Born in 1664

Jan 4 Lars Roberg a Swedish physician.
Jan 17 Antonio Salvi an Italian physician, court poet and librettist. He was in the service of the ducal court in Florence and the favourite librettist of Prince Ferdinando de' Medici. Salvi was one of the developers of the opera seria
Jan 20 Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina an Italian man of letters and jurist. He was born at Roggiano Gravina, a small town near Cosenza, in Calabria
Jan 24 John Vanbrugh an English architect and dramatist, perhaps best known as the designer of Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard. He wrote two argumentative and outspoken Restoration comedies, The Relapse and The Provoked Wife , which have become enduring stage favourites but originally occasioned much controversy. He was knighted in 1714
Feb 6 Mustafa II the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1695 to 1703.
Feb 13 Teodor Andrzej Potocki a Polish nobleman , Primate of Poland, interrex in 1733.
Feb 23 Georg Dietrich Leyding a German composer and organist associated with the North German school.
Feb 26 Nicolas Fatio de Duillier a Swiss mathematician known for his work on the zodiacal light problem, for his very close relationship with Isaac Newton, for his role in the Newton Leibniz calculus controversy, and for originating the "push" or "shadow" theory of gravitation. He also developed and patented a method of perforating jewels for use in clocks
Mar 12 Moritz Wilhelm Duke of Saxe-Zeitz a duke of Saxe-Zeitz and member of the House of Wettin.
Apr 6 Arvid Horn a Swedish soldier, diplomat and politician. He served twice as President of the Privy Council Chancellery and was one of the leading figures of the Swedish Age of Liberty
Apr 30 François Louis Prince of Conti Prince de Conti, succeeding his brother Louis Armand in 1685. Until this date he used the title of Prince of La Roche-sur-Yon. He was son of Armand de Bourbon and Anne Marie Martinozzi, herself a niece of Cardinal Mazarin. He is the most famous member of the Conti family, a cadet branch of the Princes of Condé. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang
May 20 Andreas Schlüter a German baroque sculptor and architect associated with the Petrine Baroque style of architecture and decoration.
May 30 Giulio Alberoni an Italian cardinal and statesman in the service of Philip V of Spain. He is known also for being a remarkable soldier and great gourmet who advised the Spanish court on table manners and menus
Jun 3 Rachel Ruysch a Dutch still life painter who specialized in flowers. She achieved international fame in her lifetime, and was the best documented woman painter of the Dutch Golden Age. Art historians assess Ruysch to be one of the most talented still life artists among both men and women. By her death at age 86 she had produced more than 250 paintings
Jun 15 Jean Meslier a French Catholic priest who was discovered, upon his death, to have written a book-length philosophical essay promoting atheism. Described by the author as his "testament" to his parishioners, the text denounces all religion
Jun 22 Johann Ernst III Duke of Saxe-Weimar a duke of Saxe-Weimar.
Jun 24 François Pourfour du Petit a French anatomist, ophthalmologist and surgeon who was a native of Paris.
Jun 28 Nicolas Bernier a French composer.
Jul 18 Count Palatine Francis Louis of Neuburg bishop and archbishop of several dioceses, prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire, and Hochmeister of the Teutonic Order.
Jul 21 Matthew Prior an English poet and diplomat. He is also known as a contributor to The Examiner
Aug 12 Magnus Stenbock a Swedish military officer at the time of the Great Northern War.
Aug 20 János Pálffy a Hungarian noble, Imperial Field marshal and Palatine of Hungary.
Sep 5 Louis Antoine de Pardaillan de Gondrin a French nobleman. He was painted by Rigaud
Sep 7 Johann Georg von Eckhart a German historian and linguist.
Oct 12 Praskovia Saltykova the tsaritsa of Russia as the only wife of Ivan V of Russia. She was the mother of Empress Anna of Russia. She played an important part as the most senior female of the Russian court in 1698–1712
Nov 9 Johann Speth a German organist and composer. He was born in Speinshart, some 150 km from Nuremberg, but spent most of his life in Augsburg, where he worked as cathedral organist for two years. His only surviving music is a 1693 collection, Ars Magna Consoni et Dissoni, which includes toccatas, Magnificat versets and variations in south German style
Nov 9 Henry Wharton an English writer and librarian.
Nov 18 Charles of Mecklenburg-Güstrow the hereditary prince of Mecklenburg-Güstrow. He was a son of Gustavus Adolph and his wife Magdalene Sibylle née Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp, a daughter of Frederick III
Dec 15 Azim-ush-Shan the second son of Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah I, by his second wife, Maharajkumari Amrita Bai Sahiba. He was also the grandson of emperor Aurangzeb, during whose reign, he was the subedar of Bengal Subah, Bihar and Odisha from 1697 to his death in 1712, at the age of 47