Born in 1663

Jan 20 Luca Carlevarijs an Italian painter and engraver of landscapes.
Feb 1 Ignacia del Espíritu Santo a Filipino Religious Sister of the Roman Catholic Church.
Feb 12 Cotton Mather a socially and politically influential New England Puritan minister, prolific author and pamphleteer. Noted for fostering the Salem witch trials, Cotton Mather also has a scientific legacy due to his hybridization experiments and his promotion of inoculation for disease prevention
Feb 25 Peter Anthony Motteux an English author, playwright, and translator. Motteux was a significant figure in the evolution of English journalism in his era, as the publisher and editor of The Gentleman's Journal, "the first English magazine," from 1692 to 1694
Mar 6 Francis Atterbury an English man of letters, politician and bishop. A High Church Tory and Jacobite, he gained patronage under Queen Anne, but was mistrusted by the Hanoverian Whig ministries, and banished for communicating with the Old Pretender. He was a noted wit and a gifted preacher
Mar 7 Tomaso Antonio Vitali an Italian composer and violinist from Bologna, the eldest son of Giovanni Battista Vitali. He is known mainly for a chaconne in G minor for violin and continuo, which was published from a manuscript in the Sächsische Landesbibliothek in Dresden in Die Hoch Schule des Violinspiels edited by German violinist Ferdinand David. That work's wide-ranging modulations into distant keys have raised speculation that it could not be a genuine baroque work
Mar 16 Jean-Baptiste Matho a French composer of the Baroque era. Born in Montfort-sur-Meu near Rennes, his name was originally F. Thomassin. As a child, Matho attracted attention for the quality of his singing voice and he was sent to Versailles where he began a career as one of the king's musicians. In 1720, he became Master of the King's Music and was charged with the musical education of the young Louis XV alongside François Couperin and Jean-Joseph Mouret. He wrote several works for the stage, including the tragédie en musique Arion as well as ballets and other divertissements
Mar 22 August Hermann Francke a German Lutheran clergyman, philanthropist, and Biblical scholar.
Mar 27 Johann Andreas Eisenbarth a German surgeon who was a native of Oberviechtach, Bavaria.
May 20 William Bradford (Colonial printer) an early English printer in North America. He is best known as "the pioneer printer of the Middle colonies" and the head of a family that included publishers for 140 years. He was also known for controversies regarding freedom of the press
May 28 António Manoel de Vilhena the 66th Prince and Grand Master of the Order of Malta from 19 June 1722 to his death in 1736.
Jun 24 Jean Baptiste Massillon Cong. Orat. , was a French Catholic bishop and famous preacher, who served as Bishop of Clermont from 1717 until his death
Jul 1 Franz Xaver Murschhauser a German composer and theorist.
Aug 5 Charles-Armand de Gontaut duc de Biron a French military leader who served with distinction under Louis XIV and Louis XV, and was made a Marshal of France by the latter.
Aug 9 Ferdinando de' Medici Grand Prince of Tuscany the eldest son of Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Marguerite Louise d'Orléans. Ferdinando was heir to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, with the title Grand Prince, from his father's accession in 1670 until his death in 1713. He is remembered today primarily as a patron of music. An excellent musician himself , he attracted top musicians to Florence and thus made it an important musical center. Through his patronage of Bartolomeo Cristofori, Ferdinando made possible the invention of the piano in 1700
Aug 31 Guillaume Amontons a French scientific instrument inventor and physicist. He was one of the pioneers in tribology
Sep 25 Johann Nikolaus Hanff a North German organist and composer. Hanff was born in Wechmar in Thuringia and worked in Eutin, Hamburg and Schleswig
Sep 28 Henry FitzRoy 1st Duke of Grafton the illegitimate son of King Charles II by Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine.
Oct 9 Giovanni Mario Crescimbeni an Italian critic and poet. Crescimbeni was born in Macerata, which was then part of the Papal States
Oct 18 Prince Eugene of Savoy a general and statesman of the Holy Roman Empire and the Austrian monarchy and one of the most successful military commanders in modern European history, rising to the highest offices of state at the Imperial court in Vienna. Born in Paris, Eugene grew up around the French court of King Louis XIV. Based on his poor physique and bearing, the Prince was initially prepared for a career in the church, but by the age of 19 he had determined on a military career. Rejected by Louis XIV for service in the French army, Eugene moved to Austria and transferred his loyalty to the Habsburg Monarchy
Oct 23 Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach a princess of Brandenburg-Ansbach and through her marriage duchess of Württemberg-Winnental.
Nov 13 Árni Magnússon an Icelandic scholar and collector of manuscripts. He assembled the Arnamagnæan Manuscript Collection
Nov 14 Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow a German musician and composer of vocal and keyboard music.