1669 in history

1669 events chronologically

May 31 Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary
Sep 27 The Venetians surrender the fortress of Candia to the Ottomans, thus ending the 21-year long Siege of Candia

Top 7 most famous people born in 1669

Jan 16 Sava Vladislavich a Serbian diplomat, count and merchant-adventurer in the employ of Peter the Great who conducted important diplomatic negotiations in Constantinople, Rome and Beijing. His most lasting achievement was the Treaty of Kiakhta, which regulated relations between the Russian Empire and the Qing Empire until the mid-19th century. Also, he was an author of a whole number of pamphlets, monographs, treaties and letters concerned with liberating the lands of the Slavs, then occupied by the Ottoman Empire and the forces of Leopold I
Jan 18 Maria Antonia of Austria the eldest daughter and only surviving child of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and his wife Margaret Theresa of Spain. She became Electress of Bavaria when she married in 1685, but died prematurely in 1692
Feb 2 Louis Marchand a French Baroque organist, harpsichordist, and composer. Born into an organist's family, Marchand was a child prodigy and quickly established himself as one of the best known French virtuosi of his time. He worked as organist of numerous churches and, for a few years, at the French court. Marchand had a violent temperament and an arrogant personality, and his life was filled with scandals, publicized and widely discussed both during his lifetime and after his death. Despite his fame, few of his works survive to this day, and those that do almost all date from his early years. Nevertheless, a few pieces of his, such as the organ pieces Grand dialogue in C and Fond d'orgue in E minor, have been lauded as classic works of the French organ school
May 26 Sébastien Vaillant a French botanist.
Aug 9 Eudoxia Lopukhina the first wife of Peter I of Russia. They married in 1689 but divorced in 1698. She is the mother of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich and the paternal grandmother of Peter II of Russia
Aug 27 Anne Marie d'Orléans the first Queen consort of Sardinia and the maternal grandmother of Louis XV of France. She is also an important figure in British history
Oct 19 Count Wirich Philipp von Daun an Austrian Field Marshal in the War of Spanish Succession, and father of the better known Leopold Josef Graf Daun. In 1710 he was created Prince of Teano

Top 7 most famous people died in 1669

Jan 19 Leo Allatius a Greek scholar, theologian and keeper of the Vatican library.
May 16 Pietro da Cortona primarily known by the name of his native town of Cortona in Tuscany. He was the leading Italian Baroque painter of his time and, along with his contemporaries and rivals Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Francesco Borromini, was one of the key figures in the emergence of Roman Baroque architecture. He was also an important designer of interior decorations
Sep 10 Henrietta Maria of France queen consort of England, Scotland, and Ireland as the wife of King Charles She was mother of his two immediate successors, Charles II and James II.
Oct 4 Rembrandt a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art and the most important in Dutch history. His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age when Dutch Golden Age painting, although in many ways antithetical to the Baroque style that dominated Europe, was extremely prolific and innovative, and gave rise to important new genres in painting
Oct 14 Antonio Cesti also a singer , and organist. He was "the most celebrated Italian musician of his generation"
Oct 24 William Prynne an English lawyer, author, polemicist, and political figure. He was a prominent Puritan opponent of the church policy of the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud. Although his views on church polity were presbyterian, he became known in the 1640s as an Erastian, arguing for overall state control of religious matters. A prolific writer, he published over 200 books and pamphlets
Dec 9 Pope Clement IX Pope from 20 June 1667 to his death in 1669.