1664 in history

1664 events chronologically

May 7 Louis XIV of France inaugurates the Palace of Versailles
Aug 1 Ottoman forces are defeated in the battle of Saint Gotthard by an Austrian army led by Raimondo Montecuccoli, resulting in the Peace of Vasvár
Sep 24 The Dutch Republic surrenders New Amsterdam to England
Oct 28 The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established

Top 7 most famous people born in 1664

Jan 24 John Vanbrugh an English architect and dramatist, perhaps best known as the designer of Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard. He wrote two argumentative and outspoken Restoration comedies, The Relapse and The Provoked Wife , which have become enduring stage favourites but originally occasioned much controversy. He was knighted in 1714
Feb 6 Mustafa II the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1695 to 1703.
Feb 26 Nicolas Fatio de Duillier a Swiss mathematician known for his work on the zodiacal light problem, for his very close relationship with Isaac Newton, for his role in the Newton Leibniz calculus controversy, and for originating the "push" or "shadow" theory of gravitation. He also developed and patented a method of perforating jewels for use in clocks
May 20 Andreas Schlüter a German baroque sculptor and architect associated with the Petrine Baroque style of architecture and decoration.
May 30 Giulio Alberoni an Italian cardinal and statesman in the service of Philip V of Spain. He is known also for being a remarkable soldier and great gourmet who advised the Spanish court on table manners and menus
Jun 3 Rachel Ruysch a Dutch still life painter who specialized in flowers. She achieved international fame in her lifetime, and was the best documented woman painter of the Dutch Golden Age. Art historians assess Ruysch to be one of the most talented still life artists among both men and women. By her death at age 86 she had produced more than 250 paintings
Jun 15 Jean Meslier a French Catholic priest who was discovered, upon his death, to have written a book-length philosophical essay promoting atheism. Described by the author as his "testament" to his parishioners, the text denounces all religion

Top 7 most famous people died in 1664

Mar 30 Guru Har Krishan the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. He became Guru on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. After his death, his granduncle Guru Tegh Bahadur became the next Guru of the Sikhs
May 5 Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione an Italian Baroque artist, painter, printmaker and draftsman, of the Genoese school. He is best known now for his elaborate engravings, and as the inventor of the printmaking technique of monotyping. He was known as Il Grechetto in Italy and in France as Le Benédette
Jul 11 Jan Janssonius a Dutch cartographer and publisher who lived and worked in Amsterdam in the 17th century.
Jul 16 Andreas Gryphius a German lyric poet and dramatist.
Aug 22 Maria Cunitz an accomplished German astronomer, and one of the most notable female astronomers of the modern era. She authored a book Urania propitia, in which she provided new tables, new ephemera, and a more elegant solution to Kepler's problem. The Cunitz crater on Venus is named after her. The minor planet 12624 Mariacunitia is named in her honour
Aug 27 Francisco de Zurbarán a Spanish painter. He is known primarily for his religious paintings depicting monks, nuns, and martyrs, and for his still-lifes. Zurbarán gained the nickname Spanish Caravaggio, owing to the forceful, realistic use of chiaroscuro in which he excelled
Nov 18 Miklós Zrínyi a Croatian and Hungarian military leader, statesman and poet. He was a member of the House of Zrinski , a Croatian-Hungarian noble family. He is the author of the first epic poem in Hungarian literature