneers in tribology
Oct 18 Prince Eugene of Savoy a general and statesman of the Holy Roman Empire and the Austrian monarchy and one of the most successful military commanders in modern European history, rising to the highest offices of state at the Imperial court in Vienna. Born in Paris, Eugene grew up around the French court of King Louis XIV. Based on his poor physique and bearing, the Prince was initially prepared for a career in the church, but by the age of 19 he had determined on a military career. Rejected by Louis XIV for service in the French army, Eugene moved to Austria and transferred his loyalty to the Habsburg Monarchy
Nov 13 Árni Magnússon an Icelandic scholar and collector of manuscripts. He assembled the Arnamagnæan Manuscript Collection
Nov 14 Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow a German musician and composer of vocal and keyboard music.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1663

Mar 20 Biagio Marini an Italian virtuoso violinist and composer of the first half of the seventeenth century.
Jun 4 William Juxon an English churchman, Bishop of London from 1633 to 1649 and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1660 until his death. As Lord High Treasurer and First Lord of the Admiralty, Juxon was the last English clergyman to hold both secular and clerical offices in the medieval tradition of clerical state service
Jul 16 William VI Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1637 to 1663.
Sep 18 Joseph of Cupertino O.F.M. Conv. was an Italian Conventual Franciscan friar who is honored as a Christian mystic and saint. He was said to have been remarkably unclever, but prone to miraculous levitation and intense ecstatic visions that left him gaping.:iii
Dec 17 Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba a 17th-century queen of the Ndongo and Matamba Kingdoms of the Mbundu people in Angola.
Dec 27 Christine Marie of France the sister of Louis XIII and the Duchess of Savoy by marriage. At the death of her husband Victor Amadeus I in 1637, she acted as regent of Savoy between 1637 and 1648
Dec 28 Francesco Maria Grimaldi an Italian Jesuit priest, mathematician and physicist who taught at the Jesuit college in Bologna. He was born in Bologna to Paride Grimaldi and Anna Cattani