Died in 1664

Jan 8 Moses Amyraut a French Protestant theologian and metaphysician. He is perhaps most noted for his modifications to Calvinist theology regarding the nature of Christ's atonement, which is referred to as Amyraldism or Amyraldianism
Jan 14 Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans born a Princess of France and was the Duchess of Savoy as the first wife of Charles Emmanuel She was a first cousin of Louis XIV as well of her husband. She was the shortest Savoyard consort dying at the age of fifteen, childless
Jan 20 Isaac Ambrose an English Puritan divine. He graduated with a from Brasenose College, Oxford, on 1624. He obtained the cure of Castleton, Derbyshire in 1627. He was one of king's four preachers in Lancashire in 1631. He was twice imprisoned by commissioners of array. He worked for establishment of Presbyterianism; successively at Leeds, Preston, and Garstang, from whence he was ejected for nonconformity in 1662. He also published religious works
Jan 27 Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria an Archduke of Austria and Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights. He was also the bishop of Olmütz, and Breslau, Passau
Feb 17 Ivan Bohun a Ukrainian Cossack colonel. Close associate and friend of Bohdan Khmelnytsky, he opposed both the pacts with Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and with Tsardom of Russia
Mar 16 Ivan Vyhovsky a hetman of the Ukrainian Cossacks during three years of the Russo-Polish War. He was the successor to the famous hetman and rebel leader Bohdan Khmelnytsky. His time as hetman was characterized by his generally pro-Polish policies, which led to his defeat by pro-Russian faction among the Cossacks
Mar 30 Guru Har Krishan the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. He became Guru on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. After his death, his granduncle Guru Tegh Bahadur became the next Guru of the Sikhs
May 5 Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione an Italian Baroque artist, painter, printmaker and draftsman, of the Genoese school. He is best known now for his elaborate engravings, and as the inventor of the printmaking technique of monotyping. He was known as Il Grechetto in Italy and in France as Le Benédette
May 19 Élisabeth de Bourbon a granddaughter of King Henry IV of France.
Jun 1 Michiel Sweerts a Flemish painter of the Baroque period, active in Rome in the style of the Bamboccianti. The Bamboccianti were known for depicting genre scenes of daily life, but Sweerts's contributions to this genre display greater stylistic mastery and social-philosophical sensitivity than many of his colleagues in this "school." Highly successful in Rome during his years there, Sweerts's reputation suffered a severe collapse not long after his death, lasting centuries; but thanks especially to the 2002 international monographic exhibition devoted entirely to him, Michael Sweerts: 1618–1664, he has begun once again to enjoy the esteem his work clearly merits
Jun 2 Henry II Duke of Guise the second son of Charles, Duke of Guise and Henriette Catherine de Joyeuse.
Jul 11 Jan Janssonius a Dutch cartographer and publisher who lived and worked in Amsterdam in the 17th century.
Jul 12 Stefano della Bella an Italian draughtsman and printmaker known for etchings of a great variety of subjects, including military and court scenes, landscapes, and lively genre scenes. He left 1052 prints, and several thousand drawings, but only one known painting. He was born and died in Florence, Italy
Jul 16 Andreas Gryphius a German lyric poet and dramatist.
Aug 22 Maria Cunitz an accomplished German astronomer, and one of the most notable female astronomers of the modern era. She authored a book Urania propitia, in which she provided new tables, new ephemera, and a more elegant solution to Kepler's problem. The Cunitz crater on Venus is named after her. The minor planet 12624 Mariacunitia is named in her honour
Aug 27 Francisco de Zurbarán a Spanish painter. He is known primarily for his religious paintings depicting monks, nuns, and martyrs, and for his still-lifes. Zurbarán gained the nickname Spanish Caravaggio, owing to the forceful, realistic use of chiaroscuro in which he excelled
Aug 27 Cornelis Pietersz Bega a Dutch Golden Age painter and engraver.
Sep 28 Yakym Somko a Ukrainian Cossack military leader of the Pereyaslav regiment and was the Acting Hetman of Left-bank Ukraine in 1660-1663, during The Ruin.
Nov 2 George Ghica Prince of Moldavia in 1658–1659 and Prince of Wallachia in 1659–1660.
Nov 17 Nicolas Perrot d'Ablancourt a French translator of the Greek and Latin classics into French and a member of the Académie française.
Nov 18 Miklós Zrínyi a Croatian and Hungarian military leader, statesman and poet. He was a member of the House of Zrinski , a Croatian-Hungarian noble family. He is the author of the first epic poem in Hungarian literature
Dec 26 Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau a princess of Anhalt-Dessau by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.