Born in 1668

Mar 19 Francesco Gasparini an Italian Baroque composer and teacher whose works were performed throughout Italy, and also on occasion in Germany and England.
Apr 14 Magnus Julius De la Gardie a Swedish general and statesman, member of the Swedish Hats Party.
May 6 Alain-René Lesage a French novelist and playwright. Lesage is best known for his comic novel The Devil upon Two Sticks , his comedy Turcaret , and his picaresque novel Gil Blas
May 9 Joachim Frederick Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön the third Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Plön, a dukedom created by the division of the Duchy of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg.
May 13 Thomas Teddeman an English admiral of the 17th century. His name was also written as Teddiman or Teddyman
Jun 23 Giambattista Vico an Italian political philosopher, rhetorician, historian, and jurist. He criticized the expansion and development of modern rationalism and was an apologist of classical antiquity. Vico is best known for his magnum opus, the Scienza Nuova of 1725, often published in English as New Science
Jul 21 Frederick Henry Duke of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt a German prince of the House of Wettin.
Sep 8 Giorgio Baglivi an Italian physician and scientist, was born in poor circumstances at Ragusa in Dalmatia, his real name being Armeno. His family was of Armenian decent. His family was removed to Lecce in Apulia, and Giorgio took the name of his adopted father, a wealthy physician named Pier Angelo Baglivi. He made important contributions to clinical education, based on his own medical practice, and in De Fibra Motrice advanced the theory that the solid parts of organs are more crucial to their good functioning than their fluids
Oct 14 Caspar Commelijn a Dutch botanist.
Oct 18 John George IV Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1691 to 1694.
Oct 24 Petr Brandl a painter of the late Baroque, famous in his time but – due to isolation behind the Iron Curtain – rather forgotten until recently. He was of German-speaking Austrian descent in the bilingual Kingdom of Bohemia. His mother was from Czech peasant family, that lived in Přestanice. According to the Grove Dictionary of Art and other sources, Brandl was born into a craftsman’s family and apprenticed around 1683–1688 to Kristián Schröder
Oct 30 Sophia Charlotte of Hanover the first Queen consort in Prussia as wife of King Frederick She was the only daughter of Elector Ernest Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg and his wife Sophia of the Palatinate. Her eldest brother George Louis succeeded to the British throne in 1714 as King George I
Nov 10 Louis Prince of Condé (1668–1710) a Prince of the blood at the French court of Louis XIV. Styled as the Duke of Bourbon from birth, he succeeded his father as Prince of Condé in 1709. However, was known by the lesser ducal title. He was prince for less than a year. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang
Nov 10 François Couperin a French Baroque composer, organist and harpsichordist. He was known as Couperin le Grand to distinguish him from other members of the musically talented Couperin family
Nov 11 Johann Albert Fabricius a German classical scholar and bibliographer.
Nov 14 Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt an Austrian baroque architect and military engineer who designed stately buildings and churches and whose work had a profound influence on the architecture of the Habsburg Empire in the eighteenth century. After studying in Rome under Carlo Fontana, he constructed fortresses for Prince Eugene of Savoy during his Italian campaigns, becoming his favorite architect. In 1700 he became court engineer in Vienna, and in 1711 was named head of the court department of building. He became court architect in 1723. His designs for palaces, estates, gardens, churches, chapels, and villas were widely imitated, and his architectural principles spread throughout central and southeast Europe. Among his more important works are Palais Schwarzenberg, Peter's Church, and Belvedere in Vienna, Savoy Castle in Ráckeve, Schönborn Palace in Göllersdorf, and Schloss Hof
Nov 19 Philip William August Count Palatine of Neuburg a Prince and Count Palatine of Neuburg.
Nov 27 Henri François d'Aguesseau Chancellor of France three times between 1717 and 1750 and pronounced by Voltaire to be "the most learned magistrate France every possessed".
Nov 30 William August Duke of Saxe-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
Dec 31 Herman Boerhaave a Dutch botanist, Christian humanist and physician of European fame. He is regarded as the founder of clinical teaching and of the modern academic hospital and is sometimes referred to as "the father of physiology," along with his pupil Albrecht von Haller. He is best known for demonstrating the relation of symptoms to lesions and, in addition, he was the first to isolate the chemical urea from urine. His motto was Simplex sigillum veri; Simplicity is the sign of truth