Died in 1666

Jan 20 Anne of Austria queen consort of France and Navarre, regent for her son, Louis XIV of France, and a Spanish and Portuguese Infanta by birth. During her regency Cardinal Mazarin served as France's chief minister. Accounts of French court life of her era emphasize her difficult marital relations with her husband Louis XIII, her closeness to her son Louis XIV, and her disapproval of her son's marital infidelity to her niece Maria Theresa
Jan 22 Shah Jahan the fifth Mughal Emperor of India. He is also known as Shah Jahan He ruled from 1628 until 1658
Jan 24 Johann Andreas Herbst a German composer and music theorist of the early Baroque era. He was a contemporary of Michael Praetorius and Heinrich Schütz, and like them, assisted in importing the grand Venetian style and the other features of the early Baroque into Protestant Germany
Feb 24 Nicholas Lanier an English composer, singer, lutenist and painter.
Feb 26 Armand de Bourbon Prince of Conti a French nobleman, the younger son of Henri, Prince of Condé and brother of le Grand Condé and Anne Geneviève, Duchess of Longueville. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a Prince du Sang
Feb 27 Luisa de Guzmán a queen consort of Portugal. She was the spouse of King John IV, the first Braganza ruler, as well as the mother of two kings of Portugal and a queen of England. She served as regent of Portugal from 1656
Feb 27 Thomas Vaughan (philosopher) a Welsh philosopher, now remembered for his writings in the area of natural magic.
Feb 27 Gustav Evertsson Horn a Finnish-Swedish military and politician. He was a member of the Privy Council of Sweden and Governor General
Mar 19 Diego de Benavides 8th Count of Santisteban a Spanish military officer, diplomat, writer and colonial administrator. From December 31, 1661 to March 16, 1666 he was viceroy of Peru
May 22 Gaspar Schott a German Jesuit and scientist, specializing in the fields of physics, mathematics and natural philosophy, and known for his industry.
Jun 11 Cornelis Evertsen the Elder a Dutch admiral.
Jun 15 Łukasz Opaliński (1612–1666) a Polish nobleman. He was a poet, writer and political activist, one of the most important of Polish political writers of the 17th century
Jun 16 Sir Richard Fanshawe 1st Baronet an English poet and translator. He was a diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1661 to 1666. During the English Civil War he supported the Royalist cause and served King Charles II in battle and in exile
Jun 17 Carlo de' Medici (cardinal) the son of Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Christina of Lorraine. Born in Florence, he had a successful career in the Church, rising to become Cardinal Bishop of Ostia and Dean of the College of Cardinals
Jun 30 Alexander Brome an English poet.
Jun 30 Adam Krieger a German composer. Born in Driesen, Neumark, he studied organ with Samuel Scheidt in Halle. He succeeded Johann Rosenmüller as organist at Leipzig's Nikolaikirche and founded the city's Collegium Musicum before settling for the rest of his career in Dresden
Jul 5 Albert VI Duke of Bavaria son of William V, Duke of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine, born and died in Munich.
Jul 25 Henri Count of Harcourt a French nobleman. He was count of Harcourt, count of Armagnac, count of Brionne and viscount of Marsan. He was the younger son of Charles I, Duke of Elbeuf and his wife Marguerite de Chabot, countess of Charny
Aug 15 Johann Adam Schall von Bell a German Jesuit and astronomer. He spent most of his life as a missionary in China and became an adviser to the Shunzhi Emperor of the Qing dynasty
Aug 21 Isabella d'Este Duchess of Parma Duchess of Parma, and second wife of Duke Ranuccio II Farnese. She was the paternal grandmother of Elisabetta Farnese
Aug 26 Frans Hals a Dutch Golden Age portrait painter who lived and worked in Haarlem, though he was born in the Southern Netherlands. He is notable for his loose painterly brushwork, and he helped introduce this lively style of painting into Dutch art. Hals played an important role in the evolution of 17th-century group portraiture
Sep 4 Girolamo Colonna an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and member of the noble Colonna family.
Sep 17 Augustus the Younger Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In the estate division of the House of Welf of 1635, he received the Principality of Wolfenbüttel
Sep 23 François Mansart a French architect credited with introducing classicism into Baroque architecture of France. The Encyclopædia Britannica cites him as the most accomplished of 17th-century French architects whose works "are renowned for their high degree of refinement, subtlety, and elegance"
Sep 23 Hannibal Sehested (governor) a Danish statesman and son-in-law of King Christian He served as Governor-general of Norway from 1642 to 165I where he fought the Hannibal war against Sweden and implemented many reforms. After a fall from grace leading to his resignation as Governor-general in 1651, he regained trust from Frederick III in 1660 and negotiated the Treaty of Copenhagen and worked as lord treasurer and councilor of state until his death in 1666
Sep 27 Georg Albrecht Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach a German prince and member of the House of Hohenzollern.
Oct 27 Robert Hubert a watchmaker from Rouen, France, who was executed following his false confession of starting the Great Fire of London.
Oct 29 Edmund Calamy the Elder an English Presbyterian church leader and divine. Known as "the elder", he was the first of four generations of nonconformist ministers bearing the same name
Nov 3 Henri-Auguste de Loménie comte de Brienne a French politician. He was secretary of state for the navy from 1615 to February 1643, and then secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1643 to 1663 under Mazarin during the minority of Louis XIV. From the Loménie family , he was the son of Antoine de Loménie, secretary of state to Henry IV and a Huguenot convert
Dec 22 Guercino an Italian Baroque painter and draftsman from the region of Emilia, and active in Rome and Bologna. The vigorous naturalism of his early manner is in contrast to the classical equilibrium of his later works. His many drawings are noted for their luminosity and lively style